A man dresses during Annual Parade in South Vietnam. This celebration is in honor of the Trung Sisters. Girls in parade in different uniforms. The dignitaries on chairs. A sign on the Hospital building. Injured girls on beds in the hospital after being attacked by Vietcong forces during the 1961 parade. Viet Cong guerrillas held captive.
Illustrated map and a route on map from North to South Vietnam used by Viet Cong.
Major events around the world in the year 1961, causing international tensions and crisis after crisis. A large crowd runs on roads during riots in Cairo caused by death of African anti-colonial leader Patrice Lumumba. Fidel Castro strengthens his regime in Cuba. Castro addresses a large crowd of his supporters. Warfare splits newly formed nation of Congo. A leader waves hands towards crowd of his supporters. Soldiers fire rifles and advance cautiously in grasslands of Laos and South Vietnam during Vietnam War. War between brothers in Algeria. Soldiers fight on streets of a town.
American aid to South Vietnam during the Vietnam War. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, speaking at a Gettysburg College commencement, on April 4, 1959, notes, among other things, that the cost of defending freedom must be paid in many places. And he mentions Berlin,Vietnam,and the Middle East. Scene shifts to South Vietnam where recruits are being signed up for its armed forces. Glimpse of a U.S. Army Lieutenant advisor, in sunglasses, smoking a pipe, on a crowded street. Local people in the area. Scene shifts to 1960. Two U.S. Army Ranger advisors, in full brim hats (3214D-M41), stand near as a contingent of Montagnard troops boards a train. View from armed guard standing on front of train as it travels along a single rail in deserted area. A sudden explosion occurs on the train track about 100 yards ahead. Next machine gun fire is seen coming from an armored gun turret on the train. View from inside the armored compartment, as the gun fires, spraying the surrounding area with bullets, creating two explosions nearby. South Vietnamese soldiers (ARVN) pursuing enemy in wooded areas. One, down deep in underbrush, is firing a machine gun. Several others are engaging enemy with small arms. Huts being blown up. ARVN troops returning from an engagement, carrying wounded on stretchers. Year, 1961, and an official American Government airplane is seen. It carries General Maxwell Taylor (in mufti) who was sent by President John F. Kennedy. Taylor is seen being interviewed on the airport ramp. A U.S. Air Force officer training young Vietnamese pilot trainees. A Vietnamese student pilot in a T-28 training airplane.
Views of the Berlin Wall under construction in 1961. West Berlin street scene, contrasted to scenes of East Berlin across the border, still showing unrepaired damage from World War II and otherwise lacking development. Views of East German border guards retrieving the body of Gunter Litfin from the River Spree, after his unsuccessful attempt to flee East Germany. A floral tribute to Ida Siekmann, on barbed wire at the border. View of forests in mists. Refugees with their belongings walking from East Germany over a bridge to West Berlin. View of Tempelhof airfield in Berlin. A C-54 transport airplane taking off. Buildings along the border of East and West Berlin with windows cemented shut along the Berlin Wall. Barbed wire at the border. Armed East German border guards across the border. Views of the Berlin wall border wall. Views of the moon, and stars. Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union,making a forceful point while speaking at a meeting of the General Assembly of the United Nations, in New York, in October,1960. Seated beside him is Andrei Andreyevich Gromyko, Soviet Foreign Minister. U.S. President John F. Kennedy addressing the UN. U.S. Sailors helping Vietnam refugees from an open stake truck. U.S. soldiers attacking and firing machine guns in Korean War. Two U.S. warships at sea. A physician attending a patient. U.S. representative providing advice and assistance to foreign farmers. The Washington Monument, in Washington, DC. Statue of Lincoln in the Lincoln Memorial, in Washington, DC. The Jefferson Memorial. Statue of Thomas Jefferson.
Delegates of China, Germany, France, Italy, United Kingdom and United States walk on the ramp during the 1961 Miss World Competition. Large audience cheers the participants. Miss United Kingdom, Rose Marie Franklin wins the competition and is crowned by Hollywood star Bob Hope. Winner and runners-up pose for photographs.
During Berlin Crisis in 1961. Scene of a street in East Berlin, Germany. A man stands on the West side of Berlin, clicks photo of East Berlin. A policeman disturbs and blocks him with a mirror. People of East Berlin go with their few possessions escaping to West Berlin. Military trucks parked on East Berlin side. People wave handkerchiefs. A young man loads his luggage in a truck. People on the East Berlin side with their possessions. An east German policeman reflects with a mirror to prevent cameras from recording the escape attempts. People on the West Berlin side watch a water hose sprayed at them to deter onlookers. A man sits on a truck and clicks photos as water is sprayed on him and the truck is forced to move on. Smoke or tear gas bomb comes from East Berlin side and men throw them back. Smoke seen everywhere. The escape of Frieda Schulz is seen from her apartment building at the border, on Bernauer Strasse. She is seen hanging from a window, still held on her arm from above by an east German official, until the receiving west German crowd from below pulls on her leg hard enough to free her, and she falls into a waiting net. Another woman is seen preparing to leap from a fifth floor window. She leaps (not seen) and is caught by firemen with a waiting net. Next, her husband is seen pushing some baggage through the window with valuables, and then he is seen leaping from the window into a waiting net held by firemen on the West Berlin side. Work goes on for building the Berlin Wall. Giant bulldozer drops dirt on ground as it razes home along the border of the Berlin Wall, and as a wide ditch is built to prevent escape by vehicle. People cut hole in barbed wire and are seen escaping to the West German side. Policemen and others help them as they get through. East Berlin police arrive and stop more people from escaping. A man and two young women are seen after they successfully escape through the barbed wire to West Berlin side.