Weimar, Germany during World War 2. A castle atop a hill. Officials and dignitaries visit the castle. They take a tour through the hallways. Elderly men explore the castle. Pillars, arches and other characteristic architecture. A garden at the castle. Reich Minister of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda Joseph Goebbels addresses German writers and artists in Weimar. The guests seated in a hall hear his speech. The German Swastika symbol on stage.
Rise of fascism in Germany and Italy due to economic and social unrest in the wake of World War 1. Animated map of Japan, Germany and its neighboring countries, and Italy. Views of Italian Fascist "Black Shirts" marching bearing flags, and rendering fascist salutes. Fascists participating in the famous "March on Rome" in October, 1922. Spectators line the sidewalks and side of the road. Brief (jerky) views of unrest in Italy following World War I, due to unemployment and hard times. People getting food at an outdoor soup kitchen. Fascists promising better times are seen parading and riding in jammed open cars. Benito Mussolini, who was elected to Parliament in 1921, is seen in a top hat, arms akimbo, standing with other officials. Glimpse of Black Shirts marching. Back to Mussolini, again, who now makes some remarks to those standing with him and expresses himself with exaggerated body language. Another glimpse of Black Shirts marching. Film transitions to Germany, where Adolf Hitler is seen walking through a dense crowd of supporters. Hitler's clothes resemble a military uniform. Next, scenes illustrating the terrible post-World War 1 hyperinflation suffered by Germany during the Weimar Republic. Various banknotes and currency in ridiculous denominations are shown. People trying to buy groceries during this period. German militaristic marchers. Fascists giving arm salutes as they parade in a city street. General Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg (who is also President of Germany) is seen standing in front of Germany's top military leaders. Directly behind him is Marshal August von Mackensen, in a fur busby hat with Totenkopf (death head) insignia. Other Generals wear pickelhaube spiked helmets. Hindenburg's closest associate, General Erich Ludendorff stands just behind and to the left of Hindenburg. Glimpse of German soldiers in more modern uniforms. Next, Hindenburg is seen reviewing troops in the company of their commander. Next, Hitler is seen with a group of German civilian industrialists whose interests he promises to support. Alfred Krupp Jr. sits, with his legs crossed, next to Hitler. Glimpse of Hitler, in uniform, waving from a window. People running as a cadre of mounted police canter in formation down the street.
Concentration camps in Germany. Male survivors at Buchenwald concentration camp in Weimar, Germany. Red Cross trucks from Switzerland arrive at the camp. Male survivors leave the camp. Bodies of dead inmates lay on ground with nationality and prison number tattooed on their stomachs. Male survivors from various European countries. Starved and feeble bodies of the victims. Dead bodies piled up outside the crematory. Pile of dead onto a truck. One of the weapons used by the SS guards upon the prisoners. A number of ovens at the crematory. The name of the firm on the oven door. A heap of bone ash.
Nazi concentration camps in Germany. Buchenwald Concentration Camp in Germany. German civilians from nearby city of Weimar heading towards the camp for a forced tour, soon after the camp's liberation during World War II. Women laugh and talk as they walk on road. Elevated view from camp building looking down on main courtyard of camp as group of German citizens is led across the square. Line of citizens entering the camp through the main gate, as seen from just inside the main gate. The group looks at exhibits of lampshades and frames made of human skin. Evidence of Nazi atrocities including two shrunken heads of holocaust victims being shown to the German citizens. A civilian woman who has fainted is carried away. Civilians are forced to look at a prisoner whose toes are gone or removed, and whose feet are severly deformed by abuse and neglect. A horse cart heaped with dead bodies of emaciated camp victims is seen outside a camp building. German women walk out crying. Liberated prisoners stand at camp fences and watch as the citizens leave the camp.
A U.S. Congressional group at Buchenwald concentration camp in Weimar, Germany during World War II. Officers speak to senators at the concentration camp. The senators walk and view stack of naked bodies. Senator Alben William Barkley stands next to a pile of bodies.
A U.S. Congressional group at Buchenwald concentration camp in Weimar, Germany during World War II. Negro soldiers talk with a group of senators. U.S. Army General Omar Nelson Bradley talks with the senators. The senatorial group is met by U.S. Army Lieutenant General Walter Bedell Smith at an airfield. U.S. Army General Dwight David Eisenhower and the senators come out of building. Officers enter a car.