Division of Vietnam into North and South Vietnam as Indochina war ends up in Vietnam. Aerial view of cratered battle ground, with smoke rising, at Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam, in March, 1954. A French A-26 Invader aircraft flying above some clouds and pilot in cockpit using radio. French paratroops, dropping from C-47 aircraft, and landing, to reinforce troops dug in at Dien Bien Phu. French artillery firing and rounds exploding in the distance. French troops moving through brush, and carrying wounded back out. Citizens on streets of Hanoi, North Vietnam, scrounging for scraps to eat. An old woman hunkered down in a doorway. A mother with a young boy. French troops crossing a bridge as they surrender following the siege at Dien Bien Phu. North Vietnamese troops entering Hanoi. Delegates at the Geneva conference of 1954, in the Palais des Nations, including representatives of the Soviet Union, the United States, France, the United Kingdom, and the People’s Republic of China, among others. Closeup of Soviet delegation, with Foreign Minister, Vyacheslav Molotov, second from left. View of the North Vietnamese delegation, and delegate Ta Quang Buu, Vice Minister of Defense of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam), and Head of their Military Delegation, signing the accords. Closeup of one treaty page, with his signature, as Minister of Defense, and that of Henri, Deltiel, Brigadier General, who signed for the Commander in Chief of all French Forces in Indochina. OUtdoors. After the conference, Soviet Foreign Minister, Molotov shakes hands with Chou En-lai, Chinese Foreign Minister. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister,Andrei Gromyko, wearing a hat, is standing behind Molotov. A long line of refugees fleeing to the South, from North Vietnam. A 1954 map showing the division of North and South Vietnam at the 19th parallel. Mist settled among mountain tops. South Vietnamese people engaged in agricultural pursuits and building new dwellings. South Vietnamese placing ballots in boxes during elections. Brief glimpse of the glamorous Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu, defacto First Lady of South Vietnam, dressed in ao dai and wearing dark glasses, as she leaves a polling place. Farmers dressed in traditional conical hats (non la) working in grain fields, and reaping and carrying cut grain on poles in the South. Beautiful view of fishermen and boats silhouetted against sky, with tall limestone islands in background, at Ha Long Bay, North Vietnam (incorrectly implying it shows South Vietnamese in peaceful pursuits). South Vietnamese at work building structures with concrete blocks. A car with bullet holes in the windshield, draws attention on busy street in South Vietnam. Closeup of murdered man inside on floor of car. Scenes of vandalism at a house. Viet Minh guerillas moving through jungles and setting fires to straw roofed houses. Remains of a destroyed dwelling. Bodies of South Vietnamese killed, according to the narrator, by "Viet Cong pursuasion squads." A framed picture of Ho Chi Minh, over a North Vietnamese star flag.
North Vietnamese Vietminh establishing along the 17th Parallel following the Geneva Accords in 1954. Early morning street scene in Vietnam. Very few people about. A street cleaner at work. Shops lining the street. Many with signs in French. A man rolls a hand cart along the street. Buildings shown. Street sign refers to Grand Boulevard. Cattle walking along a street. Two French soldiers standing and a Vietnamese man sitting in front of a French hospital. An almost empty residential street. An old woman in black squatting in a doorway. Two women outside a barbed wire barrier. One scavenges in leaves on sidewalk. A boy and girl pose. Group of Viet Minh supporters, dressed in black, have difficulty carrying two North Vietnamese flags in a stiff breeze. Vietminh troops marching along a wet road, and across a railroad bridge. Several French officers walking with the leaders of the Vietminh troops. On the other side of the bridge, they pass a parked French armored car. Back on the bridge, a translater introduces a French officer to two Viet Minh Commanders who shake hands with him. North Vietnamese school children march through a makeshift Vietminh gateway and cross a railroad track. Others march alongside a railroad. A teacher and some students carry Vietminh flags. A brisk wind is blowing. The Vietnamese people gather in an open market place, near a river (possibly the Ben Hai River), where the Vietminh flag is flown. Villager placing Vietminh flag on her house. Many Vietminh flags flying. A market stall displaying pictures of Ho Chi Minh and Mao Zedong (aka Mao Tse-tung) for sale. Group of children pose by the pictures. Street scene in a town. Vietnamese people on sidewalks near shops. Signs are in French, but Vietminh flags fly on shops. The Lycee Albert Sarraut lyceum building in Hanoi, Vietnam. Vietnamese youth entering the school.
