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Weimer Germany 1945 stock footage and images

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Citizens of Weimer, Germany forced to view Buchenwald Concentration Camp during World War II.

United States soldiers in Germany during World War II. Freed prisoners of Buchenwald concentration camp seated on the ground and cooking food over open fires. Numerous German citizens of Weimar forced, under armed guard, to walk through the grounds of Buchenwald Concentration Camp where dead are piled up in a truck in a courtyard and against a wall of a building. A crematorium in the background. Some of the citizens show anguish and horror at the sights.

Date: 1945, April
Duration: 2 min 44 sec
Sound: No
Color: Color
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
Civilians of Weimer visit the inmates and shocked by atrocities at Buchenwald concentration camp of Nazis, after World War II.

The Buchenwald concentration camp of the Nazis after World War II. Red Cross trucks and relief from Switzerland reach the concentration camp. Among the 2000 survivors of this camp, almost a 1000 are boys of age fourteen or less. The weak, starved and tortured inmates from various European countries, at the camp. Old men and children at the camp. Stacks of dead bodies at crematory, in a truck and at the experimental building. All have prisoner number and nationality tattooed on their stomach. A weapon used for torturing. Crematory ovens with bones and remains of dead inside the ovens. 1200 civilians of a town Weimar nearby the camp sent on a forced tour of the camp. A group of smiling civilians, men and women walk towards the camp. Civilians enter the camp and see the display of articles made of human skin. Lampshades, paintings and articles of human skin and bones. Human heads shrunk to one fifth of their normal size. Women faint and are carried out. Civilians visit the ill-conditions of prisoners at surviving sections of the camp. Truckloads of dead bodies of the victims of this camp.

Date: 1945
Duration: 6 min 28 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Germany under Paul Von Hindenburg during World War I and Adolf Hitler during World War II.

'Sieg im Westen' (Victory in the West) depicts Germany in World War I, and the first phase of German assault on France and the Low Countries during World War II. German troops swear loyalty to Nazi germany Fuhrer Adolf Hitler. Panoramic views of the German countryside. Mountains, farmers harvesting crops, German cities, a cathedral, steel mills and coal mines. German troops reviewed at a colonial post. German troops advance during World War I. German President Paul Von Hindenburg and Generalquartiermeister (Quartermaster general) Erich Ludendorff. Animated maps depict powers allied with and arrayed against Germany in WW I, the extent of German advances, and the effect of the Versailles Treaty on Germany's borders. Forts are demolished, cannon and hangars destroyed, ships scuttled, and planes junked. German communists arouse crowds. Communist literature, montage demonstrates hyperinflation during the Weimer Republic. Inflated price posted on food. German Fuhrer Adolf Hitler reviews storm troops. Paul Von Hindenberg reviews German troops. German troops train with wooden tanks. French Prime Minister Andre Leon Blum and other officers review a military parade at Champ-Elysees in Paris. Troops march before the Arc de Triomphe. Paul Von Hindenberg appoints Adolf Hitler Reichchancellor. Hitler spades some earth, men build factories, war material production begins, and concrete is laid for an autobahn (freeway). (This clip is the first in a consecutive series of clips comprising the entirety of the production "Sieg Im Westen")

Date: 1940
Duration: 7 min 29 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
History of Berlin before and after World War II showing zones of occupation and poor living conditions post-war.

Nazi soldiers at attention with guns drawn in Berlin during World War 2. U.S. soldiers on watch from damaged Berlin building. Man watching Berlin wall with binoculars while sitting in car. Pan American passenger airplane in flight after the war. Pan American passenger reading Time and other magazines. Aerial view of Berlin early 1960s. Pan American plane landing at Tempelhof Airport. Pan American passengers descending to tarmac under sign that reads, "Today Pan American has completed 93153 Transatlantic Crossings" Brandenburg Gate early 1960s. Drive through Brandenburg Gate in the 1920s. Drive through Berlin in the 1920s. Tourist bus flying American flag departs in Berlin 1920s. Berlin University 1920s. Early Nazis driving in Berlin streets. Hitler saluting parade. Hitler addressing Germans. Berlin in ruins Spring 1945 as tanks pass in front of Brandenburg Gate. Old starving woman walks on streets of Berlin amist ruins in 1945. Ruins of Berlin include Reichstag Building during 1945 battle. Women and children emerging from underground Berlin bunker in 1945, to a scene of devastation and rubble in the city. Ground view of the ruined Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche or Gedächtniskirche). Interior of ruined Reichstag Building. Potsdam Conference 1945, Map of WWII Europe. Berlin map, including official Berlin map with signatures showing Zones of Occupation. Germany allied control authority gathering including American, British, and Soviet representatives. French, American, Soviet flags in Germany. Rebuilding of Berlin mostly by women clearing rubble, using shovels, wheelbarrows and cleaning old bricks for reuse. Over crowded train in Germany post-WWII filled with civilian refugees abandoning the cities and heading to the countryside of Germany to resettle.

