The Papal conclave of 1963. Aerial view of the Vatican City. Preparation for the conclave underway. A trailer towed by a truck enters a square. Furniture is unloaded from the trailer. A man carries a mattress. The conclave takes place in the Sistine Chapel. Frescoes by Michaelangelo in the Chapel. Men prepare for the meet The Chapel is carpeted. The traditional stove in which the ballots would be burned. The College of Cardinals meets to elect the 262nd Pontiff, the successor to Pope John XXIII.
The cardinals enter the Sistine Chapel. An African Cardinal. Cardinal Francis Spellman from New York. Cardinal Richard Cushing from Boston. Photographers click pictures.
Allied campaign in Italy during World War II. Allied troops and equipment advance on a road to Rome. Various street signs on the way read Rome. A map of Italy. Deserted streets of Rome as the Nazis withdraw. Allied troops enter Rome and civilians celebrate their liberation. Newspaper headlines about the liberation of Rome. Pope Pius XII addresses a large gathering from a balcony in the Vatican City. People pray. People gathered around dead soldiers. A soldier removes his gear and helmet as he enters a church. A church bell rings.
Pope John XXIII passes away in Vatican City,Rome. Large crowd of civilians gather at the Saint Peter's Square. They place pictures of Pope John XXIII. Civilians pray for the recovery of Pope's illness in front of the windows of Pope apartment. Past scenes show: Pope John XXIII meets with the bishops.
View of crowd, nearly 250,000 people at St. Peter's Square in Vatican City. The rites that solemnize the elevation of Giovanni Cardinal Montini to the Chair of St. Peter are carried out with all of the traditional pomp, dignity and splendor of the Church. Dignitaries from many countries are seated. From the Vatican Palace the procession moves through the Square to an altar erected on the steps of St. Peter's. The ceremonies are held outdoors. The Pope celebrates a Pontifical Mass and then is crowned with the triple tiara. He promises to carry on the work of Pope John XXIII.
Liberation of Rome by the Allies during World War II. Allied soldiers in jeeps drive on the streets of Rome. U.S. Army General Mark Clark leads a convoy of Allied soldiers. The jeeps pass under a bridge. Swiss Guards in the Vatican City. General Mark Clark with a bishop as he visits the Vatican City. Civilians gathered on a street. King Victor Emmanuel Monument in the background. Civilians run on a street. People cheer and wave.
United States sailors visit St Peter's Square and the City of Vatican, Rome. People walk at St Peter's Square in Vatican City, Rome. People walk around a fountain at St Peter's Square.