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Berlin East Germany 1950 stock footage and images

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United States and Russian troops in Germany after World war 2; division of West Germany and East Germany

Bomb damaged and ruined buildings of Nazi Germany in 1945, including the Reichstag. Nazi Eagle symbol of Third Reich pulled down from building and crashes to the ground at end of World War 2. United States Army of occupation marches into city as German population lines sidewalks and watches them parade. Sign on a shop reads "Gaststatte Schosser." Many buildings in view are damaged or destroyed from bomb attacks during World War 2. American soldiers occupying German give candy to German children who at first hide from them. Nazi leaders including Hermann Göring, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, and Wilhelm Keitel, seen on trial in the Nuremberg war crimes trials. German people struggling to rebuild. women and children trying to gather wood from stumps of trees for fuel. A woman sawing a log. Women and children scraping food from inside trash cans and refuse bins, to stay alive during scarcity and shortages after the war. Americans providing food assistance and feeding German children in relief lines. Close up of a smiling boy as he receives food or drink. Soviet Russian Army soldiers occupying East Berlin and marching in formation. Russians removing an industrial lathe and other machinery and tools from Germany as the Soviet Union continues to strip Germany of resources after the war. A map of Germany and Berlin seen with divided regions as American, British, French and Soviet zones. Views of empty streets and heavily damaged buildings of Berlin after the end of the war. Children play amidst the desolation and destruction in East Berlin. View of Kammergericht, Headquarters of the Allied Control Council. Leaders seen meeting inside include American General Joseph T. McNarney, French General Marie Pierre Kœnig (Marie-Pierre Koenig), Soviet General Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov,. British Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery. View of Spandau Prison guarded by troops of occupying powers. Soviet and American troops drill and march on the grounds of Spandau Prison. An American soldier relieves a Soviet soldier at a watch post. Soviet blockade of West Berlin begins in June 1948. View of a man shutting down power in a power plant and lights going dark in Berlin. Blackout conditions in Berlin during the blockade. Germans plant vegetables in city to survive. Germans exchange goods in black market setting. A man plants vegetables in view of the Brandenburg Gate. The Berlin Airlift operations underway. U.S. Air Force C-54 aircraft flying low and arriving in Berlin, bringing supplies to West Berlin. C-97 landing. U.S. military forces unloading relief supplies and food from airlift aircraft. American C-47s and C-54s in the Berlin Airlift. Soap and milk being unloaded from airplanes. German children gather on a hill and watch low-flying American airlift planes as they approach to land at Tempelhof Aerodrome in Berlin. An Air Force airman throws a package out of the aircraft. It is a very small parachute with candy that drops from the American airplane to the waiting children. Children run to retrieve it and they share and eat the candy. Blockade is lifted in 1949 and rebuilding of West Berlin resumes. View of railroad tracks being re-linked, a locomotive running on tracks, and trains cross between East and West Berlin. Ships loading goods onto trains for Berlin. A coal processing factory running again in Germany. German workers producing industrial parts and goods again in production factories. West German construction workers rebuilding structures in West Germany. German people cast votes, establishing Federated German Republic (West Germany). Figures seen include U.S. General Alfred B. Gruenther with Konrad Adenauer, President of the new German Republic, together in Bonn, Germany. Soviet Russian troops marching on parade in East Germany. East German workers rioting in 1953, in protest of increased production quotas. Soviet forces in armored vehicles patrol the streets and disperse the crowd. A large electronic billboard banner flashes West German messages and propaganda to those who can view it in East Berlin. Citizen refugees from East Germany arriving in a processing center in West Germany, carrying bags and luggage. East German refugees laying on the ground on blankets in a crowded immigration processing center of West Germany. A woman irons clothes in the immigration center, while a child plays with dolls.

Date: 1949
Duration: 7 min 36 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Refugees on streets in East Berlin, preparing to cross into West Berlin just prior to Berlin Crisis. Street scenes in West Berlin.