Date: 1945
Duration: 7 min 15 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Nazi Party ceremonial grandeur is contrasted to the horrors perpetrated under the 3rd Reich

6th Nazi Party Congress at Nuremberg, in 1934, featuring a "Totenehrung" ceremony, honouring dead. Nazi SA ( Sturmabteilung) and SS (Schutzstaffel) troops in precise formations fill the Zeppelin Field Luitpold Arena , leaving only a wide pathway to the Ehrenhalle war memorial. View from behind honor guard standing at the Ahrenhalle, as Adolf Hitler, flanked by SS leader, Heinrich Himmler (in Black) and Viktor Lutze, head of the Sturmabteilung (SA), approach. Three huge banners with swastikas are seen in the far background. Scene shifts to 1945. American troops are now assenbled at the main grandstand (Ehrentribüne) of Zeppelin Field. The American flag covers the wreathed swatstika sculpture at the top of the Grandstand. View of German soldiers, who have been mustered out, mingling with civilians in a town. Some speak with an American soldier, who is part of the U.S. occupying force. Scene shifts to the Yalta conference in February, 1945. Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin are seen seated while their most senior military staff members stand in the background. Allied leaders sit around a large conference table. U.S. Secretary of State James F. Byrnes, sits near Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Scene shifts back to Nazi era. Joseph Goebbels, Reichminister of Propaganda is haranguing a crowd. In contrast, German soldiers are seen conversing with occupying American soldiers. This is contrasted with more scenes of Nazi leaders giving empassioned speeches to a hall filled with Nazi faithful. German soldiers, prisoners of war are seen directed by U.S. military police, behind a barbed wiire enclosure. Large numbersof German prisoners of war in an open holding area. Closeups of some. Bucolic scenes of farmers working in fiields and herds of sheep and cattle. Hitler haranguing an audience of rapt listeners. German civilians standing quietly in a group. (Narrator refers them being the people of Beethoven, Goethe, and Martin Luther, as statues of those iconic Gernmans are shown.) In dramatic contrast, numerous dead bodies of victims are being shown to German citizens by American troops, at Nordhausen, Buchenwald, and Belsen concentration camps. This is contrasted against views of German people folk dancing in traditional costumes, German contributions to science (view of Albert Einstein speaking) and industry (view of professional glass blowers at work). Glaring contrast shows German civilians moving the body of a concentration camp victim; several civilians beubg shot dead by a firning squad (unseen); Rudolf Himmler; and an image Germany being destroyed, as result of the Nazis. American sooldiers are loosely assenbled in an open field. by the Elbe River at Torgau, Germany on 26 April 1945. American and Russian officers greet each other at the site, where their armies have met in World War 2. American ans Russian soldiers mingle and greet one another. Views of Allied forces entiering Germany. Another scene of victims' bodies stacked at a concentration camp. French soldiers examine stake where prisoners were tied and executed in the Gestapo headquarters on Paris France. Other views of the Gestapo prison, where victims were buried. Examples of torture devices used to coerce information from prisoners. More views of stacked bodies of victims. Germans carrying bodies from a condentration camp. General Dwitht D. Eisenhower and General George Patton visiting the Ohrdruf Concentration Camp. Burned remains of victims. Closeup of General Patton. German officials and citizens confronting horror as they are compelled to walk through the camp. A huge wagon loaded with bodies of the dead. Gernan women appalled and repelled by the sights. Countless numbers of dead victims covering a large courtyard. German citizens compelled to carry body of a victim from the yard. Others carrying bodies of victims. Large numbers of Gernan citizens , seemingly shamed and remorseful at the revelations. A group of Gernnan men carrying shovels and others carrying crosses to commence burying the victims appropriately. Men carrying victims bodies in open wooden caskets along a road llined with spectators. Coffins of victims laid out in a cemetery. (Narrator alludes to them never forgetting.) German men gently place covered coffins in a long mass grave. .

Date: 1945
Duration: 6 min 52 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
Allies demand the unconditional surrender of Japan in World War II. Entry of Soviets and use of atomic bomb ends the war.

Representatives of three nations, seated around table at Potsdam Conference held at Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany. British prime minister, Clement Attlee; President of United States, Harry Truman; and representative of Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945. They deliver an ultimatum of unconditional surrender to Japan. Swarms of B-29 bombers and Aircraft Carrier Task Forces destroy Japanese homeland. Planes on carrier decks.Navy Grumman carrier-based TBF aircraft dropping bombs.. Destruction of ships at sea. Mushroom cloud due to atomic bombing. Chart depicts the power of one atomic bomb. Britain's 'grand slam' bomb, most destructive conventional bomb ever produced. Doctor Ernest Orlando Lawrence, inventor of the cyclotron (atom smashing machine). A man works at the Cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. General Leslie Groves, head of the project speaks. He is seated with Dr Vannevar Bush, government director of science and research, and Dr Richard Tolman, technical expert. Quantities of uranium shipped from Alberta, Canada are used in bombs. The atomic bomb process (Manhattan Project) is developed in widely separated areas; scenes from Hanford Project plant in Richmond, Washington. Project personnel exit cars and enter into the search area. Lieutenant colonel Franklin T Matthias with the army corps of engineers, appointed to the Hanford Project. Sign of 'Oak Ridge' in Tennessee. Largest of the three atomic bomb plants located near the TVA dam. Employed personnel in atomic bomb plants. Man and woman employees at the plan read a Knoxville Journal newspaper in August 1945 with headline "Power of Oak Ridge Atomic Bomb hits Japs". View of dense prefabricated home communities to house large number of Oak Ridge plant workers. View of families setting up their houses in trailer towns after the prefabricated homes were full. People come out from the Henebry's Jewelers and super market. Joseph Stalin at conference. Russian artillery and troops in a parade at Red Square in Moscow, Russia (these parade scenes are from the May 1, 1945 May Day parade, just days before Germany's surrender). President Harry Truman reports on the latest developments regarding the war with Japan. He states that the United States is prepared to destroy every productive enterprise in Japan and the U.S. shall completely destroy its power to make war. He warns of an attack by the U.S. due to the rejection of the July 26th ultimatum at Potsdam. He warns that Japan "should expect a rain of ruin from the air; the like of which has never been seen on this earth." Truman notes that it will be followed by an unprecedented sea and land invasion of Japan.

Date: 1945, August 9
Duration: 4 min 57 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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