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Augsburg Germany 1945 stock footage and images

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Atrocities committed by Nazis against Jews in Germany, submitted as evidence "Exhibit USA-280" during the Nuremberg Trials

Portions of a damaged film. Excerpted from original shown during the Nuremburg trials and submitted as "Exhibit USA 280." Nuremberg trial transcripts of 13 December, 1945 include the following excerpted descriptions of the footage spoken by U.S. Commander William J. Donovan : "This is a strip of motion pictures taken, we believe, by a member of the S.S., and captured by the United States military forces in an S.S. barracks near Augsburg, Germany...We have not been able to establish beyond doubt in which area these films were made...The film offers undeniable evidence, made by Germans themselves, of almost incredible brutality to Jewish people in the custody of the Nazis, including German military units. It is believed by the prosecution that the scene is the extermination of a ghetto by Gestapo agents, assisted by military units...This film was made on an eight millimetre home camera...The pictures obviously were taken by an amateur photographer...it is burned...This is a silent film....I wish to...direct the Tribunal's attention to certain of the scenes. Scene 2: A naked girl running across the courtyard. Scene 3: An older woman being pushed past the camera, and a man in S.S. uniform standing at the right of the scene. Scene 5: A man with a skull-cap and a woman are manhandled. Scene 14: A half naked woman runs out of the crowd. Scene 15: Another half-naked woman runs through the house. Scene 16: Two men drag an old man out. Scene 18: A man in German military uniform, with his back to the camera, watches. Scene 24: A general shot of the street, showing fallen bodies and naked women running. Scene 32: A shot of the street, showing five fallen bodies. Scene 37: A man with a bleeding head is hit again. Scene 39: A soldier in German military uniform, with a rifle, stands by as a crowd concentrates on a man coming out of the house. Scene 44: A soldier with a rifle, in German military uniform, walks past a woman clinging to a torn blouse. Scene 45: A woman is dragged by her hair acros

Date: 1939
Duration: 1 min 13 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
U.S. 7th Army Commander General Alexander Patch talks to French officials liberated by his unit in Augsburg, Germany.

Former French officials in Augsburg, Germany after their liberation towards the end of World War II. Exteriors of a building shows U.S. 7th Army Commander General Alexander Patch talking to French officials liberated by his unit. The group includes French Generals Maxime Weygand and Maurice Gamelin, French politician Paul Reynaud, former French Prime Minister Édouard Daladier and Madame Caillan who is the sister of French General Charles de Gaulle.

Date: 1945, May 7
Duration: 1 min 12 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
United States ambassador to France, Jefferson Caffery arrives in Augsburg Germany, received by Lieutenant General Patch.

United States ambassador to France, Jefferson Caffery arrives in Augsburg, Germany. A C-47 plane of the United States Army Air Force lands on a runway strip. Jefferson Caffery descends from the plane. He is greeted by Lieutenant General Alexander M. Patch at the airfield. They sit in their cars.

Date: 1945, May 7
Duration: 1 min 9 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
A band plays and decorated floats move in a parade to mark the 400th anniversary of Protestantism in Augsburg, Germany.

The 400th anniversary celebrations of Protestantism in Augsburg, Germany. Nearly 50,000 people gathered to witness the 400th anniversary celebrations. A band plays at a parade. Men march in colorful costumes. A priest being carried in a palanquin during the parade. Decorated floats move past the spectators.

Date: 1930, July 4
Duration: 1 min 23 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
History of Berlin before and after World War II showing zones of occupation and poor living conditions post-war.

Nazi soldiers at attention with guns drawn in Berlin during World War 2. U.S. soldiers on watch from damaged Berlin building. Man watching Berlin wall with binoculars while sitting in car. Pan American passenger airplane in flight after the war. Pan American passenger reading Time and other magazines. Aerial view of Berlin early 1960s. Pan American plane landing at Tempelhof Airport. Pan American passengers descending to tarmac under sign that reads, "Today Pan American has completed 93153 Transatlantic Crossings" Brandenburg Gate early 1960s. Drive through Brandenburg Gate in the 1920s. Drive through Berlin in the 1920s. Tourist bus flying American flag departs in Berlin 1920s. Berlin University 1920s. Early Nazis driving in Berlin streets. Hitler saluting parade. Hitler addressing Germans. Berlin in ruins Spring 1945 as tanks pass in front of Brandenburg Gate. Old starving woman walks on streets of Berlin amist ruins in 1945. Ruins of Berlin include Reichstag Building during 1945 battle. Women and children emerging from underground Berlin bunker in 1945, to a scene of devastation and rubble in the city. Ground view of the ruined Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche or Gedächtniskirche). Interior of ruined Reichstag Building. Potsdam Conference 1945, Map of WWII Europe. Berlin map, including official Berlin map with signatures showing Zones of Occupation. Germany allied control authority gathering including American, British, and Soviet representatives. French, American, Soviet flags in Germany. Rebuilding of Berlin mostly by women clearing rubble, using shovels, wheelbarrows and cleaning old bricks for reuse. Over crowded train in Germany post-WWII filled with civilian refugees abandoning the cities and heading to the countryside of Germany to resettle.