During 1961 in build up to Berlin Crisis: Barbed wire on border seen from West Berlin side (initial Berlin Wall). Russian soldier uses binoculars to watch an approaching jeep. Jeep stops because of barrier. Sign shows 'Achtung 500m Schutzstreifen'. Men carry a box through woods fleeing or escaping into West Germany before the border was fully closed. A man with his bicycle passing over a narrow path into West Germany, as another man passes over on foot. People in a canoe approaching a west German bank of the river or lake as they flee from east Germany. A street bus approaches and parks near an intersection with street sign for "Marienfelder Allee." Men, women, and children refugees with their suitcases on a street as they gather near a refugee processing center, before heading into West Germany. A bulldog tied. A mother feeds her baby. Young refugees on streets, refugees board bus. A map show allocation of German parts to France, United States, England and Soviet Union. Traffic on road in Berlin, with view of the bombed (from World War 2) Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church or the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche, in the background. Many German civilian pedestrians walking on streets in busy West Berlin. 1950's and 1960's cars and trucks on busy Berlin streets. People in outdoor cafe restaurant. Telefunken building is seen.

Date: 1961
Duration: 2 min 43 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
World tensions after World War II. The Baruch Plan. The Berlin Airlift. The Korean War. The Cold War.

Speaking before United Nations Atomic Energy Commission (UNAEC) in its first meeting in June 1946, Bernard Baruch proposes international control of all atomic energy -- the so-called Baruch Plan. Low level aerial view of ruined post World War 2 European city. Goods including heavy equipment, locomotives, being loaded aboard ships to aid in the postwar recovery of Europe (The Marshall Plan). Workers in Western Europe making use of Marshall Plan materials to rebuild their national infrastructures. West European farmers restoring agriculture. View from overflying light airplane of parts of postwar Berlin in 1948. Blocked roads and empty railroad tracks leading from East Germany to West Germany, blocked by the Soviet Union. Barge traffic at standstill due to Soviet actions. U.S. C-54 transport aircraft flying supplies into West Berlin (The Berlin Airlift) during the Soviet blockade of that city. West Berliners watching U.S. transport aircraft bringing fuel, food and other essentials into the isolated city. A C-54 flying low over empty railroad lines, as it prepares to land in West Berlin. Supplies offloaded from a DC-3 ( AKA C-47 or British Dakota) equipped with unusual set of rear cargo doors. Supplies being moved on Tegel Airport with many C-54 aircraft in the background. Numerous C-47 aircraft operating at Tempelhof airdrome. An East German official opening a barricade as Soviet blockade of West Berlin ends on May 12, 1949, and supply trucks begin to move over roads again. Flags of Western nations flying on high flagpoles. Glimpse of Allied warships underway during World War 2. Formation of P-38 Lightning aircraft in flight overhead. NATO troops marching and NATO armor on parade. Flashes of heavy artillery firing at night. Korean refugees moving South in 1950 with the outbreak of the Korean War. View of UN Security Council meeting in the absence of Soviet representative. U.S. tanks firing guns and American infantrymen in conflict with North Korea in Korean War. American wounded on stretchers.

Date: 1967
Duration: 5 min 12 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Documentary film 'The Road to the Wall' shows communist oppression in Russia, Eastern Europe, China and Cuba.

Film 'The Road to the Wall' depicts the rise of communism in Russia, Eastern Europe, China and Cuba. Opening scene shows a newly build section of the Berlin Wall, early in its construction period, and a line of German people viewing the newly built wall between East Germany and West Germany. Historical retrospective shows various scenes of refugees in various countries (China; somewhere in Europe) walking on roads and uphill with baggage in hand. Communist troops march. Refugees walk bare foot. Man carrying a child on his back. Huge gathering of people in Moscow at the Kremlin wall (near future site of Lenin's tomb). Vladimir Ilyich Lenin speaks to a crowd in Russia during the Russian Revolution. Refugee women and children being checked by soldiers as they attempt to board a train. Closeup of a baby looking frustrated or angry. Bodies of dead refugees on the ground. View of Fidel Castro, in January 1959, with Che Guevara, and other rebels or revolutionaries, in Cuba. A person being executed by a Che Guevara revolutionary firing squad. Huge parade in Communist China in 1960. View of Chinese workers manually pulling what appears to be, a heavy gun carriage. Parade of communists in East Germany in 1961. The Berlin wall, and East German policeman on horseback riding to intercept persons attempting to cross. A few East German people makingtheir escape from East Berlin to West Berlin by running through a gap in barbed wire at the Berlin Wall border, and being escorted by West Berliners afterward. Armed East German guards at border marked with barbed wire and other obstacles.

