U.S. Army Major Achille C. Tisdell testifies before a military tribunal in Manila, Philippines during the trail of Japanese Army General Masaharu Homma for World War II crimes. Major Tisdell takes an oath on the 16th day of the Homma trial. He says that he was aide-de-camp to Major General E.P. King, Commanding General of the American forces in Luzon in April, 1942. Major Tisdell recalls that Japanese forces had pushed back the American forces in Bataan to a point that it was difficult for the Americans to reorganize. He also talks about the lack of ration for the American forces. Major Tisdell says that U.S. reserves were released for the forces. He says that on 9th April, 1942 General King was unable to make contact with Japanese commander and Colonel Edward C. Williams volunteered to make contact with the Japanese.
On January 30, 1945, 121 members of the 6th Ranger Battalion and 286 Filipino guerrillas are seen setting out on a 30 mile trek behind Japanese lines, to free Allied prisoners of war (POWs) and civilians from a Japanese camp near Cabanatuan City, in the Philippines, during World War 2. They stretch out in a long, informal column as they traverse low flat lands and ford a wide shallow river. The men carry weapons and supplies (some on their heads) as they move along, almost like a Safari. Scene shifts to rescued prisoner, Major Emil P. Reed, U.s. Army Medical Corps,26th Cavalry. He was the senior officer among prisoners at the Cabanatuan prison camp number 1. He recounts being told by the Japanese Commandant that commencing January 7th, they were free at their own risk, but also assured them they would not be molested by the Japanese if they stayed within their regular camp area. Sergeant Samuel E. Goldy, Signal Corps, also speaks a few words about that period when Japanese were departing. Next the camera records the Rangers and Filipino guerillas returning with the approximately 500 freed POWs. Some Filipino women and children watch them return. At one point, the cadre climb aboard army trucks and continue their journey in a convoy. The POWs climb down from their trucks at the 92nd Evacuation Hospital, in Guimba, Luzon. Some take pleasure is simply lying down on the grass at the site. Many gather around hospital staff handing out packages of treats, including cigarettes, candy and the like. A couple of them express pleasure as they smoke cigarettes. Two frail and injured are seen hobbling with canes. Some appear seriously malnourished. A group are seen trying on new clothes. A British prisoner, Sergeant Robert Bell, Manchester Regiment, British Army, speaks of his experience. He was taken prisoner in Singapore and sent to Thailand where he worked to build a railway for the Japanese. Many prisoners died there from disease and malnutrition. He was one of a small number who survived after being on a Japanese ship with other prisoners when it was sunk by American dive bombers. Sergeant Walter Ring, of San Roque, Luzon, is seated, relaxed on a chair, as he recounts his experiences. Two young Filipino boys sit on the grass at his feet. He reaches to one, whom he says is his son Louis and to the other, his son Sam. His captivity began on Bataan in 1942. Finally, after rest and rehabilitation, the former POWs are seen heading away from the battle fronts to be transported back to the U.S.A.
U.S. Army Major Achille C. Tisdell testifies before a military tribunal in Manila, Phillipines during the trial of Japanese Army General Masaharu Homma for World War II crimes. Major Tisdell, aide-de-camp to Commanding General of the American forces in Luzon Major General Edward King, speaks about the American unconditional surrender in Bataan before the Japanese forces. He recalls that an interpreter told American Commanding General Edward King to get U.S. Army General Jonathan Wainwright. General King expressed that there were no means to contact General Wainwright. He says that General King presented four conditions of surrender to the Japanese that included his return to the headquarters to notify the surrender and a 12 hour armistice. But Japanese declared that the surrender must be unconditional. General King asked if U.S. troops would be well treated. The Japanese replied that they were not barbarians.
U.S. Army Major Achille C. Tisdell testifies before a military tribunal in Manila, Phillipines during the trial of Japanese Army General Masaharu Homma for World War II crimes. Major Tisdell, aide-de-camp to Commanding General of the American forces in Luzon Major General Edward King, speaks about the American unconditional surrender in Bataan before the Japanese forces. He recalls that an Japanese officer asked General King how many guns and tanks they had. The Japanese asked General King whether they would surrender and the General nodded his head. After this all American officers were disarmed.
Japanese troops in Bataan, Philippines during the Battle of Corregidor of World War II. Japanese troops rotate propellers of an aircraft. Japanese pilots lined up on an airfield as they sing. Japanese machine guns fire. Tanks and infantry advance in the jungle of Bataan. A long line of infantry with pack mules moves up. Japanese aircraft in flight. Troops on truck in front of a damaged building. Explosions occur on ground.
The invasion of the Philippine Islands by Japanese troops during World War II. Japanese troops load and fire artillery and howitzers on Bataan. The soldiers load and fire guns from a hide-out. Smoke rises from the firing in the foreground. Mountains in the foreground.