Date: 1945
Duration: 7 min 15 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Nazi Party ceremonial grandeur is contrasted to the horrors perpetrated under the 3rd Reich

6th Nazi Party Congress at Nuremberg, in 1934, featuring a "Totenehrung" ceremony, honouring dead. Nazi SA ( Sturmabteilung) and SS (Schutzstaffel) troops in precise formations fill the Zeppelin Field Luitpold Arena , leaving only a wide pathway to the Ehrenhalle war memorial. View from behind honor guard standing at the Ahrenhalle, as Adolf Hitler, flanked by SS leader, Heinrich Himmler (in Black) and Viktor Lutze, head of the Sturmabteilung (SA), approach. Three huge banners with swastikas are seen in the far background. Scene shifts to 1945. American troops are now assenbled at the main grandstand (Ehrentribüne) of Zeppelin Field. The American flag covers the wreathed swatstika sculpture at the top of the Grandstand. View of German soldiers, who have been mustered out, mingling with civilians in a town. Some speak with an American soldier, who is part of the U.S. occupying force. Scene shifts to the Yalta conference in February, 1945. Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin are seen seated while their most senior military staff members stand in the background. Allied leaders sit around a large conference table. U.S. Secretary of State James F. Byrnes, sits near Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Scene shifts back to Nazi era. Joseph Goebbels, Reichminister of Propaganda is haranguing a crowd. In contrast, German soldiers are seen conversing with occupying American soldiers. This is contrasted with more scenes of Nazi leaders giving empassioned speeches to a hall filled with Nazi faithful. German soldiers, prisoners of war are seen directed by U.S. military police, behind a barbed wiire enclosure. Large numbersof German prisoners of war in an open holding area. Closeups of some. Bucolic scenes of farmers working in fiields and herds of sheep and cattle. Hitler haranguing an audience of rapt listeners. German civilians standing quietly in a group. (Narrator refers them being the people of Beethoven, Goethe, and Martin Luther, as statues of those iconic Gernmans are shown.) In dramatic contrast, numerous dead bodies of victims are being shown to German citizens by American troops, at Nordhausen, Buchenwald, and Belsen concentration camps. This is contrasted against views of German people folk dancing in traditional costumes, German contributions to science (view of Albert Einstein speaking) and industry (view of professional glass blowers at work). Glaring contrast shows German civilians moving the body of a concentration camp victim; several civilians beubg shot dead by a firning squad (unseen); Rudolf Himmler; and an image Germany being destroyed, as result of the Nazis. American sooldiers are loosely assenbled in an open field. by the Elbe River at Torgau, Germany on 26 April 1945. American and Russian officers greet each other at the site, where their armies have met in World War 2. American ans Russian soldiers mingle and greet one another. Views of Allied forces entiering Germany. Another scene of victims' bodies stacked at a concentration camp. French soldiers examine stake where prisoners were tied and executed in the Gestapo headquarters on Paris France. Other views of the Gestapo prison, where victims were buried. Examples of torture devices used to coerce information from prisoners. More views of stacked bodies of victims. Germans carrying bodies from a condentration camp. General Dwitht D. Eisenhower and General George Patton visiting the Ohrdruf Concentration Camp. Burned remains of victims. Closeup of General Patton. German officials and citizens confronting horror as they are compelled to walk through the camp. A huge wagon loaded with bodies of the dead. Gernan women appalled and repelled by the sights. Countless numbers of dead victims covering a large courtyard. German citizens compelled to carry body of a victim from the yard. Others carrying bodies of victims. Large numbers of Gernan citizens , seemingly shamed and remorseful at the revelations. A group of Gernnan men carrying shovels and others carrying crosses to commence burying the victims appropriately. Men carrying victims bodies in open wooden caskets along a road llined with spectators. Coffins of victims laid out in a cemetery. (Narrator alludes to them never forgetting.) German men gently place covered coffins in a long mass grave. .

Date: 1945
Duration: 6 min 52 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
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