The flood of immigrants from Europe to America from 1870 to 1890. Traveling experiences of immigrants are depicted.
United States USA Date:1975 Duration:6 min 59 sec Sound:Yes
Images of an old signs, in Europe, advertising land and promoting the virtues of various of the United states, including: Iowa, Nebraska, California, Kansas, and Dakota. One says "room for millions of immigrants." One cites "free homes." One contains a cartoon image of a grim "old World,"opposite a smiling "New World." Poster for steamship line, Norddeutscher Lloyd, of Bremen. Poster for railroad company. Poster for steamships from Liverpool to New York citing fares from 12 to 30 pounds sterling for "Saloon Passage"; 8 to 10 pounds for Second cabins; and 4 pounds for steerage passage. A Polish publication expressing concern over the "epidemic" of immigration to America. Articles calling for measures to restrict this immigration. Documents in cyrillic that narrator describes as mail from America that Russian officials censor. Samples of letters to relatives back home, from immigrants in America, enclosing steamship tickets, railroad tickets, and the like, that the narrator states "never arrived." Animated map showing the flow of immigrants from interior of Europe to ports of Hamburg, Bremen, and Rotterdam, noting that Hull and Liverpool also prospered on immigrant trade. Note on map states that between 1870 and 1880, two and three quarters of a million American immigrants came from Europe and by 1890, five and a quarter million more had crossed the Atlantic. View of immigrants waiting to be processed by government officials before departure at a port in Europe. People crowded in a long line outside, waiting to enter the office. Views of shanties in a town. A woman is seen describing immigrants' circumstances. Pictures of men women and children traveling by horse-drawn wagons. An old steam locomotive pulling a train. View of train station at a European port city. Huge number of people from all over Europe, standing in the courtyard of a train station. A man is seen describing these people as like "coming from another world." A barracks-like housing arrangement for immigrants waiting to pass health screening by the steamship companies, which included carefully examining their hair. A woman who experienced this described her embarrassment at the health examinations.
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