Activities of German soldiers after battle for Woronesch (aka Aussprache or Voronezh), Russia during German offensive known as Operation Barbarossa, in World War 2. A map shows areas of engagement in Russia. Vew of the city from hilltop. Destroyed houses and buildings. Wrecked tanks in the area. Smoke rises from fires still burning. Dead soldiers lying on a street. Ruins of buildings along the sides of the street. A group of local Russian men going to work, are monitored by German soldier. A German soldier cleans his face with water from a tin. German soldiers milk a cow and share the milk. A soldier breaking eggs in a skillet, over an open fire in a field. Soldiers eating fried eggs.
The final struggle for Stalingrad during World War Two. Christmastime, 1942 in Moscow. Russian civilians obtaining fir trees for Christmas celebrations. A large beautifully decorated Christmas tree set up in the Hall of Pillars, in Moscow. Couples dancing in the hall to music from Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker Suite. Children at play, on slides, on a carousel, and with one another. New Year's eve is different. Soviet workers in a munitions factory greet each other but continue working without stopping. On the Stalingrad front lines, the Soviet Army marks the New Year, 1943, by launching artillery barrages, through the night and continuing unabated well into the next day. Russian Sukhoi Su-2 light bombers drop incendiaries on German positions. Brief partial glimpse of a Russian Sherman tank. Soviet troops moving on armed Aerosan ice gliders. Batteries of Soviet Katusha rockets fire barrages. Soviet infantry and tanks advance across vast barren snow-covered terrain. Animated map depicts Nazi forces being pounded on several fronts. A solitary horse standing in midst of Stalingrad destruction. February 2, 1943, Soviet soldiers,symbolically, fire the last shot, in the Battle of Stalingrad. A smiling Soviet soldier then places a cover over the muzzle of the field artillery piece. Scenes of the battle's aftermath. Russian officers hug one another. The Red flag is hung from a city building. Numerous German soldiers surrender under a white flag of truce. Many surrendering German Generals are seen.
Peaceful scenes of pre-war England, showing a church with sheep grazing on its lawn, and college building. In contrast, explosion and results of German bombing is shown, with buildings collapsing and ruined. A long line of Chinese soldiers marching along the Great Wall of china. Shadows of three Japanese bombers flying over Chinese landscape. On May 4, 1942, Madame Chiang Kai-Shek decorates American fliers who made the first attack on Tokyo in World War 2. Wearing a Chinese decoration around his neck, Lieutenant Colonel Jimmy Doolittle, who led that raid by U.S. B-25 bombers from the Aircraft Carrier USS Hornet, poses with Madame Chiang and others of his group. Scenes of Moscow, Soviet Russia, including a T-70 light tank moving rapidly along a city street. A Soviet Petlyakov Pe-2 dive bomber taking off in a snow storm. U.S. troops on a halftrack in North Africa. British artillerymen firing a 25 pounder in the desert. Glimpses of smoke rising from enemy strikes at cities in England, Russia, and China. Scenes of destruction. Brief street scenes of unscarred towns and cities in the United States. Defense workers in America going to work at Ranger Aircraft Engines factory (later part of Fairchild Aircraft and Engine Corporation), and a star flag showing war service by worker families. Farmers in Western U.S. harvesting grain. Railroad trains and river barges carrying harvest from U.S. farms. Herds of cattle and sheep being raised for the war effort in Western U.S. Aerial view of orchards and farms in America. A mining bucket filled with iron ore. Barge carrying the ore. A steel mill in operation. Scrap iron being recycled. View from production floor of U.S. bomber aircraft being built in a defense plant. Countless freight cars in a railroad marshaling yard at a port, where a tug boat and a freighter are seen in the water. War materiel piled up at the port. A convoy of supply ships underway.
Film opens showing Adolf Hitler, in World War 2, with Field Marshal Walther von Brauchitsch, Army Commander-in-Chief, and other top military members, planning for Operation Barbarossa (Attack to the East toward the Soviet Union). As he walks away from the table, he speaks briefly to Grand Admiral Erich Raeder, head of the Kriegsmarine (German Navy). Next Hitler and Marshall Hermann Goering are seen strolling and conversing at the Eastern Front headquarters, "the wolf's lair," (Wolfschanze) near Rastenburg, East Prussia (now Poland). Scene shifts to the Soviet Union, where Joseph Stalin is seen speaking at a podium. A large outdoor audience, including some soldiers, is gathered to listen. Images showing the Soviet people responding to defend against the German Nazi invasion. Closeup of Soviet soldiers with shouldered weapons. The nearest is holding a PPSh-41 submachine gun. Closeups of Soviet women and men in military uniforms. Soviet citizens heading to enlist in the military. Soldiers marching loosely n a city street. Patriotic singing is heard in background. A formation of Soviet women marching. Some carry furled banners. Soviet women carrying simple farm implements, marching in a rural part of Russia and joining others who are working to prepare anti-tank ditches and barriers in the countryside. Views of hundreds of people working on this project. Weapons being provided to rural Soviet guerrillas who will operate behind enemy lines. Anti-aircraft guns being set up overlooking a harbor. Closeup of Soviet soldiers manipulating controls on a camouflaged anti-aircraft gun and others maneuvering a four-barreled anti-aircraft machine gun. Local farm family members on makeshift towers keeping watch over huge fields of wheat. Soviet farmers harvesting the wheat with scythes. An armed farmer shielding his eyes as he searches the skies for German airplanes. Closeup of a man cutting wheat with a scythe as women gather the sheaves behind him. Motorized harvesters at work in a field of wheat. Closeup of a woman operating one. Tractors used in harvesting. Women and children gleaning what remains behind in the harvested fields. Farmers driving their cattle East (away from advancing Germans). Evacuating Soviet people employ a scorched earth policy, burning their homes, barns, and anything that might be of value to advancing German forces. Views of burning houses. Soviet industrial enterprises working around the clock producing war materiel. Seen are petroleum facilities; a large plant expelling coke; coal pouring into a barge; men at work at a steel furnace; ribbons of hot steel moving out of rollers; a huge manufacturing plant in operation. Next, a Soviet Kliment Voroshilov (KV) tank is seen moving across a field. Russian Ploikarpov 1-16 fighter planes in flight. A large formation of German Dornier DO 17 bombers in flight high overhead. Soviet forces retreating. Views of fallen German soldiers, fires burning, and remnants of a downed German bomber. German prisoners of war marching under guard and others surrendering with hands in the air. Closeups of some German prisoners. A Russian Petlyakov Pe-2 aircraft parked in snow with engines running. Fallen German soldiers lying in the snow along a roadway, in Winter of 1941-42. A Russian Kliment Voroshilov (KV) tank maneuvering in the snow. Russian Bt-7 Light Cavalry Tanks proceeding toward the front in Springtime, 1942.
Field Marshall Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Paulus decides to surrender to the Russian Army. German soldiers retreating. Axis powers suffer heavy loss of men, planes, arms and ammunition during the war. Map of Russia shows 185000 square miles of Russian territory regained from Germans. February 1942.
A British ship convoy underway in the North Sea as part of the Arctic Convoys supplying ships, weapons, and materials to the Soviet Union at Arkhangelsk and Murmansk during World War II. A map showing the North Sea route. The British ships underway. The ships carry weapons and other equipment to Russia as an aid for the fight against Nazi Germany. A man aboard a ship watches the area through binoculars. Crew dressed for Freezing cold temperatures. Enemy aircraft in flight over the area. The German aircraft drop bombs on the convoy. Guns fired from the ships. Smoke rise from firing and bombardment in the area. Circa 1942.