Effects of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Japan, in World War II, and early international efforts to control atomic weapons
Hiroshima Japan Date:1946 Duration:3 min 43 sec Sound:Yes
Film showing city of Hiroshima, Japan, the day before, and the day after the dropping of the atomic bomb in World War 2. Sequence opens on August 5, 1945, the day before the event. Camera pans over the city. Japanese air raid lookouts are seen on watch for allied bombers. View of actual atomic bomb detonation, over Hiroshima, on August 6, 1945, as seen from aircraft high overhead. Next, the complete destruction of the city is seen from camera at low altitude showing the four and one half square miles of the city flattened and burned. A Japanese hospital still functioning, with red cross flag on it. Hospital workers retrieving victims of the bombing. Ambulatory victims clustered in dooways and halls. Shadow image of a large industrial valve wheel burned onto wall behind it. Similar image of a ladder burned onto a wall. The decorative pattern on a womans dress burned onto skin of her back. Japanese physicians treating victims of thermal and radiation burns. Views of various victims, including some children, and their respective injuries. Scene shifts forward one year, to August 6, 1946. Children are lined up outside a school building, and then seen inside their classroom. disfiguring results of injuries are still evident on the children at their desks. Sequence shifts again, this time to United Nations delegates grappling with the issue of controlling atomic weapons. Closeups of American delegates, including James F. Byrnes (Secretary of State)and James B. Conant, President of Harvard University in the assembly. Closeups of representatives from South Asian nations. Closeup of USSR delegation, headed by Foreign Minister,Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov. Signs identifying delegates from Colombia, Egypt,Iraq, Bolivia, China. Final sequence shows several U.S. atomic scientists in their respective laboratories, including Enrico Fermi and Vannevar Bush. United states representative to the UN, Warren Austin, speaking about the so-called, Baruch Plan, for international control of atomic weapons. (Principal author, Bernard Baruch, is standing behind speaker's left shoulder.) USSR delegation, headed by permanent representative, Andrei Andreyevich Gromyko, who is seen presenting the Soviet plan. View of explosion and mushroom cloud during U.S. Operation Crossroads atomic bomb test in the Pacific.
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