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China 1938 stock footage and images

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China builds Burma Road to carry war materiel and supplies and creates flood of Yellow River to thwart Westward expansion of Japanese occupied territory

Japanese officials meeting in strategy session. Japanese infantry on mission to cut Chinese supply lines during 2nd Sino-Japanese war. Black smoke rises as they move along a river bank. Chinese prisoner-workers are forced to rebuild railroads destroyed by the Chinese people during their great Westward trek. Japanese soldier closely guards workers. A Japanese army armored train underway on the rebuilt railroad, as Japanese soldiers cheer. Animated map shows China's supply lines by sea, to Tsingtao, Hangchow, and Amoy, cut off by Japanese naval blockade. Japanese Navy launch with officers and crew moving near commercial ships as they take over Chinese river ports. War materiel and other supplies destined for China, including trucks, sit idle, unable to be transported to their destinations. Large oil tanks and drums of gasoline are shown, as well as gun barrels and a flightline filled with parked Curtiss P-36 Hawk aircraft. The Imperial Japanese Navy destroyer Asakaze (DD-3) and another, next to it, in a Chinese river port. A Japanese freighter with anchored weighed, secured by long lines to a wharf. Small boats flying Japanese Naval ensigns are next to it. View of map showing china, Burma, Indo-China, and Chungking, with Japanese blockading fleet stationed in the South China Sea. It traces path of narrow gauge rail line from Indo-china to Kumming,China, where it connected to an overland road to Chungking. Next it traced the old Camel Caravan route, across China, from Russia. Narrator notes these were to small to be useful and too close to Japanese-occupied territory. Next, the map traces a railroad that from the port of Rangoon to Lashio, Burma. It is separated from the road to Chungking, by mountains and gorges. Views of the actual mountainous terrain. Animal pack trains moving through the area. Construction engineers in a large drafting room designing a road to transit the area. View of modern road-building caterpillar tractor equipment of the type needed to accomplish this. View of Chinese laborers using manpower instead. They push large rollers and employ pickaxes and other hand-held tools to carve away and dig road beds. Masses of Chinese laborers at work, carving a road along the edge of a mountain. Two-men teams using manual tampers to pound down the roadbed. Children are employed along with adults. A woman with a baby on her back, pounding large rocks into gravel, surrounded by other children doing the same. View from above of the "Burma Road," the product of their labors, winding its way through the mountains and gorges. Many scenes of trucks moving along portions of the Burma Road. P-40 airplanes flying past white cumulus clouds, overhead. Animated map shows continued expansion of Japanese occupied areas to encompass two thirds of the rail lines in China with goal of controlling the remainder, starting at Chengchow, in Summer, 1938. View of Chengchow region, on banks of the Yellow River. Map illustrates flow pattern of the Yellow River. View from past of the Yellow River's Spring floods toward the Sea, with Chinese people throwing rocks onto dikes that keep the river flowing in a more Northerly direction than its former course. Illustration shows how with Japanese encrouching on Chengchow, the Chinese decided to destroy those dikes and allow the river to flood over its former more Southerly course. Japanese soldiers being inundated by the flooding river. Japanese infantry and tanks regrouping on their occupied side of the new (old) path of the Yellow River. Local Chinese residents of Chengchow, wade with belongings as they leave their flooded homes.

Date: 1938
Duration: 6 min 2 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Various scenes of Japanese military activity in China, circa 1938 through 1942

Scenes of Japanese military activities in China, circa 1938 through 1942. Animated map shows thrusts of Japanese military forces at Guangzhou (Canton); Changsha to the North and points West circa 1938. A captured airfield with destroyed and damaged aircraft. A destroyed P-40 with Thunderbird image on its wing. A damaged P-40 parked in the grass displaying painted teeth motif of the Flying Tigers (American Volunteer Group of the Chinese Air Force). A scrap heap of airplane parts, at least one displaying the American star in circle insignia. A tattered map on Bulletin Board showing a logo on part of China. A village near the airfield. Japanese troops board a camouflaged barge to cross a river. A Japanese Ki-27 (Nate) airplane in flight overhead. Column of Japanese troops wending their way along a hillside. Smoke rising from explosions in a port town, with water and hill in background. Bombed out buildings in a town. Japanese infantry and an officer on horseback enter virtually deserted Chinese town. Camouflaged Japanese army vehicles and artillery travel on dusty road. A Ki-27 airplane flies low overhead. Japanese artillerymen set up 120mm gun and rangefinder. Battery of Japanese 120mm guns firing. Wreckage of an American B-25 aircraft. Wreckage of more Allied warplanes. Map showing Formosa; Wenzhou, opposite, on Chinese mainland; and Philippine Islands. Arrows depict Japanese military movements from the Ryukyu Islands.

Date: 1942
Duration: 2 min 50 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: Japanese
 
 
Jewish refugees disembark from the liner SS Conte Biancomano in Shanghai, China after arriving from Nazi Germany in 1938

Arrival of European Jews in Shanghai, China. Jewish refugees aboard SS Conte Biancomano at a port in Shanghai.. The refugees are processed by reception officials at a desk on deck, as they disembark. Some appear to travel by smaller boat to another location. The Japanese Cruiser Idzumo is at dock in front of the Japanese Consulate. Scenes of the travelers with their belongings on the Bund. They walk up a steel ramp to the back of an open truck and representatives, of the International Settlement organization,drive them to their next location. They stand in line at a food stand. A group looks at a map, together. Another group learns basic English words of "please" and "thank you." Group at table practices writing. The men and women have fun by going down a slide in what appears to be a school playground.

