Events after World War II. Harvesting in U.S. farms. Closeup view as a tractor plows fields. Men on horseback driving sheep. Woman serves a Thanksgiving turkey dinner to her family gathered at a nice dining room table in the United States. Her children look at the food with smiles. Contrasting scenes show Europeans starving amid post-war ruins. Women and children looking for food. A child in a soup line. Women wait in a line to receive grain that is weighed on a scale. Globe spins. Joseph Stalin and other Soviet officials watch a military parade in Red Square in Russia. Retrospective scenes of the meeting of Russian and U.S. troops at the Elbe River late in World War 2. Communist rally in Paris. A protester holds up a hammer and sickle symbol. A demonstration of protestors in Athens, Greece, and another Communist demonstration in Rome, Italy. Map depicts communist control growing over Central and Eastern Europe early in Cold War. High aerial view of Washington DC with a lower altitude airplane flying over the U.S. Capitol. Exterior view of State Department (Old Executive Office Building) in Washington DC. View of Secretary of State James F Byrnes working at his desk. Byrnes speaks of U.S. role in world affairs while at a conference in Stuttgart, Germany. Scenes from a meeting of the Big Four foreign ministers in 1947. Scenes changes to North Portico of White House. Swearing in ceremony of George C. Marshall as Secretary of State. President Harry S Truman shakes hands with Secretary George Marshall. Night view of London landmark buildings. View of door at No. 10 Downing Street in London. View of brutal winter conditions in Europe in February 1947. Citizens try to dig out a train stuck in snow. Women in line in Britain for a rationed good, still saddled with its own postwar reconstruction. Narrator relates that Britain was unable to continue to provide massive military and economic aid to the Greek regime and appealed to the U.S. to handle the situation. Secretary of State Marshall and President Truman seen talking together in front of a fireplace mantle. Marshall boards aircraft for a visit to Moscow. Truman in a White House meeting, seated at oval table with his advisors and cabinet. Truman addressing joint session of congress on March 12, 1947. He asks for funds for Greece and Turkey. Globe highlights USSR. Door sign reads 'Policy Planning Staff - George F Kennan - Director'. Director Kennan seen at his desk. He advocates a long term, patient but firm and vigilant containment of Russian expansive tendencies. Reconstruction in Europe. Ground level and aerial views of bomb destroyed European cities, and workers cleaning up rubble. Brief scene from the meeting of 16 nations in Paris on July 3, 1947. Scenes from United Nations meeting held in Lake Success New York in September 1947. George Marshall at podium addressing delegates of UN. Russian delegate Andrey Vyshinsky commenting on Marshall Plan. Signing of Marshall Plan agreement by international delegates meeting in Paris in September 1947.
Industrial scenes in America with a factory with smoke from chimneys, a steel factory in operation, views of the tops of railroad train coal cars filled with coal. Secretary of State George Marshall speaks about providing European countries with material and money (Marshall Plan). He is seen speaking to legislators in Washington DC on November 10, 1947, asking for funds for Austria, Italy, and France "to provide the supplies necessary to permit the people of these countries to continue to eat, to work, and to survive the winter." Truman signs an interim aid bill, S 1774 on December 17, 1947. View of Eiffel Tower in Paris and communists marching and demonstrating in France. Communist demonstrations across Europe. Police monitor communist protestors in Italy, and then disperse a crowd of communists. Winston Churchill arrives for peace conference meeting of the Big Four foreign ministers in London in December 1947. Vyascheslav Molotov attends the conference. George Marshall talks with Molotov. View of the Friendship Train in the United States approaching on a railway tracks during its tour. Also a view of the 1947 special exhibit Freedom Train traveling. Citizens board the Freedom Train at one of its stops, to view artifacts and exhibits about American democracy, including a 1823 facsimile of the U.S. Declaration of Independence. Exterior view of U.S. Supreme Court building. Statues at the Supreme Court building. The base is inscribed 'The Heritage of the Past is the Seed that Brings Forth the Harvest of the Future'. A group of American boys and girls are seen reciting the Pledge of Allegiance. A larger group of children reciting the pledge and viewing an American flag fluttering in the wind. View of Mount Rushmore National Memorial, and then another view from the top of the steps of the U.S. Supreme Court building looking outward.
Senate Hearings,1947 in Washington DC. Officials and dignitaries seated for Senate Hearings, 1947. Howard Robard Hughes, Jr. is questioned. He testifies about profits made on war contracts by him before Senate War Investigating Committee. He says that he has not made any profits on war contracts. Views of Hughes and other dignitaries sitting during the hearings.
Senate Hearings,1947 in Washington DC. Officials and dignitaries seated for Senate Hearings, 1947. Mr. Johnson, a businessman, is questioned. He testifies before Senate War Investigating Committee. A memorandum, made by him is passed to Mr Johnson. He reads it and answers. He testifies about the memorandum and is questioned about his conversation with Mr. Nelson. Dignitaries and members of the Congress seated during the hearings.
Firing of a V-2 rocket from White Sands, New Mexico. An XP-84 jet aircraft on a test flight in California. Scenes of devastation in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. An atomic bomb test conducted in Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands. Large smoke cloud rises. Americans expressing disgust with war and confidence in ability to protect against it in future. Newspaper headline about Armistice ending World War I on November 11, 1918. Victory parade in New York City. Close up view of Adolf Hitler as he speaks forcefully to a German audience. V2 rocket being launched in Germany. German Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet rocket plane in flight. Map depicting uranium deposits world wide. An XB-36 bomber in flight with landing gear extended. A huge formation of various warplanes in flight, high overhead. A wartime tank assembly plant. American army troops on parade. A United Nations meeting in session. Peaceful scenes of American soldiers in Hawaii before World War II in the Pacific. Hawaiian Hula dancers. Japanese carrier-based Aichi D3A1 dive bomber in flight during attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941. Bombed U.S. warships and facilities in Pearl Harbor. American Army officer and civilian discussing wisdom of maintaing large standing army. Army recruits are seen in the U.S. Army Universal Military Training Experimental Unit at Fort Knox, in 1947. They are seen in quarters, studying; taking part in sports (baseball); and attending religious services in a base chapel. Several trainees in a field tent, working with numerous tape decks in some kind of military communications activity.
The Universal Military Training Plan for Peace, 1947. A civilian spokesperson stands before a briefing chart entitled "Plan for Peace." He explains the concepts for the program, involving military training for young men immediately after they complete high school.He explains how young men would register and be screened, assigned, and trained under the program. Two college students discuss a requirement to join the Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) under the program. Scene shifts to a U.S. Army officer talking with a civilian about the cost of World War 2. As scens of wartime military production are shown, Narrator interjects that "a full year of Universal Military Training will cost less than three days of war." Scene shifts to Separation Center, Fort Douglas, Utah. U.S. soldiers are seen mustering out. One holds his Honorable discharge certificate. View of marching German soldiers is inserted at this point. Contents of the U.S. Constitution are displayed in plain print, higlighting the part: "...provide for the common defense..." View of college students on a campus. Closeup of Dexter Gate at Harvard College, and three men walking through it into Harvard Yard. ROTC cadet talking with acquaintances about studying rockets. ROTC cadet talking with two middle aged men about unique sounds of airplanes. A B-17 bomber in flight. A C-119 (flying boxcar) aircraft in flight. A formation of B-17s viewed from above with clouds beneath. The XP-84 jet in flight. A V2 rocket being test fired at White Sands, New Mexico.