Rally of communists and youth in East Berlin. Small socialist flag on table. A boy reads during a rally. Historical view of parade by German soldiers in 1930's Berlin Germany. Russian tanks repel people on streets during anti-Communist protest of 1953. Aerial view of Brandenburg Gate area and refugees fleeing in thousands from East Berlin to West Berlin. Revitalized West Berlin, with new construction. A building in construction and another new building seen. Modern stores with show windows displaying abundant goods including cameras and foods. People at a a busy food or deli counter and in sidewalk cafes and restaurants. Busy streets of West Berlin with early 1960s automobiles. Enduring flame monument in West Berlin Inscription on the pedestal reads 'Freiheit Recht Freide' meaning Freedom, Rights, Peace. At a conference with allies including Britain in 1960 Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev walks down steps and gets into car. British Prime Minister Harold MacMillan with others walks down steps. Animated Khrushchev addresses gathering in Russian, forcefully and defiantly. MacMillan responds encouraging peaceful negotiations and no force. Newly elected Mayor Willy Brandt of West Berlin addresses people. United States President John F Kennedy with Premier Khrushchev, Secretary of State Dean Rusk and others at meeting in Vienna Austria. British flag at Headquarters of Berlin British Sector. Military police jeep stops near a sign. Soldier looks through binoculars at East West border of Berlin before Berlin Wall was substantial. During free elections in West Berlin people put their vote in ballot box. Box opened and counting of votes progresses. People see results on board. Nearly empty streets of East Berlin. Destroyed buildings of East Berlin still not repaired after World War II. The Spittelmarkt area, formerly a busy shopping market, now deserted and desolate. Mayor Brandt meets refugees and speaks over the microphone.
Anniversary of East German Revolt against Soviets in 1953. West Berliners including Mayor Willy Brandt and Chancellor Ludwig Erhard at the memorials of those who died in East German Revolt against Soviets in 1953. Flowers on memorials. More than 200 memorial services recall day of revolt in 1953. Chancellor Erhard leads 75,000 people in a rally before the Town Hall. Freedom torch is lit by a man.
People on strikes and demonstrations in East Berlin. People standing on top of buildings. Buildings and radio tower of RIAS (American Radio Station in Western Sector of Berlin) which was spreading news of the workers general strike. Motorcars pass by. East German demonstrators throw things into fire protesting excessive work schedules. People watch fire. Flames of fire. Sign at the border of East and West Berlin, warning "You are leaving the American Sector." More scenes of the protests in East Berlin, from other news sources. Rioters throw east German police uniforms out of a window toward a crowd. Soviet Russian Soviet army tanks and troops enter the areas of unrest. At TC: 01:48, two protestors are seen sliding an iron pipe into the tread of a tank. East German Leader, Walter Ulbricht at a podium, backed by a huge replica of a white dove, and, elswhere, standing with associates. East German communist organizations, including police, marching in attempts to dispel notions that East Germans are oppressed. Huge poster of German worker rejecting American Marshall Plan, with slogan, "Yankee Go Home." Light tank and armored car parked beside a building. Closeup of soldier gripping machine gun atop a tank. Army trucks and troops in center of a city square. Voice of America commentator broadcasting news of the events from the RIAS station in West Berlin.
The Soviet Army suppresses uprisings in East Germany. Demonstrators haul down a red flag atop the Brandenburg Gate in East Berlin. Crowds at Potzdammer Platz disperse as gunfire breaks out. A wounded demonstrator is assisted by comrades. Soviet tanks rumble through the streets. Martial law is declared and orders of the Military High Command are posted in East Berlin. Demonstrators throw rocks at Soviet tanks on the street. Soviet tanks and troops block demonstrators. A map shows places experiencing uprisings including: Dresden, Madeburg, Frankfurt, Schwerin, Leipzig, Rostock, Erfurt, Chemnitz, and others. A poster dated 18 June 1953 announces the execution of Willy Goettling as a leader of the uprising. A newspaper announcement reports the condemnation of Alfred Diener, of the city of Jena, as a provocateur. Konrad Adenauer, Chancellor of West Germany, presides over a public funeral for Germans who lost their lives in the Soviet suppression of East Berlin. Leaders of East Germany are seen and East German proceedings against alleged ringleaders of the uprisings. East German refugees fill a large open building. They carry belongings and sleep on the floor.
Thousands of refugees cross the borders and flee Eastern Germany to Berlin in West Germany. A registration center in West Germany with long lines of refugees at registration center. The refugees checked for disposition for West Germany. Refugees kept at a refugee camp in an exhibition center. Men, women and children during their daily activities at the refugee camp. West German police officers supply milk and ration to the refugees. Women feed their children at the refugee camp.
From East Germany a group of Czechs arrives in West Germany. People including men, women and children arrive in an armored car. They come to West Germany from Soviet occupied East Germany. People get off the armored car.