Prisoners in athletic attire march into courtyard of a prison in Valencia, Spain. On the opposite wall a sentinel guard mounts his sentry box. The prisoners perform bending exercises, push ups and gymnastics.
A prisoner leads an orchestra of prisoners as it plays in an open courtyard in Valencia, Spain. Prisoners and others listen to the music as they stand in the background. Writing above a doorway in the courtyard is obscured, but possibly reads something like: "academia de música y artes."
An organized theatrical group of prisoners stage a play at a prison in Valencia, Spain. The leading character is a missionary who preaches the Christian Gospel to Native American Indians. Prison audience applauds. Painting of Virgin of Merced, Saint of pardon, Saint of prisoners, adorns the wall of the theater. Director and staff of the prison applaud.
A long gallery at a prison in Valence, Spain. Cell doors open simultaneously and prisoners in athletic attire double-time in formation down the central staircase and across a long gallery to reach the central courtyard. Prisoners lined up in a courtyard.
The Spanish Civil War. Republican (Government) forces moving forward to engage Nationalist (Rebel) forces in the battle of Jarama during the Spanish Civil War. Black smoke rising where shells burst from Nationalist artillery on the heights of La Maranosa. Republican infantry moving across a field. A rebel shell bursting close to the camera. Republican soldier rendering first aid and bandaging the face of a wounded comrade. A Russian T-26 tank moving towards the rear on a dirt road, where troops carry wounded on stretchers and place them into field ambulances. Wounded being treated by medics. Wounded sitting on the ground. Two soldiers rushing a wounded away on a litter. Medic treating face wound of a soldier. Various scenes of wounded being treated and evacuated. Field ambulance driving away with wounded on board. View through trees of a building and one span of the Arganda bridge over Jarama river. Next, the entire Arganda bridge is seen with Republican troops dug in defensive positions. View of troops firing rifles from those positions, and Nationalist (rebel) shells bursting nearby. Defenders firing machine gun at rebels. More scenes of shells bursting and smoke rising. The Republican tricolor flag waving in the breeze as narrator states that the counterattack has been successful. Camera pans battlefield. Soldiers gathering up equipment underneath span of the bridge. Vehicles moving over the Madrid-Valencia road, with Republican forces in control of the Jarama valley in that area, for the time being. Scene shifts to barefoot farm boy using a mattock to open way for water to flow from river into irrigation sluice to water local crops. View of the sluice. Water flowing in the fields and farmers directing its flow. Civilian and military traffic on the Valencia road. Troops and a black and white dog riding on a T-26 tank. Closeup of Republican soldier aiming and firing his rifle. Water moving to irrigate parched farm field. (Note: Scenes from film "Spanish Earth," ddirected by Joris Iven)
Fascist Rebel bombardment of Madrid, during Spanish Civil War, angers population and promotes recruitment into the Republican Army. A group of men march down a street with a small boy, who appears to be in boy scout uniform, in the front rank, carrying a flag. Recruits are seen being organized into marching groups. Sidewalk in front of a railroad station is filled with new recruits. They march under direction of Republican soldiers. Motorcade of automobiles carrying Manuel Azana Diaz, President of Spain, stops surrounded by an enthusiastic crowd, in Valencia. The President steps from his car, enters a building, and delivers a speech emphasizing the democratic election of the government and decrying the need to defend it and the soil of Spain from fascist rebels. Scene shifts to several men in rural area, discussing the need to complete new irrigation projects in time for new defense of Madrid. They already have their pump and must build the pump house. One man types on a typewriter while another sketches the plan to pump water from the Rio Tajo (Tagus River), to irrigate crops. View of horse-drawn wagon loaded with cement for construction. Two men discussion construction plans. Masons using rudimentary methods to erect a pump house. Later view of pump house as men work on the roof. Men digging irrigationl canal from the river and upward toward the agricultural fields. A soldier who hitched a ride on a truck, jumps off. View of a letter he wrote a few days ago, on May 4th. He arrives at his house and is greeted by his mother. Farmers trimming plants in field to be irrigated. A boy calls one of them, his father, to come home.