Activities of Red Cross and U.S. Army personnel in Archangel, Russia, during the Allied North Russian Intervention of World War 1. American soldiers of the American North Russia Expeditionary Force hold a brief ceremony. Russian sisters (nuns) stand outside their Red Cross hospital on Troitsky Avenue, near Olga barracks, in Archangel, as Captain Wynn of the American Red Cross, and U.S. Army Captain Hall, raise Red Cross and American flags over it. Thus it becomes the first Red Cross Hospital in Archangel, jointly staffed with Russian and American Red Cross nurses. Brief view of the Army band marching back after the ceremony. They are watched by Russians on the sidewalks. (Note: Captain Wynn and the American Red Cross went on to equip the hospital, and American Army Captain Hall and Lieutenant Kiley were placed in charge of it. British medical authorities had resisted having Americans start their own hospital in Archangel. So this American flag-raising event constituted an act of defiance.) (World War I; World War 1; WWI; WW1)
Military band (not playing) leads U.S. soldiers of the 339th Infantry, in loose formation, through wooded area to a cemetery in a field near a church in Archangel (Arkhangelsk) during the Allied North Russia Intervention of World War 1. Several officers (unidentifiable) are standing on a raised stand. Two large crosses are seen behind them. Scene changes completely, to American Memorial Day ceremony at Archangel,in 1919. Allied officers occupy stands decorated with colors of the participating Entente powers. The military band is located nearby. A speaker's stand is set up and ostensibly occupied by Brigadier General Wilds P. Richardson and British Field Marshal Edmund Ironside. (But they cannot be recognized in the distance) A horse and carriage are seen in the far background. Soldiers, sailors, and civilians are in attendance. The ceremony begins with everyone saluting colors held by an honor guard. Then, a squad of American soldiers fires a three-salvo salute with their rifles. (World War I; World War 1; WWI; WW1)
Battalion of the U.S. 310th Engineers operate a sawmill at Archangel (Arkhangelsk) Russia, during the Allied North Russia Intervention (AKA the Polar Bear Expedition) in World War 1. Rafts of logs floating in the River Divina, near a saw mill in Archangel. Workers maneuver the logs to a ramp at the mill. Inside, the logs pass through giant saws and are cut into lumber. Boards sliding out of the mill to the ground below, where workers load them onto horse carts and drag them back into a large storage area filled with stacked lumber. U.S. Army soldiers inspect the operations, among the working villagers. [Footage from the United States Army 85th Division, 339th Infantry, American Expeditionary Force North Russia, participating as part of the Triple Entente forces, in the so-called "Polar Bear Expedition." Two thirds of the soldiers were from Michigan.] (World War I; World War 1; WWI; WW1)
After Lenin makes peace with Germany, civil war breaks out in Russia. White Russian troops are seen fighting against Bolshevik troops in the snow. American soldiers, supporting the White Russians, are seen in Archangel (Arkhangelsk). Cossacks on horseback carry the Tsarist flag. The Romanovs, Tsar Nicholas II and his family are photographed outdoors seated on a wooden bench by barricade fence at Ipatiev House in Ekaterinburg. Bolsheviks arresting other revolutionaries who were opposed to them, and executing them by firing squad. Vladimir Lenin with cat in his lap. View of Fanny Yefimovna Kaplan (AKA "Dora") who attempted to assassinate Lenin on August 30, 1918. View of Lenin speaking to Soviet workers. Newspaper of September 1, 1918 reports on the assassination attempt, with dateline London, August 31st: "Lenin wounded twice by assassin. Attempt on Red Premier's life at Moscow. Commissary Uritzky murdered at Petrograd." Crowd in turmoil in Moscow. Newspaper reports capture of would-be assassin, noting that "official Bolshevist paper says, "She is girl of intellectual class." Narrator states that some 500 anti-Bolsheviks are executed in Moscow.
U.S. soldiers of 339th Infantry during the Allied North Russia Intervention (AKA the Polar Bear Expedition) at Archangel ( Arkhangelsk) Russia., in World War 1. U.S. soldiers and sailors ride on a streetcar, operating on a main street in the city of Archangel. (World War I; World War 1; WWI; WW1)
As a contingent of U. S. soldiers presents arms, American Red Cross Captain Wynn and U.S. Army Captain, Hall, raise a United States flag and a Red Cross flag over a hospital in Arkhangelsk (Archangel) Russia during the Allied North Russia Intervention of world War 1. Russian nuns (nurses) who staff the hospital, at Troitsky Avenue, near Olga barracks, take part in the ceremony. View of U.S. Army band marching down a street with their instruments as local children and villagers look on. (Note: This flag-raising constituted an act of defiance by U.S. Red Cross and Army medical personnel, since British medical authorities had opposed starting an American hospital in Archangel. It became the first Red Cross Hospital there, that was jointly staffed by Russian and American Red Cross nurses. Captain Wynn,with the American Red Cross, equipped the hospital, and American Army Captain Hall and Lieutenant Kiley administered it.) (World War I; World War 1; WWI; WW1)