A man dresses during Annual Parade in South Vietnam. This celebration is in honor of the Trung Sisters. Girls in parade in different uniforms. The dignitaries on chairs. A sign on the Hospital building. Injured girls on beds in the hospital after being attacked by Vietcong forces during the 1961 parade. Viet Cong guerrillas held captive.
Illustrated map and a route on map from North to South Vietnam used by Viet Cong.
Major events around the world in the year 1961, causing international tensions and crisis after crisis. A large crowd runs on roads during riots in Cairo caused by death of African anti-colonial leader Patrice Lumumba. Fidel Castro strengthens his regime in Cuba. Castro addresses a large crowd of his supporters. Warfare splits newly formed nation of Congo. A leader waves hands towards crowd of his supporters. Soldiers fire rifles and advance cautiously in grasslands of Laos and South Vietnam during Vietnam War. War between brothers in Algeria. Soldiers fight on streets of a town.
American aid to South Vietnam during the Vietnam War. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, speaking at a Gettysburg College commencement, on April 4, 1959, notes, among other things, that the cost of defending freedom must be paid in many places. And he mentions Berlin,Vietnam,and the Middle East. Scene shifts to South Vietnam where recruits are being signed up for its armed forces. Glimpse of a U.S. Army Lieutenant advisor, in sunglasses, smoking a pipe, on a crowded street. Local people in the area. Scene shifts to 1960. Two U.S. Army Ranger advisors, in full brim hats (3214D-M41), stand near as a contingent of Montagnard troops boards a train. View from armed guard standing on front of train as it travels along a single rail in deserted area. A sudden explosion occurs on the train track about 100 yards ahead. Next machine gun fire is seen coming from an armored gun turret on the train. View from inside the armored compartment, as the gun fires, spraying the surrounding area with bullets, creating two explosions nearby. South Vietnamese soldiers (ARVN) pursuing enemy in wooded areas. One, down deep in underbrush, is firing a machine gun. Several others are engaging enemy with small arms. Huts being blown up. ARVN troops returning from an engagement, carrying wounded on stretchers. Year, 1961, and an official American Government airplane is seen. It carries General Maxwell Taylor (in mufti) who was sent by President John F. Kennedy. Taylor is seen being interviewed on the airport ramp. A U.S. Air Force officer training young Vietnamese pilot trainees. A Vietnamese student pilot in a T-28 training airplane.
Views of the Berlin Wall under construction in 1961. West Berlin street scene, contrasted to scenes of East Berlin across the border, still showing unrepaired damage from World War II and otherwise lacking development. Views of East German border guards retrieving the body of Gunter Litfin from the River Spree, after his unsuccessful attempt to flee East Germany. A floral tribute to Ida Siekmann, on barbed wire at the border. View of forests in mists. Refugees with their belongings walking from East Germany over a bridge to West Berlin. View of Tempelhof airfield in Berlin. A C-54 transport airplane taking off. Buildings along the border of East and West Berlin with windows cemented shut along the Berlin Wall. Barbed wire at the border. Armed East German border guards across the border. Views of the Berlin wall border wall. Views of the moon, and stars. Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union,making a forceful point while speaking at a meeting of the General Assembly of the United Nations, in New York, in October,1960. Seated beside him is Andrei Andreyevich Gromyko, Soviet Foreign Minister. U.S. President John F. Kennedy addressing the UN. U.S. Sailors helping Vietnam refugees from an open stake truck. U.S. soldiers attacking and firing machine guns in Korean War. Two U.S. warships at sea. A physician attending a patient. U.S. representative providing advice and assistance to foreign farmers. The Washington Monument, in Washington, DC. Statue of Lincoln in the Lincoln Memorial, in Washington, DC. The Jefferson Memorial. Statue of Thomas Jefferson.
Christmas time advertisement for U.S. Savings Bonds. Interior of a house decorated for Christmas, with Christmas tree and toy train running on a table. Actress Donna Reed walks to the table, stops the train and holds up a December 1958 U.S. Savings Bond. She speaks about the Savings Bond, places it on a toy train car, and starts the train. As the train moves along the track, it passes signs reflecting successive passing time increments: Dec 1961 (three years), Dec 1964 (3 more years), and Aug 1968 (3 more years and 8 months). By staying on track to maturity, the bond is worth much more. Donna Reed notes this and suggests Savings Bonds as a Christmas gift. She closes by wishing everyone a Merry Christmas. (Note: The original maturity period for a Series E Bond was 10 years. But the U.S. Government reduced it to 9 years and 8 months, in 1952. That revised maturity period is reflected in this advertisement.) (Additional note: The trains are by Lionel, and include "The General" locomotive, a New York Central boxcar, a Lionel flatcar, and Lionel Lines caboose.)
Newsreel clip on Minnesota welcoming major league baseball to the state in April 1961. Exterior views of Metropolitan Stadium, the home of the new Minnesota Twins. Banner reads "The Minnesota Twins Welcome You." Announcer notes team is playing in Bloomington, seven miles from each of the state's two major cities, Minneapolis and St. Paul. View of 25,000 spectators, most bundled up for a chilly day, inside stadium for the home opener against the Washington Senators. Those on hand include baseball commissioner Ford Frick, American League president Joe Cronin, and Minnesota Governor Elmer Andersen. Announcer notes the previous Washington team moved to Minnesota and was replaced with a new Senators team in Washington. Dignitaries walk on field trailed by Minnesota manager Cookie Lavagetto and Washington manager Mickey Vernon. Dignitaries raise the American flag. Governor Andersen kisses a baseball and throws out the ceremonial first pitch. Announcer notes Twins lost this game, but says "Who cares?" because Minnesota is in the big leagues.