Scenes from Army Day on April 6, 1934. Secretary of War George Henry Dern, in broadcast to the nation about importance of the Army, in peacetime. Brief glimpses of the Yellowstone River lower falls and Old Faithful and Beehive geysers erupting in Yellowstone Park, Wyoming. View amongst log buildings in Reproduction of Army Fort Dearborn, at the 1933 Century of Progress Exposition in Chicago, Illinois. A pioneer wagon; Native American Indians in ceremonial regalia; antique locomotives and trains at the Exposition. Army General Leonard Wood being sworn in as the Governor General of the Philippines. Closeup of General of the Armies, John J. Pershing, America's highest ranking Military officer. Headquarters of Walter Reed Army hospital, in Washington, DC, named for U.S. Army Major Walter Reed, who confirmed that yellow fever is transmitted by mosquito. Acting on this, the U.S. was able to complete the Panama Canal. View of French dredging equipment sitting idle in the water after Yellow Fever prevented them from completing the canal. Closeup of U.S. Army General William C. Gorgas, who, in 1904, headed the Sanitary Department that controlled mosquitoes and eradicated Yellow Fever, so the canal could be finished. View of a cayman in swamp near the canal. Photograph of George Washington Goethals, Chief Engineer credited with making the canal happen. Explosives employed in canal construction. Earth and rocks being loaded into open rail cars. A steamship transiting the Panama Canal. The Washington Monument; U.S. Library of Congress; and the Lincoln Memorial, cited as examples of accomplishments by U.S. Army engineers. The Wilson Dam, under construction by Army engineers, in Muscle Shoals, Alabama and system of levees being built to control the Mississippi River. The raging Mississippi River during 1927 flood. Flood victims being assisted by U.S. Army soldiers, at a tent camp, receiving food and clothing. An Army airplane flying over a forest fire. Army personnel supervising men in the Civilian Conservation Corps or CCC. Mail being loaded aboard an Army airplane, as airmail service is being opened between Washington DC and New York City. President Woodrow Wilson talking with Army pilot Major Reuben H. Fleet. Mail being loaded into the nose of an airplane. U.S. Army Douglas World Cruiser airplanes in flight, returning from their trip around the world in 1924. A pilot sitting in front seat of a Douglas O-38 airplane, pulls a fabric hood over his cockpit to practice "blind flying". View of the aircraft in flight, with instructor pilot in the open rear cockpit. Army aviators taking a camera and a rifle aboard their airplane as they prepare to leave on an aerial mapping flight. Aerial view of skyscrapers of Manhattan Island, New York City. Army Signal Corps personnel working on communications devices. A cable laying ship operating at sea, in support of the U.S. Army's Alaskan cable and telegraph system. Men loading chemicals into hoppers on Army crop dusting airplane. Several views of Army airplanes crop dusting. Glimpse of boll weevil, the target of their efforts. Closeup of Karl Connell, who as a major in the AEF, in World War I, invented a superior gas mask known as the “Connell” or “Victory” mask. A group of miners wearing gas masks enter a smoky mine entrance. The Army invented tear gas, which is shown being used to thwart a bank robbery, in a staged demonstration. Brigadier General Hugh Johnson, appointed by President Franklin Roosevelt, as head of the Great Depression era National Recovery Administration, or NRA, is seen about to give a speech. Narrator cites him as an example of U.S. Army officers who also serve the country in civilian life. Scene shifts to cadets on parade at the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York.
U.S. President John F. Kennedy's speech regarding racism and racial tensions in Alabama, delivered from Washington DC, the White House. United States President Kennedy seated at a desk and speaks over a microphone. The President speaks about racial discrimination against blacks in the United States. He talks about the University of Alabama not giving admission to two clearly qualified young Alabama residents who happened to have been born Negroes, due to segregation and discrimination practices. View of people crowded outside the University of Alabama. Men take pictures as officials escort entering students Vivian Malone and James Hood into the University. The President says that the nation is founded on the principle that all men are created equal, and that the rights of every man are diminished when the rights of one man are threatened. President Kennedy says that it is right for American consumers of any color to receive equal service in places of public accommodation, to register and to vote in a free election without interference or fear of reprisal. Additional views of Vivian Malone and James Hood walking with crowds and also unaccompanied on the University of Alabama campus. A policeman rides a motorcycle on a road at the University. President Kennedy talks about respecting negro citizens and importance of civil rights and equality. The President says that no city or State or legislative body can prudently choose to ignore the rights of any of its citizens. Press record his speech and take pictures.
Bombing demonstration by U.S. Army Air Service DH4 aircraft under command of Brigadier General Billy Mitchell. The target is Battleship USS Alabama, in September, 1921 in the Chesapeake Bay, United States. Army flier is seen checking security of a bomb under wing of aircraft. USS Alabama underway in the Chesapeake Bay. Aerial views from United States Army Air Service planes in flight over the battleship. USS Alabama is hit by a bomb. Later it is hit by a phosphorus poison gas bomb. Finally it is hit by 2000 pound bombs. The USS Alabama rolls over halfway, in shallow waters.
U.S. President John F. Kennedy's speech on Alabama in Washington DC. The White House. United States President John Kennedy seated at a desk and speaks over a microphone. The President speaks about the discrimination of blacks by whites in the United States. He talks about the University of Alabama not giving admission to two clearly qualified young Alabama residents (James Hood and Vivian Malone) who happened to have been born Negroes. President Kennedy says that the nation is founded on the principle that all men are created equal, and that the rights of every man are diminished when the rights of one man are threatened. The President says that it is possible for the American consumers of any color to receive equal service in places of public accommodation, to register and to vote in a free election without interference or fear of reprisal. President Kennedy talks about respecting Negroes and all Americans and urges people not to discriminate and to uphold civil rights. He says that no city or State or legislative body can prudently choose to ignore them.
Army pilots in thrilling stunt flight, Maxwell field in Alabama, United States. Four pilots standing in front of a U.S. Army Air Corps P-l2. Three P-12's take off together. Three P-l2's start an inside loop, then execute a formation. Three P-l2's executing a 360 degree roll. Three P-l2's in flight.
Dixiecrat democrats of the States' Rights Democratic Party at convention in Birmingham Alabama (after rejecting civil rights in platform of the 1948 Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia Pennsylvania). People in favor of continued racial segregation enter the building of 'State Rights Democrat' along with flag of United States to revolt against the civil rights plank of the Truman-Barkley ticket. William Henry Davis "Alfalfa Bill" Murray, a vocal proponent of racial segregation, is seen and flags behind him include a confederate flag. Dixie Democrats (The States' Rights Democratic Party) hold their own convention. Banners of states of Alabama and Mississippi in convention hall, with representatives who abandoned the democratic convention at Philadelphia. Fielding Lewis Wright, Democratic politician, and Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi, stands among Democrats. Governor James Strom Thurmond of South Carolina speaks and denounces efforts by the federal government and says that the country is on the path of being a totalitarian state. Strom Thurmond gets the State's Rights Party nomination for President of the United States.