Date: 1938
Duration: 2 min 9 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
Scenes from World War 1, and world events in the period between World War I and World War II.

Rail guns firing in World War 1. U.S. troops charging out of trenches. Allied gunners firing "French 75s" Allied twin-tailed biplane bombers. French Renault F17 tanks. Crowds in cities celebrate Armistice Day and end of World War I. Treaty of Versailles. Destruction of warships. Scenes of Paris. A pagoda in Japan. Temples in Siam, China, and Manchuria. Two Kayan women in Myanmar or Thailand perform a dance. Both Kayan women wear long brass coil neck rings. In the U.S., a boy hits a baseball and runs toward first base. Scenes of Japan invading Manchuria. Newspaper with headline: Henry Stimson denouncing Japan. U.S. Army troops dispel World War I veteran bonus marchers. Men lined up in bread line for unemployed during Great Depression. Brief shot of Gangsters in gun battle in an American city. Scenes of dust bowl in American with farmers and families heading West in caravans. Family standing by tent. Torchlight parade in Germany. Adolf Hitler with German President Hindenburg. Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, and Victor Lutze, at 1934 Nazi Rally in Nuremberg. Italian Caproni bombers over Ethiopia. Ethiopian tribesmen and Haile Selassie. U.S.Neutrality Act. American youths with a 1930 Ford coupe. Scenes from Civil war in Spain. Spanish Rebel forces in ground combat with Nationalist forces. German and Italian aircraft participate in bombing Spanish Nationalist targets in Spanish Civil War. Spanish civilians flee bombing, tend to wounded following bombings. Italian Savoia-Marchetti S.M.79 Sparviero bombers. Crowds running for shelter. Women and children victims of bombing, some crying and in shock. Spanish General Franco arrives by train in southern France to meet with Hitler. View of Gallup Poll forms, and findings, with Americans against entering European war and preferring neutrality. Japanese planes and warships attack China. Naval Chinese civilians run for cover; bodies of Chinese in trucks. Japanese freighters, Buenos Aires and Tatsuno Maru, in U.S. ports being loaded with scrap iron and metals. Hitler, Goering and other officers in 1938. Adolf Hitler, Neville Chamberlain, Edouard Daladier, Benito Mussolini, Count Ciano sign Munich Agreement. Hitler riding standing up in an open car during a rally in Germany. Elevated view of Los Angeles, then view of traffic on streets of Los Angeles California and newspapers being sold to pedestrians. Citizens in movie theater watching Confessions of a Nazi Spy. German-American Bund activities including outdoor rallies in the U.S., and an indoor rally in Madison Square Garden. Emperor Hirohito reviewing World War 2 troops of Japan. Japanese steel production and arms production in Japanese factories. The Hokoku Maru Japanese ship being launched with fanfare from Tama Shipyards on July 5, 1939. Meeting of United States Military Affairs Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives in late 1939 to consider national defense matters. In meeting of Naval Affairs Committee, representative asks for increase of 25 percent in authorized naval tonnage.

Date: 1940
Duration: 11 min 26 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Martin M-130, the Giant China Clipper docked at port in San Pedro.

Shows Martin M-130 ,the Giant China Clipper docked at ports of San Pedro after it was forced to land 700 miles short due to an oil clog. Captain and a few crew members can be seen standing on fuselage. An inside view of plane as crew members look out of clipper's windows. Shots of rear and front views of the Clipper.January 1938.

Date: 1938, January
Duration: 35 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: None
 
 
Role of metals in Japanese war against China during 2nd Sino-Japanese Conflict

Scenes of Second Sino-Japanese War, circa 1938. Japanese soldiers observing battlefield from a ridge. Japanese artillerymen firing field pieces. Flight of two Mitsubishi Ki-15-1 light bombers in formation. Aerial view of Japanese bombs falling on Chinese cities. Chinese citizens, including an injured woman, seeking shelter from bombing. Aerial view of Chinese ship being strafed by Japanese aircraft. The ship explodes. Downed Japanese warplanes burning. Scenes of destruction from bombing of oil facilities. Iron ore being moved in Japanese rail cars. Steel plants around Yawata, Japan. Numerous containers of molten steel inside a steel plant. Hot Steel ingots being moved. Animated map shows locations of iron ore deposits in Japan. Scrap steel being imported that, narrator states, helped boost Japanese wartime production to 12 million ingot tons in the Sino-Japanese war. More views of open rail cars moving alloying elements to a steel mill. Open mining using explosives. Mining operations for copper and bauxite (aluminum ore). Japanese miners shoveling ore by hand into open rail cars. Open rail cars moving in both directions on parallel tracks. (Note: Although some narration refers to 1941 Japanese production, the images are from earlier period.)

Date: 1938
Duration: 3 min 8 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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