Date: 1962
Duration: 2 min 11 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
East German residents in Berlin Germany are seen escaping to West Berlin, and Berlin wall is built, during Berlin Crisis of 1961

During Berlin Crisis in 1961. Scene of a street in East Berlin, Germany. A man stands on the West side of Berlin, clicks photo of East Berlin. A policeman disturbs and blocks him with a mirror. People of East Berlin go with their few possessions escaping to West Berlin. Military trucks parked on East Berlin side. People wave handkerchiefs. A young man loads his luggage in a truck. People on the East Berlin side with their possessions. An east German policeman reflects with a mirror to prevent cameras from recording the escape attempts. People on the West Berlin side watch a water hose sprayed at them to deter onlookers. A man sits on a truck and clicks photos as water is sprayed on him and the truck is forced to move on. Smoke or tear gas bomb comes from East Berlin side and men throw them back. Smoke seen everywhere. The escape of Frieda Schulz is seen from her apartment building at the border, on Bernauer Strasse. She is seen hanging from a window, still held on her arm from above by an east German official, until the receiving west German crowd from below pulls on her leg hard enough to free her, and she falls into a waiting net. Another woman is seen preparing to leap from a fifth floor window. She leaps (not seen) and is caught by firemen with a waiting net. Next, her husband is seen pushing some baggage through the window with valuables, and then he is seen leaping from the window into a waiting net held by firemen on the West Berlin side. Work goes on for building the Berlin Wall. Giant bulldozer drops dirt on ground as it razes home along the border of the Berlin Wall, and as a wide ditch is built to prevent escape by vehicle. People cut hole in barbed wire and are seen escaping to the West German side. Policemen and others help them as they get through. East Berlin police arrive and stop more people from escaping. A man and two young women are seen after they successfully escape through the barbed wire to West Berlin side.

Date: 1961, September
Duration: 3 min 34 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Scenes of Berlin divided by newly built Berlin Wall. Unrest in the city after division into East and West Berlin, Germany

The divided city of Berlin, Germany caused by the erection of the Berlin Wall. Shows early scenes of the Berlin Wall being built. Opening scene shows camera pan from Brandenburg Gate down to street level where East German construction workers are using a jack hammer and hand digging a trench across the middle of the street to serve as foundation for the Berlin Wall. A Soviet guard watches over the construction workers. East Germans and Soviet Russians walking with a spool of razor wire, putting up barbed wire barricades along other sections of the dividing border. German citizens gathered along the wall as it is built in a field area. Several young men in suits being pushed and harassed by a guard on the East German side of the Berlin Wall. View of a railroad train track that has been cut, and workers digging a deep trench at the site to build the wall right through the run of railroad track. East German refugees walking through a checkpoint area, desperate to leave east Germany before total closure of the border occurred. Refugees gathered in crowded shelters with mattresses on the ground. Young children and babies sleeping on mats. Views of barbed wire crossing railroad track runs. Animated map showing routing of aircraft for the Berlin Airlift in response to the Berlin Blockade by the Soviet Union in 1948. Riots on the streets of East Berlin. Views of various aircraft flying overhead, bringing supplies to citizens during the blockade. Relief supplies and food being unloaded at airport for citizens. People waving white handkerchiefs in the air to express thanks as a Berlin Airlift airplane passes overhead. People in East Germany throw stones at a Russian tank in the streets as a crowd of protestors gathers. A burning building with smoke pouring from its windows. Views of successful German industry and commerce in West Berlin. People working in West Berlin. German people shop in stores. A boy adds a bar of chocolate to a shopping basket. Men working in large industrial plants and factories. Large Siemens equipment in use in an electrical transmission component factory. A scientist or engineer looking through a microscope like device.

Date: 1961, August
Duration: 2 min 10 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
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