Leon Trotsky, seated in an easy chair in a library, reading from notes, describes the relative ascendancy of the United States and Colonial powers, vis-a-vis Europe, which he sees in decline. He says: "Europe, in general, has ceased to be the center of the world. It is foolish to hope that Europe, as it is, will again occupy that position. The present terrific crisis, in spite of its devastating effects on the United States, will change the relation of forces still farther, not in favor of Europe, but in favor of the United States and the colonial countries."
Film about Denmark after the German occupying force declared martial law and state of war with Denmark, in 1943-44 during World War 2. It was made by Danes and smuggled out of Denmark during that period. Opens with view of a church building and flocks of birds. Views of German army troops marching into Copenhagen, Denmark on 9 April 1940. SS troops dressed in black, marching. German soldiers carrying rifles with fixed bayonets, goosestepping. A fire burning at site sabotaged by Danish resistance elements in 1943. Derailed trains carrying goods to Germany. Fire at a German factory. Danish workers with bicycles staging a strike in protest German measures in response to resistance actions. Danes gathered in outdoor observance memorializing those killed by the Germans. A shop owned by German sympathizers (Quislings) destroyed by other Danes. People gathered on street on 29 August 1943, when the occupying German forces attacked the remaining Danish garrison and declared martial law. Announcement posted in Danish on a wall. View of Danish Naval vessels ordered scuttled by the Danish Admiralty, including the coastal defense ship,Peder-Skram, seen in front of a large building, the submarine, Havfruen (not seen) and others seen sunk at docks in Copenhagen harbor. Bullet hole through a glass window. A week later, on Sunday, 5 September, 1943, a German Panzer light tank is seen moving on a street, as pedestrians go about their business in Copenhagen. German soldiers patrolling on a motorcycle with sidecar. A man holding his hands up as he is hustled through a crowd under arrest by a German in black uniform. Motorcycle driving through pedestrians on the sidewalk. Spectators line a fence by an open field near a building labeled "Badstue Badminton." One, a woman, speaks through the fence to a Danish soldier interned there. View of the quarters of the Royal Guard at Rosenborg, occupied by German soldiers and with Nazi flag flying above it. Civilian relatives of interned men wait outside army headquarters for news about them. A courtyard, during a mass funeral, is filled with memorial flower wreaths covering the coffins of Danish soldiers and civilians killed by the Germans. Camera focuses on a wreath from King Christian of Denmark, among the many others. Two German soldiers march up a path at the Royal Residence Amalienborg, where King Christian is arrested. Views from moving camera as Danish flags are seen flying all over the city of Copenhagen, on 26 September, 1943, to celebrate the King's 73rd Birthday. The major exception is the Nazi Gestapo headquarters in the "Shellhus" (the prewar Shell Oil offices) shown in isolation. Views of people moving their belongings on hand carts after their homes were taken over by Germans. The slogan in English, "Do it well and do it now,"is seen left by Danish resistance fighters where they sabotaged a German military installation.
