The film 'Sea power in the Pacific' showing Japanese dominance in China and at start of World War 2. Then it chronicles U.S. efforts to build Navy and fight back on sea and in the air. Opening scene shows Japanese Mitsubishi G3M (Type 96) bombers high overhead, and then closeup in formation. View from bomber of bomb bays open with bombs falling and view from ground of explosions and destruction. Overlay on film says: "China---1931." (This is not correct. The G3M bomber was not yet in service.) This film depicts Japanese attacks during second Sino-Japanese War, commencing 1937, Chinese civilians running to escape Jap;anese bombing of Singapore. Buildings destroyed and on fire. Next, Japanese troops, carrying the Rising Sun flag, are seen establishing a beachhead in an Amphibious assault. More scenes of Japanese infantry advancing through Singapore, ad it is being destroyed and burned. Soldiers charging along an alleyway, with pagoda in background. Next, Japanese soldiers are seen attacking Nanking, and committing atrocities during the so-called "Rape of Nanking," in December, 1937. Chinese civilians being summarily shot and dumped into a large open grave. Two Chinese prisoners with hands bound, being executed by rifle fire. Jubilant Japanese troops celebrating their victory. Map shows areas of China occupied during second Sino-Japanese war and the East Indies to the South. View of oil tanks; an open pit tin mine; a native cutting rubber tree bark to collect latex. Flags on map show regions of English, French, and Dutch colonial interest. It also shows Islands to the East, fortified by the Japanese. Cartoon shows Japanese soldier opposed by and American sailor (representing U.S. Sea Power). Next, famous images of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, December 7, 1941, are shown, including the USS Arizona burning and sinking. Hawaii, Midway, Wake, and the Philippines Islands, are highlighted on a map and Japanese control of the Pacific is illustrated. Japanese soldiers are seen displaying a captured American flag. U.S. Lieutenant General Jonathan M. Wainwright is seen surrendering the garrison at Corregidor, on May 6, 1942. View of Japanese General Masahara Homma discussing surrender terms with Wainright. Map shows interlocking web of Japanese fortified bases in Pacific and need for seapower to oppose it. View of American shipyard with hundreds of workers, employed to build ships for the war effort, in World War 2. Views welding, metal fabrication, and other shipbuilding activity. A new ship going down the ways and a woman christening a new ship with splash from bottle of champagne. A new "Liberty Ship," the Richard Bassett, going down the ways at Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard Inc. Baltimore, Maryland. Closeup view as the stern of another ship enters the water upon launching. View of it from a distance. Shipyard workers knock supports from under what may be a landing craft, as it is launched. Japanese warships underway in the Pacific and firing their naval guns. Explosions on a shoreline from naval bombardment. Japanese infantry wading ashore during an amphibious assault. Map shows where Japanese forces attempt an amphibious assault on Southern New Guinea, thwarted by the U.S. Navy in the battle of the Coral Sea of May, 1942. In June, 1942, a Japanese attempt against Midway Island, was again checked by the U.S. Navy in the Battle of Midway. View of USS Wasp (CV-7) carrier deck filled with airplanes, including Grumman F4F Wildcats. A Douglas SBD Dauntless dive bomber being cleared for takeoff from the Wasp. Gun camera film showing Japanese airplanes being shot down by pursuing U.S. aircraft.
Animated map shows Guadalcanal, where Japanese were building up a base to interdict Allied supply routes to Australia, in World War 2. U.S. marines in full battle gear board a troop transport ship. Convoy of transport ships headed to Guadalcanal. A Benham class destroyer bombarding the island from close range. On 8 August, 1942, the day after the amphibious assault on Guadalcanal, U.S. marines of the 3rd Defense Battalion, are seen descending rope net from the Transport ship USS Zeilin (AP-9, later designated APA-3) to enter landing craft headed ashore to reinforce marines fighting Japanese defenders on Tulagi, Gavutu, and Tanambogo, in the Solomon Islands. U.S. ship firing its guns. U.S. marines wading ashore, relatively unapposed at Guadalcanal, on 7 August, 1942. U.S. Douglas SBD Dauntless dive bomber taking off from Henderson Field on Guadalcanal. Two officers with large binoculars are seen aboard a Japanese warship flying her Naval ensign. A Japanese Nakajima B5N torpedo bomber (Kate) taking off from carrier. A formation of Japanese Nakajima Ki-43 Hayabusa (Oscar) or Ki-44 Shōki (Tojo) aircraft in flight. Closeup of two overhead in silhouette. Glimpse of U.S. carrier (USS Wasp?) taking evasive action. Sky filled with puffs of black Flak at low altitude and contrails from dogfights at high altitude. Closeup of a Japanese Mitsubishi B5M Type 97 Carrier Attack Bomber (Mabel) with others in formation in background. Bombs falling. View from carrier island of sailors running across deck of U.S. Carrier with smoke rising at site of bomb strike. Smoke obscuring the deck and beginning to clear. View from different U.S. carrier deck, past parked aircraft, to a camouflaged U.S. destroyer approaching astern. Carrier deck with Douglas SBD Dauntless dive bombers parked at its end, and black flak clouds overhead. Several night naval gun battle scenes followed by view of burning Japanese ship. Closeup of the wreck of the Japanese transport ship, Kinugawa Maru and views of other Japanese ships burning. U.S. army troops are seen marching along the sides of a road as they arrive in December, 1942, to relieve the marines on Guadalcanal. View of the embarkation operation on the shore as marines prepare to depart. Marines getting aboard Higgins boats (landing craft) for transport out to their transport ship, the USS Neville (AP-16, later redesignated APA-9).
