Frido W. Kessler and his rocket-propelled mail plane. (Allegedly, the first scheduled mail-delivery rocket flight) Kessler is seen in his workshop with his test stand and apparatus. Launch of Kessler's first winged liquid-fueled (liquid oxygen and Kerosene) mail rocket plane on frozen Greenwood Lake, New York, February 23,1936. Launch team opens the nose to insert mail into the rocket-propelled glider plane (reportedly designed by German rocket pioneer Dr. Willy Ley). Kessler poses with a little girl, Gloria Schleich Quackenbush, for whom the plane is named. She holds a silver cup of snow. They are surrounded by a cluster of men. Photographic equipment is set up next to them. The girl, Gloria, empties the cup of snow onto the tail of the rocket plane, to Christen it "Gloria (I)." Launch team fueling the rocket from containers. A technician in fireproof protective suit lights fuel at tail of the plane. It flares up in flames and then settles down with normal rocket burn, and leaves the launch stand. (A second rocket plane is seen sitting on the ice near the launch stand.) The rocket glider only goes about 20 feet before falling onto the ice. Team members look over the stand and prepare to try again with Kessler's second plane, the "Gloria (II)." They load the mail (6000 letters and postcards) into the nose and set the plane on the launch stand. It launches very nose high, and strikes the ice near the stand. But the rocket motor continues to propel it across the ice until it takes off again and continues, a way in the air until flipping over and crashing on the ice. View of people surrounding the broken plane on the ice. (Note: The second attempt carried the Gloria II and its mail, about 2000 feet, far enough to cross the border from New York into New Jersey, constituting an interstate mail delivery, and making the letters and post cards worthy mementos of the event.)
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