Destitute miners in Uniontown Pennsylvania during the Great Depression. Miners and their families make their homes in idle, empty coal (coke) ovens. Children sit outside dwelling caves. Men eat food inside a coke oven cave. In second sequence: Men and women prepare new series of 'Baby Bonds' for lower wage earners rolling off Government presses. President Franklin D Roosevelt buys the first Baby Bond from postmaster-General Farley. From a February 11, 1960 Newsreel recounting events 25 years earlier.
Cierva C30 Autogiro (G-ACIO) built by British A.V. Roe & Co. is seen parked at Air Park, London, England. Several views of the autogiro. Scene shifts to aerial view of the new Federal Post Office building in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. A Kellett autogiro lands on the building roof, on May 25, 1935,as part of dedication ceremonies,for the new Post Office building. Officials stand on the rooftop watching the landing. The pilot delivers a mail pouch to James A. Farley, the U.S. Postmaster General, thus initiating airmail service between Camden New Jersey and Philadelphia. Aerial views of the Post Office building and surrounding downtown Philadelphia. The autogiro climbing steeply away.
Hard times in the Great Depression led to formation of The Bonus Army. American veterans of World War 1 march on streets of Washington DC, carrying a large poster demanding immediate cash redemption their "bonus" service certificates awarded by Congress in 1924 (but not lawfully payable until 1945). Army Chief of Staff, General Douglas MacArthur, ordered by President Hoover, to clear the Bonus Army encampments, is seen standing in a street surrounded by several U.S. Army troops. People watch from sidewalks as a contingent of U.S. Army cavalry rides down the street. U.S. Army M-1917 tanks roll down Pennsylvania Avenue in July 1932. Bonus marchers and others watch from Lafayette Park in background. Scene shifts to the 1932 Democratic Party Convention in Chicago Stadium, Chicago, where delegates cheer after nominating Franklin D. Roosevelt as their Presidential candidate. Roosevelt seen waving from the podium. Migrant farm workers seen at temporary, dilapidated dwellings in close quarters, and sitting at a campfire, some with sad and desperate faces. Migrant farm workers' cars on the road, piled high with family belongings during westward migration. Migrants riding atop an open railroad freight car. Two men share a copy of the "Epic News" newspaper (published by supporters of Upton Sinclair and the End Poverty Movement in Los Angeles and central California). Narrator describes programs of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) and the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Construction workers ignite demolition charges during construction of Boulder Dam (aka Hoover Dam and officially so-named in 1947). Glimpse of President Roosevelt at the site in an open car, for its dedication on September 30, 1935. Construction workers engaged in building the dam. Another shot of President Roosevelt in his open car. Towers being erected to carry electric power from the dam's hydroelectric generators. President Franklin D. Roosevelt smiling broadly at the formal dedication ceremony, September 30, 1935. Controlled discharges of water through the dam. Views of the Boulder Dam hydroelectric generating station. Oil well rigs or oil derricks at work during construction at night. People at work in fabric mills or textile mills, and in a print shop
President Franklin Roosevelt's mother, Sara Delano Roosevelt, is seen standing with her grandaughter, Anna Roosevelt Dall Boettiger, who holds the hand of her daughter, Anna Eleanor Roosevelt Dall. The President's son, Elliot Roosevelt and his wife, Ruth Josephine Googins Roosevelt, stand with them. Next, President Franklin D. Roosevelt and First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt, holding a bouquet of flowers, are seen in an open car. Scene shifts to the White House porch, where a protected Presidential reviewing stand has been set up, along with chairs. View of President Roosevelt, in a top hat, receiving congratulations from officials. Admiral William Leahy, Chief of Naval Operations, and another admiral (possibly recently retired CNO, William Harrison Standley) are seen in full dress uniforms. The President's son, Elliot Roosevelt is also present, to assist FDR when necessary. Some mounted U.S. Army cavalry ride past the reviewing stand, saluting with swords. An automobile is seen driving along the wet street, accompanied by a formation of motorcycle police officers. President Roosevelt holding onto a built-in railing, reviews various elements and units in the inaugural parade, including several military marching bands. Army Chief of Staff, General Malin Craig, rides past on horseback, and renders a sabre salute to the President. He is followed by a contingent of U.S. Army mounted cavalry. One of the marching bands is seen from another camera location. An open top 1935 Duesenberg SJ Dual-Cowl Phaeton, with exposed exhaust tubes, is seen, displaying a small banner on its door, reading "Pennsylvania." Numerous closed sedans, carrying notables, drive along the wet street, past the President, who waves his hat and smiles at some. Vice President, John Nance Garner IV, shares the reviewing stand with FDR.
A film depicts an impressionistic study of Washington DC on a typical Great Depression day. Clark Mills's Lieutenant General George Washginton equestrian statue at Washington Circle. A cemetery and men work at the cemetery. They use a machine to help lift old grave markers up out of the ground. The grave markers appear to be circa civil war era. A marker with number 7566 on top is lifted out of the cemetery grounds. Elevated view of Pennsylvania Avenue, Old Post Office Building seen on right, and traffic on the street. Close up elevated view of 1930's automobiles stopped a stop light. Several views of 1935 year license plates or number plates of cars from various states including California, Georgia, New York, Wisconsin, and Ohio . A horse eats food from a bucket. A woman seated on a footpath drinks and enjoys lunch. A family seated around a table during a lunch break. People at the National Zoo. They look at animals and stand behind a cage. A young girl plays with leopard cubs. Picnickers seated in a garden, with cars on roadway behind, possibly Rock Creek Park area. A close up of a young girl eating. Children swinging on a swing set.
Aerial view of flooded areas around river in Pennsylvania. Small island protruding out of the flood waters. Cattle and people are gathered on it. Several other small islands in flooded areas with a cattle and people on them. U.S. Army Martin B-10 bombers seen in flight, dropping relief supplies from open bomb bay doors. Flood victims eating in a community dining hall. B-10 bombers flying through hills of Pennsylvania.