Rally of communists and youth in East Berlin. Small socialist flag on table. A boy reads during a rally. Historical view of parade by German soldiers in 1930's Berlin Germany. Russian tanks repel people on streets during anti-Communist protest of 1953. Aerial view of Brandenburg Gate area and refugees fleeing in thousands from East Berlin to West Berlin. Revitalized West Berlin, with new construction. A building in construction and another new building seen. Modern stores with show windows displaying abundant goods including cameras and foods. People at a a busy food or deli counter and in sidewalk cafes and restaurants. Busy streets of West Berlin with early 1960s automobiles. Enduring flame monument in West Berlin Inscription on the pedestal reads 'Freiheit Recht Freide' meaning Freedom, Rights, Peace. At a conference with allies including Britain in 1960 Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev walks down steps and gets into car. British Prime Minister Harold MacMillan with others walks down steps. Animated Khrushchev addresses gathering in Russian, forcefully and defiantly. MacMillan responds encouraging peaceful negotiations and no force. Newly elected Mayor Willy Brandt of West Berlin addresses people. United States President John F Kennedy with Premier Khrushchev, Secretary of State Dean Rusk and others at meeting in Vienna Austria. British flag at Headquarters of Berlin British Sector. Military police jeep stops near a sign. Soldier looks through binoculars at East West border of Berlin before Berlin Wall was substantial. During free elections in West Berlin people put their vote in ballot box. Box opened and counting of votes progresses. People see results on board. Nearly empty streets of East Berlin. Destroyed buildings of East Berlin still not repaired after World War II. The Spittelmarkt area, formerly a busy shopping market, now deserted and desolate. Mayor Brandt meets refugees and speaks over the microphone.
People on strikes and demonstrations in East Berlin, Germany. Also called the Uprising of 1953 in East Germany. People standing on top of buildings. Buildings and radio tower of RIAS (American Radio Station in Western Sector of Berlin) which was spreading news of the workers general strike. Motorcars pass by. East German demonstrators throw things into fire protesting excessive work schedules. People watch fire. Flames of fire. Sign at the border of East and West Berlin, warning "You are leaving the American Sector." More scenes of the protests in East Berlin, from other news sources. Rioters throw east German police uniforms out of a window toward a crowd. Soviet Russian Soviet army tanks and troops enter the areas of unrest. At TC: 01:48, two protestors are seen sliding an iron pipe into the tread of a tank. East German Leader, Walter Ulbricht at a podium, backed by a huge replica of a white dove, and, elswhere, standing with associates. East German communist organizations, including police, marching in attempts to dispel notions that East Germans are oppressed. Huge poster of German worker rejecting American Marshall Plan, with slogan, "Yankee Go Home." Light tank and armored car parked beside a building. Closeup of soldier gripping machine gun atop a tank. Army trucks and troops in center of a city square. Voice of America commentator broadcasting news of the events from the RIAS station in West Berlin.
Unrest in Berlin, East Germany. A large crowd gathers to demonstrate against East German government. A banner carried by some demonstrators calls for free elections. Armed Stasi watch the demonstrators. Demonstrators burn banners and posters and damage public property. People stands on roofs of houses and watch the demonstrations. Armed East German police and some Soviet soldiers watch the demonstrators from their headquarters. Demonstrators tear up and burn signs and start a bonfire. East German Stasi reinforce the checkpoint between the Soviet and American sectors of Berlin. A uniformed Berlin police officer, wearing traditional hat, assists a person who was manhandled by the mob. A building set afire by the demonstrators. View from West Berlin of mob in East Berlin. Sign reads: "You are leaving the American Sector."
Anniversary of East German Revolt against Soviets in 1953. West Berliners including Mayor Willy Brandt and Chancellor Ludwig Erhard at the memorials of those who died in East German Revolt against Soviets in 1953. Flowers on memorials. More than 200 memorial services recall day of revolt in 1953. Chancellor Erhard leads 75,000 people in a rally before the Town Hall. Freedom torch is lit by a man.
The Soviet Army suppresses uprisings in East Germany during worker strike and civilian protest of 1953. Demonstrators haul down a red flag atop the Brandenburg Gate in East Berlin. Crowds at Potsdamer Platz disperse as gunfire breaks out. A wounded demonstrator is assisted by comrades. Soviet tanks rumble through the streets. Martial law is declared and orders of the Military High Command are posted in East Berlin. Demonstrators throw rocks at Soviet tanks on the street. Soviet tanks and troops block demonstrators. A map shows places experiencing uprisings including: Dresden, Madeburg, Frankfurt, Schwerin, Leipzig, Rostock, Erfurt, Chemnitz, and others. A poster dated 18 June, 1953 announces the execution of Willy Goettling as a leader of the uprising. A newspaper announcement reports the condemnation of Alfred Diener, of the city of Jena, as a provocateur. Konrad Adenauer, Chancellor of West Germany, presides over a public funeral for Germans who lost their lives in the Soviet suppression of East Berlin. Leaders of East Germany are seen and East German proceedings against alleged ringleaders of the uprisings. East German refugees fill a large open building. They carry belongings and sleep on the floor.
Civilians gather on streets of Berlin and celebrate the socialist DDR (GDR) government in East Germany around 1949 or soon after. Uniformed band plays during a ceremony in East Germany. The spectators and a group of uniformed party leaders stand, cheer, and clap. A east German teenage girl kisses the flag. Next scene shows unrest and protests with burning flags in the streets of Berlin, East Germany, during the Uprising of 1953. Crowd burns a flag and then tears at another flag to destroy it. Crowd marches in the street in protest. Scenes of Soviet tanks rolling. Next scene shows a protest rally during the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. Narrator mentions revolt in Poland also. Large number of civilians march on roads and cut the center emblem out of a East German flag during protest.