United States Coast Guard operations in World War 2. Underwater views of ship's anchors being weighed, Convoy of U.S. ships in Pacific Theater, in July, 1942. The Attack Transport, USS Hunter Liggett underway, with crews doing amphibious training. Members of the 1st Marine Division aboard USS Hunter Liggett with Coast Guardsmen. Officers confer aboard vessel. Marines read books on ship. August 7, 1942, U.S. Marines begin amphibious assault against Japanese on Guadalcanal. Naval guns bombard Guadalcanal Island. Marines descend from the USS Hunter Liggett, on nets and enter LCVPs (Higgins boats) operated by Coast Guardsmen, to assault the island. Marines hit the beach from the boats. Marines firing small howitzers and advancing on the island. November 7, 1942, convoy of eight hundred ships en route to North Africa. Warships bombard the shore. An officer observes through binoculars. British and American troops descend on nets into LCVPs from Attack transports: USS Joseph T. Dickman (APA-13);USS Leonard Wood (APA-12); and USS Samuel Chase (APA-26). Troops hit the beaches of North Africa, under fire.
Construction of the the Alaska Highway aka Alaska-Canadian Highway aka ALCAN Highway, in 1942. Montage showing momentary views of American highways seen from underneath, highlighting their structural supports and the like. A man traveling in snow by means of a dogsled. Vehicles bumping along on rough road in a wilderness, passing a piece of heavy road-building machinery in operation. A sign posted on June 15, 1942, soliciting workers for construction of the ALCAN highway. The sign reads "This is No Picnic." Steam locomotive pulling train into station at whitehorse, Yukon, Canada. Men in parkas sorting through boxes of supplies at the rail depot. A caterpillar tractor clearing trees along the planned roadway path. Canvas covered trucks driving across snow-covered landscape. Narrator mentions start of World War 2, as related scenes are shown, including: A formation of military aircraft in flight; Bomb exploding in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor; and wreckage of the USS Arizona after the attack. Scene shifts to workmen in parkas carrying tools, as they walk past tents in snowy site. Surveyors struggling through snow and underbrush to perform their work. A truck driving across a temporary bridge. A bulldozer clearing underbrush. A convoy of trucks driving along a snowy road. Men attempting to free a vehicle trapped in a snow bank. Vehicles moving along parts of the highway covered by water from melting ice. A Jeep driving past a tent displaying a sign pointing to Tokyo. Gathering of construction workers in completion ceremony at Soldier's Summit on 21 November, 1942.
Peaceful scene of harbor at Kuwait on Persian Gulf, under British administration, in 1942. Several small sailboats are in the water near a wharf. The sun is shining and weather is apparently pleasant, judging by the way people are dressed (all in western garb). A cabin cruiser is docked and several men stand near it conversing. A man, woman, and child stroll along the wharf. Scene shifts to the Brazilian Freighter, SS Ozorio (aka OSORIO) entering the harbor. Camera focuses on the Ozorio, underway. (Note: On June 8, 1941, The SS Ozorio, picked up survivors from the Robin Moor, first U.S. ship to go down in World War II. Later, the Ozorio, herself, was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine, on September 27, 1942.)
U.S. Army Major Achille C. Tisdell testifies before a military tribunal in Manila, Philippines during the trail of Japanese Army General Masaharu Homma for World War II crimes. Major Tisdell takes an oath on the 16th day of the Homma trial. He says that he was aide-de-camp to Major General E.P. King, Commanding General of the American forces in Luzon in April, 1942. Major Tisdell recalls that Japanese forces had pushed back the American forces in Bataan to a point that it was difficult for the Americans to reorganize. He also talks about the lack of ration for the American forces. Major Tisdell says that U.S. reserves were released for the forces. He says that on 9th April, 1942 General King was unable to make contact with Japanese commander and Colonel Edward C. Williams volunteered to make contact with the Japanese.