A field in mountainous region in Vietnam. A North Vietnamese flag flies. Soldiers checking a jeep at a check post. 'Post De Controle Halte' written on a board at the post. A man wears arm band reading 'Bao Chi ' in Vietnamese and "press" in English. Press photographers and journalists with Vietnamese soldiers. A shade house and jeeps parked out side. Jeeps painted with "Dien-Bien-Phu" and (7-5-1954) . Soldiers sitting around a table for meeting. Soldiers stand as delegates arrive. A photographer takes pictures from background. Name plates of Colonel Lennuyeux and Van Tien Dung lie on the table. All persons take seats. Colonel Lennuyeux stands and speaks during the meeting. All clap. Photographers take photos. Two men light cigarettes from a flame.
Battle of Khe Sanh between January 1968 to April 1968. Valley of Khe Sanh surrounded by mountains. Military jeep moves on road. Wounded marine carried on litter. Bomb explodes near plane. Supplies at airbase. The American flag on a mountain. David E Lownds, Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, Commanding Officer, Khe Sanh, speaks. The Colonel explains the location of battle with help of a model. Bombs dropped on mountains. Marines fire artillery. Airfield prepared at Khe Sanh. Marines dig trenches. Marines patrol in woods. American planes in flight. U.S. officers look at map on light table. General William gets into helicopter at airbase. Bell UH-1B Iroquois Huey helicopter lands after short flight. U.S. officers leave the helicopter. General William and marines check the location. Marines examine the map on light tables. Sign reads 'Welcome to Khe Sanh Matcu 62 Airfield'. Marines board plane with supplies. Supplies dropped by small parachutes from planes in flight. French paratroopers land in the same area during 1954. French advance with heavy artillery but did not win the war. Armistice signed by leaders in Geneva. Marines in sandbag bunkers at Khe Sanh. Colonel Lownds speaks. Marines move through jungle. Aircraft on bombing run. Explosions at Khe Sanh. Heavy artillery attack by North Vietnam at Khe Sanh and smoke rises from explosions. American B-52 planes in flight.
April 22, 1954. First open session of Senate permanent subcommittee on investigations in response to charges filed by the U.S. Army on April 13, 1954, concerning improper actions by Senator McCarthy and staff to obtain special treatment for Private G. David Schine, U.S. Army. Seen before start of session are Army Generals Lucius Clay and Alfred Gruenther. Senator Karl Mundt presiding, calls the session to order. Among those seen are Senator Edward Dirksen, second person to the Chairman's right, and Senator Charles E. Potter to Dirksen's right. Senator John L. McClelland sits to Chairman Mundt's left. Senator Joseph McCarthy and his counsel, Roy Cohn, are at the end of the table. At end of clip McCarthy states for the record that "there is no contest between Senator McCarthy and the Department of the Army, and that all that Senator McCarthy has been trying to do is to expose the Communists who have infiltrated the Department of the Army -- a very small percentage."
Footage of baseball's 1954 All-Star Game at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland, Ohio. Views of the nearly 70,000 in attendance, many in white shirts. Baseball commissioner Ford Frick smokes a cigarette. American League president Will Harridge nods to the camera. American League manager Casey Stengel (L) shakes hands with National League manager Walter Alston before the game. National League players stand on top step of dugout. Good closeups of four NL stars: Stan Musial, Jackie Robinson, Duke Snider and Roy Campanella. American League players stand on top step of their dugout. Good closeups of three AL stars: Mickey Mantle, Ted Williams and Yogi Berra. More views of crowd. Closeup of Cleveland Indians third baseman Al Rosen. Rosen (#7) hits home run, scoring himself and Berra. The Cincinnati Reds' Gus Bell (#25) counters with a home run for the National League, scoring himself and Mays. Fans scramble for the ball. Red Schoendist of the St. Louis Cardinals tries to steal home but is called out by the umpire. National League coach Leo Durocher vehemently argues the call to no avail. Later, Nellie Fox of the Chicago White Sox (#2) gets hit to drive in two runs. American League would win the game 11-9.