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Buchenwald Germany 1945 stock footage and images

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Nazi Party ceremonial grandeur is contrasted to the horrors perpetrated under the 3rd Reich

6th Nazi Party Congress at Nuremberg, in 1934, featuring a "Totenehrung" ceremony, honouring dead. Nazi SA ( Sturmabteilung) and SS (Schutzstaffel) troops in precise formations fill the Zeppelin Field Luitpold Arena , leaving only a wide pathway to the Ehrenhalle war memorial. View from behind honor guard standing at the Ahrenhalle, as Adolf Hitler, flanked by SS leader, Heinrich Himmler (in Black) and Viktor Lutze, head of the Sturmabteilung (SA), approach. Three huge banners with swastikas are seen in the far background. Scene shifts to 1945. American troops are now assenbled at the main grandstand (Ehrentribüne) of Zeppelin Field. The American flag covers the wreathed swatstika sculpture at the top of the Grandstand. View of German soldiers, who have been mustered out, mingling with civilians in a town. Some speak with an American soldier, who is part of the U.S. occupying force. Scene shifts to the Yalta conference in February, 1945. Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin are seen seated while their most senior military staff members stand in the background. Allied leaders sit around a large conference table. U.S. Secretary of State James F. Byrnes, sits near Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Scene shifts back to Nazi era. Joseph Goebbels, Reichminister of Propaganda is haranguing a crowd. In contrast, German soldiers are seen conversing with occupying American soldiers. This is contrasted with more scenes of Nazi leaders giving empassioned speeches to a hall filled with Nazi faithful. German soldiers, prisoners of war are seen directed by U.S. military police, behind a barbed wiire enclosure. Large numbersof German prisoners of war in an open holding area. Closeups of some. Bucolic scenes of farmers working in fiields and herds of sheep and cattle. Hitler haranguing an audience of rapt listeners. German civilians standing quietly in a group. (Narrator refers them being the people of Beethoven, Goethe, and Martin Luther, as statues of those iconic Gernmans are shown.) In dramatic contrast, numerous dead bodies of victims are being shown to German citizens by American troops, at Nordhausen, Buchenwald, and Belsen concentration camps. This is contrasted against views of German people folk dancing in traditional costumes, German contributions to science (view of Albert Einstein speaking) and industry (view of professional glass blowers at work). Glaring contrast shows German civilians moving the body of a concentration camp victim; several civilians beubg shot dead by a firning squad (unseen); Rudolf Himmler; and an image Germany being destroyed, as result of the Nazis. American sooldiers are loosely assenbled in an open field. by the Elbe River at Torgau, Germany on 26 April 1945. American and Russian officers greet each other at the site, where their armies have met in World War 2. American ans Russian soldiers mingle and greet one another. Views of Allied forces entiering Germany. Another scene of victims' bodies stacked at a concentration camp. French soldiers examine stake where prisoners were tied and executed in the Gestapo headquarters on Paris France. Other views of the Gestapo prison, where victims were buried. Examples of torture devices used to coerce information from prisoners. More views of stacked bodies of victims. Germans carrying bodies from a condentration camp. General Dwitht D. Eisenhower and General George Patton visiting the Ohrdruf Concentration Camp. Burned remains of victims. Closeup of General Patton. German officials and citizens confronting horror as they are compelled to walk through the camp. A huge wagon loaded with bodies of the dead. Gernan women appalled and repelled by the sights. Countless numbers of dead victims covering a large courtyard. German citizens compelled to carry body of a victim from the yard. Others carrying bodies of victims. Large numbers of Gernan citizens , seemingly shamed and remorseful at the revelations. A group of Gernnan men carrying shovels and others carrying crosses to commence burying the victims appropriately. Men carrying victims bodies in open wooden caskets along a road llined with spectators. Coffins of victims laid out in a cemetery. (Narrator alludes to them never forgetting.) German men gently place covered coffins in a long mass grave. .

Date: 1945
Duration: 6 min 52 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
Internees from Brussels at the Buchenwald concentration camp interviewed in Germany.

Internees at a concentration camp in Buchenwald, Germany. Jean Blume, leader of socialist national movement against occupation in Belgium, shares his experiences of the days spent at Breendonk concentration camp in Belgium. He expresses joy at being liberated by American Army from Buchenwald concentration camp. (Note: Jean Blume was a Resistance Leader during the Nazi occupation in World War 2. The Gestapo arrested him on January 19, 1943 and he was imprisoned in Breendonk. In May 1944, he and many others, were sent to Buchenwald. They were released on April 11, 1945.)

Date: 1945, April 26
Duration: 1 min 15 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: English
 
 
Long term captive of Buchenwald concentration camp, Otto Feuer, is interviewed after U.S. forces liberate camp.

Internees at a concentration camp in Buchenwald, Germany. Otto Feuer, a Jewish internee from Hamburg states how he has been in concentration camps for past so many years. He thanks the American Army for liberating them from the concentration camp in Buchenwald, Germany on April 11, 1945. Other internees in the background.

Date: 1945, April 26
Duration: 51 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: English
 
 
Dead bodies of prisoners from Buchenwald Concentration Camp seen piled up in a truck.

Dead bodies of prisoners from the Buchenwald Concentration Camp, operated by Nazi Germany in Ettersberg near Weimar Germany. World War 2 U.S. Army Cameraman slate indicates footage is from Buchenwald and was filmed on April 14, 1945, soon after the camp's liberation on April 11 by American forces. Dead bodies of prisoners lie on ground. Emaciated and tortured bodies of atrocity victims seen piled up in a truck. Dead man with a beard. Different bodies piled up in a truck. Faces of the dead bodies.

Date: 1945, April 14
Duration: 2 min 42 sec
Sound: No
Color: Color
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
Dutch Jewish internee of Buchenwald concentration camp interviewed in Germany.

Internees at a concentration camp in Buchenwald, Germany. Serge Kaplan, Jewish internee from Eindhoven Netherlands speaks about the difficult conditions at various concentration camps which made life difficult for the internees and also led to death of many people. He states that he was in a concentration camp in Poland and came to Buchenwald in January 1945. He expresses his joy on being set free by the American Army.

Date: 1945, April 26
Duration: 60 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: English
 
 
Jewish orphans look out from the windows of a train as they leave Weimar, Germany after World War II.

Jewish orphans liberated from Nazi Buchenwald Concentration Camp leave Weimar, Germany in a train after World War II. Jewish orphans look out from the windows of the train. A Jewish flag hanging from a train window. A sign reads 'Buchenwald'. Signs hanging from the displaced persons train: "Orpheims Juifs de Buchenwald" (Orphaned youth of Buchenwald) and "Vive Truman, Stalin, Churchill".

Date: 1945, June 5
Duration: 1 min 12 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
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