Film made by Danes, after increasing tensions between them German forces that invaded them in 1940, came to a head in August 1943, and the Germans placed Denmark under martial law. It covers the period 1943 and 1944, after which it was smuggled out of the country. Opening scene shows pallbearers at the funeral of Kaj Harald Leininger Munk (aka Kaj Munk) a Danish playwright and Lutheran pastor, who was assassintated by Nazi Gestapo agents, on 4 January, 1944. Narrator states that Nazi murder leagues assassinated some of Denmark's greatest leaders to intimidate the Danes and quell any rebellions. The coffin of Pastor Munk is lowered into its grave. Memorial stone and flowers are shown. Smoke rising and then a large conflagration are seen, from Danish acts of sabotage. Damaged buildings and more fires, from Danish sabotage, are seen. In response, the "Schalburg Corps," a Danish volunteer branch of the Nazi SS, began counter-sabotage (called Shalbotage by the Danes). Film shows fireman on ladders at the building of the Paramount Movie Company, Ltd. where smoke is coming from the windows. (Narrator says film companies that refused every form of collaboration were blown up.) View of severely damaged Nordisk film studio at Helerup. Windows shattered in department stores and in all shops along a street. Illums Bolighus (famous store of Scandinavian design) and many others are wrecked. Camera pans up the side of damaged building with bird painted on its side and the words: "mod lysere Dage.." (Brighter Days). Views of the destroyed Royal Yacht Club pavilion, in Copenhagen harbor. Destruction in Tivoli Gardens. Its concert hall completely destroyed. Fire burning at the Syndicate, Denmark's largest armaments factory, from bombing by saboteurs, in June, 1944. Danes walking in Copenhagen, on a summer evening, flaunting the Nazi curfew from 8PM to 6AM and then lighting bonfires after dark. Abandoned wheel barrows and empty streets are shown when residents of Copenhagen all go home in a general strike. Several German soldiers are seen in otherwise empty street, as the German Commander in Chief declares the city of Copenhagen under siege. A German tank parked in the street amidst pedestrians. Barricades set up by strikers in a street. The American flag flying high over a street. The "Bulldog" a department store in flames. A car serving as an ambulance drives down a street displaying a white flag. A long line of Danes wait at a street corner shop for self-rationed food. Danes drawing fresh water from lakes to be brought to hospitals, where needed. View from above of strikers at a barricade. Narrator states that after 5 days, the Germans gave in and agreed to Danish terms. View of open area in the city, where people stand in silence to commemorate those who lost their lives in the struggle. Danish man looking through chain link fence. More scenes of continued sabotage by Danes.
Aerial views of Copenhagen, Denmark. Swedish Fokker F.XXII passenger airplane, named "Lappland," at the airport. Danish Airline Fokker F.VII passenger airplane. It taxis quickly, and stops in front of the airport terminal. Woman passenger deplanes. Luggage is removed from aft of the cabin. A German Lufthansa Junkers JU-52 with wheel pants, taxis and parks. Passengers and a uniformed crew member deplane.The name "A.B. Aerotransport" printed on Fokker F.XXII. A steam locomotive pulls a passenger train into railroad station. A passenger ocean liner docks Cars, taxis and buses meet the liner. Passengers disembarking from ocean liner. Taxi carrying passengers to hotel. A couple sign in at hotel desk, as bellman luggage into hotel lobby. The couple peruse a booklet showing sights in Copenhagen and discuss them in English. View of Copenhagen City hall With trams and cars driving past and pedestrians on sidewalks. View of clock tower on City Hall. View from high above Town Hall Square. Rack filled with bicycles. A messenger heading off on a bicycle. An open air market, with many farmers' and mongers' small trucks parked in lines. Numerous customers visiting the marketplace. Flower sellers' stalls along sidewalk. Fishing boats at the pier in Nyhavn (New Harbor). People eating at tables and women preparing foods for sale. Tram operators boarding their cars and driving away. Tram operators boarding their cars and driving away. Boats in a canal and a rowboat moving through a pictureque arch under a bridge. Diners at long tables in a restaurant. A policeman. Tower of Saint Nicholas Church. View of Frederik's Church. Church of Our Lady . Statue of Moses. Grundvig Memorial Church. Gefion Fountain.Hans Christian Andersen statue. King Christian IX Monument. Statue of King Frederik VII. Statue of Archbishop Absalon. Statue of King Frederick V. Formal gateway with Doric columns. King Frederick IX and Queen Ingrid in open coach. Drawbridge opening for small sailboat..
A Danish crowd celebrates victory on the streets of Copenhagen, Denmark at the end of World War II. A British fleet enters Copenhagen harbor. British General Bernard Montgomery reviews Danish honor guard aboard a German cruiser in the harbor. Men and women dance on the deck of the ship. General Montgomery rides in a convertible car along the streets of Copenhagen. Cheering crowd on both sides of the streets. King of Denmark Christian X arrives for reopening of the Danish parliament.
American soldiers in Copenhagen, Denmark. U.S. soldiers and civilians in the streets of recently liberated Copenhagen. Soldiers eat in a sidewalk café, buy groceries and stroll down the streets. A soldier looks at a shop window.