First Battle of El Alamein, Egypt, in World War II
El Alamein Egypt Date:1942, July Duration:8 min 42 sec Sound:Yes
Opening scene of "Desert Victory" shows vast desert in area of El Alamein Western Egypt, during World War 2. Several British Army officers and men gather around a Humber Mk II armoured car serving as an improvised field command post. A soldier holds an aiming compass. Troops attending to themselves and their equipment, being annoyed by flies. Stripped to the waist in desert daytime heat, soldiers are seen huddled in sleeping bags during cold nights. View of approaching sand storm as it rolls over troop positions. Views of German armored columns moving through the desert. Closeup of passing German Army SdKfz. 7 half-track carrying six soldiers. German army vehicles speeding past the camera. One towing a 10.5 cm leFH 18 light howitzer. A Sd.Kfz.222 armored car. A German Stug III self-propelled assault gun. Closeup of a formation flight of German Ju 87 Stuka dive bombers. Closeup of individual Stuka, in flight, with pilot and gunner visible. German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel seen standing in an open car, accompanying his armored forces. He turns to look as they pass a knocked out British tank. Animated map showing El Alamein, where Rommel was headed with his forces. Highlights of the nearby areas of interest. A shepherd and flock in the Nile delta. View from the air of Al Rifa'i Mosque and Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan, in Cairo, Egypt. Panning view of waterfront in Alexandria, Egypt. View of the Suez Canal. Animated map returns to El Alamein. Barbed wire strung along the Mediterranean coast. Hills overlooking the Quattara Depression and closeups of its salt marsh that vehicles cannot cross. British troops moving toward El Alamein in trucks. British General Claude Auchinleck taking personal charge of the 40 mile front. British troops preparing defensive positions, using pickaxes, jackhammers, and shovels. They dig deep trenches and lay protective mines, set up machinegun positions and anti-aircraft batteries. Closeup of a British soldier manning a Vickers medium machinegun. Soldiers laying camouflage netting over defensive position. General Auchinleck standing in a vehicle, looks through binoculars. British gunners begin firing 25 pounder field pieces. German General Rommel, standing in his staff car, directs his officers. German gunners begin returning fire toward the British positions. German Ju 97 Stuka dive bombers attack and British anti-aircraft gunners defend against them. Bombs striking in the sand. A British gunner marks a 10th victory on the barrel of his anti-aircraft gun. In August, British Prime Minister, Sir Winston Churchill, is seen visiting and mingling with troops at the front. Churchill stands with General Sir Harold Alexander the new Commander-in-Chief, Middle East Command and Lieutenant-General Bernard Montgomery, new Commander of the 8th Army. Copy of directive to General Alexander, ordering him to defeat Rommel's forces.
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