Allied campaign in Italy during World War II. Allied troops and equipment advance on a road to Rome. Various street signs on the way read Rome. A map of Italy. Deserted streets of Rome as the Nazis withdraw. Allied troops enter Rome and civilians celebrate their liberation. Newspaper headlines about the liberation of Rome. Pope Pius XII addresses a large gathering from a balcony in the Vatican City. People pray. People gathered around dead soldiers. A soldier removes his gear and helmet as he enters a church. A church bell rings.
Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli being acclaimed as Pope Pius XII in Vatican City, Rome. Rites being performed at Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome to mark the passing of Pope Pius XI. Pope stands in a balcony with other dignitaries. He waves towards a large crowd gathered to greet him.
Liberation of Rome by the Allies during World War II. Allied soldiers in jeeps drive on the streets of Rome. U.S. Army General Mark Clark leads a convoy of Allied soldiers. The jeeps pass under a bridge. Swiss Guards in the Vatican City. General Mark Clark with a bishop as he visits the Vatican City. Civilians gathered on a street. King Victor Emmanuel Monument in the background. Civilians run on a street. People cheer and wave.
United States sailors visit St Peter's Square and the City of Vatican, Rome. People walk at St Peter's Square in Vatican City, Rome. People walk around a fountain at St Peter's Square.
Pope John XXIII presides over final meeting of the First Session of the twenty-first Ecumenical Council of the Catholic Church at St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican City. Two thousand cardinals,Bishops, and other prelates of the Roman Catholic Church are in attendance. The Council granted Bishops more authority regarding the use of modern languages in the liturgy of the church. The Pope is quoted as saying He has "heard the voice of the whole Catholic World." Attendees are seen leaving St. Peter's after the end of the session. (Note: This was one of the activities undertaken during The Second Vatican Council,"Vatican II," which focused on relations between the Roman Catholic Church and the modern world.)
Workers place torches over the Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome, Italy. Wide and close up views of workers climbing with ropes around their waists on the dome roof of Saint Peter's Basilica, carrying large baskets, and setting the torches in place. High view of Rome and Vatican City as seen from atop Saint Peter's Basilica. Night view as twenty five thousand flaming torches light up the Basilica to celebrate the occasion of Sir Thomas More and Bishop John Fisher becoming the First English Saints to be canonized in the Catholic faith since reformation.