United States Senator Nye in Washington DC. U.S. Senator Nye denounces war. As the Chairman of the Munitions Investigating Committee he declares commercial interests want another large European war to serve their greedy interests . He states his belief that adequate neutrality legislation will keep the country at peace. The Neutrality Act of 1935 was signed on August 31, 1935.
View from hains Point, East Potomac Park, of boats in the Washington Channel. Buildings on opposite shore and Washington Monument visible in background. An official boarding a small ferry craft manned by U.S. sailors, on Potomac River shore of the park. Spectators watching the 1935 President's Cup speed boat races from Hains Point. A large yacht is anchored in the Potomac River, as competing boats pass it during the race.(The hydroplane speedboat,"Notre Dame,"powered by a 24-cylinder Duesenberg engine, won the 1935 President's Cup,for owner, Herb Mendelson and driver, Clell Perry.) Equestrians ride horses on park trails,and cross a road,as automobile pauses for them, with Lincoln Memorial in background. Bicycles in a rack and a woman riding a stationary exercise bike. People riding bicycles along Hains Point path.
Provisions of the Social Security Act, 1935 in the United States. The Capitol of the United States, in Washington, DC. Scenes of Americans suffering during the Great Depression. Industrial plants closing putting people out of work. Unemployed and needy Americans lined up for a meal at a soup kitchen. The Social Security Act,1935 its provisions provides immediate aid to the needy, aged, blind and dependent children. A diagrammatic presentation depicts: the procedure by which the jobless and needy will receive monthly income through joint cooperation of the Federal and the State Governments. A postman hands over monthly income to a blind man and a dependent child at their house. Other provision of the act is the Old Age Benefits. A diagrammatic presentation depicts: the procedure by which the worker will receive benefits at the age of 65 years. To apply for a Social Security Account Number, one has to fill out an application and deposit it at any labor organization or post office. Animation shows how one fills out an application. At a post office, officers assist a man in filling out his application. Workers receiving their social security cards from their employers: a soda jerk at a soda fountain receives his and shows it. A man and a woman show theirs. A boss gives a factory worker his new social security card, along with his pay envelope. A man working at a bench receives his from his employer. A projectionist in a movie theater projection booth receives his card from his employer. A number of the cards is shown. An older retired man and woman are shown relaxing at home by their fireplace.
The background of World War II. German Hitler Youth children march with rifles, flags and a band beneath a camp entrance named Nordmark Lager 1935. Flag with Nazi symbol. Japanese flag and Japanese youth march in military exercises, followed by teenage Japanese forces. Italian fascist troops in uniform march in Torino Italy led by a band. Views of various German and Nazi forces parade and goose step in various cities. Units include brownshirts, Storm Troopers, Wehrmacht. Civilians give a salute. Mostly sad looking men women and children watch the parades. The world globe. U.S. Capitol Building in Washington DC. French, Japanese and United States dignitaries attend the Washington Disarmament Conference or Washington Naval Conference at Memorial Continental Hall in Washington DC in 1921. View of the Washington Naval Treaty naval fleet reduction treaty book with signatures on it. Officials sign the Nine-Power Treaty that guarantees the integrity of China (per the John Hay "Open Door Policy"). Japanese delegation is shown at signing ceremony for the Nine-Power Treaty. Next scene shows 1928 signing ceremony in Paris of the Kellogg-Briand Pact renouncing war as a means of settling international disputes. French Foreign Minister Aristide Briand is seen speaking, and American Secretary of State Frank Kellogg is also seen at the treaty signing which was signed by 47 nations including Germany and Japan. In a 1930 scene, U.S. Secretary of State, Henry Stimson hands the London Naval Treaty to President Herbert Hoover. Scene of a U.S. Navy ship being blown up and scrapped in accordance with the treaty terms. View of American citizens in small town parades with floats marching as anti-war and isolationist groups.
Aerial view of Washington Monument, mall, Lincoln Memorial, Memorial Bridge, across the Potomac River, in distance. Repairs are being undertaken, on the Washington Monument, including replacement of lightning rods on its top. Scaffolding surrounds the structure and working facilities can be seen at the base.
Hard times in the Great Depression led to formation of The Bonus Army. American veterans of World War 1 march on streets of Washington DC, carrying a large poster demanding immediate cash redemption their "bonus" service certificates awarded by Congress in 1924 (but not lawfully payable until 1945). Army Chief of Staff, General Douglas MacArthur, ordered by President Hoover, to clear the Bonus Army encampments, is seen standing in a street surrounded by several U.S. Army troops. People watch from sidewalks as a contingent of U.S. Army cavalry rides down the street. U.S. Army M-1917 tanks roll down Pennsylvania Avenue in July 1932. Bonus marchers and others watch from Lafayette Park in background. Scene shifts to the 1932 Democratic Party Convention in Chicago Stadium, Chicago, where delegates cheer after nominating Franklin D. Roosevelt as their Presidential candidate. Roosevelt seen waving from the podium. Migrant farm workers seen at temporary, dilapidated dwellings in close quarters, and sitting at a campfire, some with sad and desperate faces. Migrant farm workers' cars on the road, piled high with family belongings during westward migration. Migrants riding atop an open railroad freight car. Two men share a copy of the "Epic News" newspaper (published by supporters of Upton Sinclair and the End Poverty Movement in Los Angeles and central California). Narrator describes programs of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) and the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Construction workers ignite demolition charges during construction of Boulder Dam (aka Hoover Dam and officially so-named in 1947). Glimpse of President Roosevelt at the site in an open car, for its dedication on September 30, 1935. Construction workers engaged in building the dam. Another shot of President Roosevelt in his open car. Towers being erected to carry electric power from the dam's hydroelectric generators. President Franklin D. Roosevelt smiling broadly at the formal dedication ceremony, September 30, 1935. Controlled discharges of water through the dam. Views of the Boulder Dam hydroelectric generating station. Oil well rigs or oil derricks at work during construction at night. People at work in fabric mills or textile mills, and in a print shop