Space research about the ionosphere from the ground by the National Bureau of Standards.
United States USA Date:1963 Duration:5 min 6 sec Sound:Yes
Film entitled 'Scatter Radar', from The National Bureau of Standards, United States Department of Commerce. Depicts space research from the ground. The globe rotating. A satellite antenna moves into position. Radio instruments. Red optical instruments used to study the sun. Clouds in the upper atmosphere. Animation: Ionosphere reflects radio waves to the planet. A smoke of cloud rises during the launching of a rocket. An artists' conception of the Van Allen Radiation Belt above the Earth's ionosphere discovered by Explorer I and Pioneer III. A satellite orbits the globe. Men watch as a rocket is erected and fired. A scientist at the National Bureau of Standards works on a formula. A man at the controls of a scatter radar fro space research. Animation: Ionized and neutral particles as well as free electrons that permit long distance communication. free electrons reflect radio energy. Radio waves penetrate the ionosphere. A scientist at the Ionosonde model C4 to measure electron density variations. Electron density model on the monitor. Two Oxygen atoms. An electron detaches and becomes a free electron. Radio waves pass by, the electron and waves oscillate and scatter energy. Animation: Need to excite electrons sufficiently so that their energy radiated can be detected from the ground. The process requires a powerful transmitter, large antenna, and a sensitive receiver.
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