New government formed in East Germany after the defeat of Nazis in World War II. Early GDR (DDR) Communist Party meeting underway in East Germany in 1949. Attendees applaud as GDR President Wilhelm Pieck, leader of the party, is congratulated. Joseph Stalin reviews parade at Kremlin in Moscow. East German refugees fleeing to the West with their belongings in hand. East German military erecting fence posts for new wire fences to deter escape. Watch tower overlooking a border zone between East Germany and West Germany. Socialist meetings in small towns in East Germany. Townspeople marching through towns with party flags. Industry under communist rule, with men and women working at metal and coal factories and at railroads. Citizen soldiers, both men and women being trained and armed with rifles as local militia. They march in a parade with their arms. Children with Bows and arrows follow them. An archery contest for the children with Communist party leaders looking on in approval. A young East German girl shoots an arrow and hits the bulls eye on a target of Konrad Adenauer, leader of West Germany. Soviet military and tanks parade on streets of East Germany.
A film titled 'The Big Picture'. Ruined buildings of Nazi Germany. Eagle of Third Reich pulled down. United States Army of occupation marches into city as German population line sidewalks and watch them. Sign on a shop reads 'Gaststatte Schosser'. American soldiers give candy to German children. Nazi leaders,Hermann Göring, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, and Wilhelm Keitel, in the Nuremberg war crimes trials. German people struggling to rebuild. Americans providing food assistance and feeding German children. Russian troops occupying East Berlin. Russians removing a lathe and other machinery and tools from Germany. A map of Germany and Berlin seen with divided regions as American, British, French and Soviet zones. Children play amidst the desolation and destruction in East Berlin. Kammergericht, Headquarters of the Allied Control Council. American General Joseph T. McNarney. French General Marie Pierre Kœnig (Marie-Pierre Koenig). Soviet General Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov. British Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery. Spandau prison guarded by troops of occupying powers. Soviet blockade of West Berlin. Germans plant vegetables in city to survive. The Berlin Airlift operations. U.S. Air Force C-54 in flight bringing supplies to West Berlin. C-97 landing. Unloading relief supplies from airlift aircraft. American C-47s and C-54s in the Berlin Airlift. Soap and milk being loaded on airplanes. German children watch American airlift planes land at Tempelhof Aerodrome, Berlin. Tiny parachute with candy drops from American airplane. Children run to retrieve it. blockade is lifted in 1949 and rebuilding of West Berlin resumes. Trains cross between East and West Berlin. German people cast votes,establishing Federated German Republic, U.S. General Alfred B. Gruenther with Konrad Adenauer,President of the new German Republic. in the West.Workers seen working on construction sites. Soviet oppressed East Germany faces riots. Refugees from East Germany in West Germany.
German invasion of Russia during World War II. A map showing German invasion path in Russia until defeat at siege of Stalingrad. A map showing Soviet postwar expansion into Eastern Poland, East Prussia, portions of Finland and other areas. Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia are incorporated as Republics into the Soviet Union. Russian zones of occupation in Germany, Austria and North Korea. Map depicts an "Iron Curtain" encompassing the Soviet postwar territories. Soviet troops and tanks occupying countries. Soviet ZSU-57-2 self-propelled anti-aircraft guns traveling along a city street. Crowds cheering in a stadium in Soviet East Germany. President Wilhelm Pieck of the German Democratic Republic is among people seen applauding in the stands. . Soviet cargo ships in a harbor operating under trade agreements. Chinese Communist forces moving with guns and artillery and tanks to expel Chiang Kai-Shek and Chinese Nationalists from mainland China, in 1949. Chinese refugees including a casualty and a child holding a bag.
Animated map shows thrust of German forces during invasion of Soviet Russia in World War 2. Stalingrad is highlighted as a turning point. Another animated map shows Soviet territorial gains at the end of the war, as narrator discusses the disposition of those places and their respective populations, as in Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia. He also discusses Soviet zones of occupation. Animated map shows "Iron Curtain." Soviet troops on parade. Soviet ZSU-57-2 self-propelled anti-aircraft guns (SPAAG) on display during a parade in 1945. A stadium filled with people in Soviet-occupied East Germany, in 1949. Friedrich Wilhelm Reinhold Pieck, the first President of the German Democratic Republic, is seen in the stands. Young East German women parade in traditional costumes, clapping their hands, in the stadium. Waterfront scenes show Soviet trade activities with post-war occupied entities. Scenes of conflict as Chinese communist forces expel Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalist Chinese forces from the mainland to Formosa, in 1949. A litter-borne casualty and a refugee mother and small girl are seen.
Speaking before United Nations Atomic Energy Commission (UNAEC) in its first meeting in June 1946, Bernard Baruch proposes international control of all atomic energy -- the so-called Baruch Plan. Low level aerial view of ruined post World War 2 European city. Goods including heavy equipment, locomotives, being loaded aboard ships to aid in the postwar recovery of Europe (The Marshall Plan). Workers in Western Europe making use of Marshall Plan materials to rebuild their national infrastructures. West European farmers restoring agriculture. View from overflying light airplane of parts of postwar Berlin in 1948. Blocked roads and empty railroad tracks leading from East Germany to West Germany, blocked by the Soviet Union. Barge traffic at standstill due to Soviet actions. U.S. C-54 transport aircraft flying supplies into West Berlin (The Berlin Airlift) during the Soviet blockade of that city. West Berliners watching U.S. transport aircraft bringing fuel, food and other essentials into the isolated city. A C-54 flying low over empty railroad lines, as it prepares to land in West Berlin. Supplies offloaded from a DC-3 ( AKA C-47 or British Dakota) equipped with unusual set of rear cargo doors. Supplies being moved on Tegel Airport with many C-54 aircraft in the background. Numerous C-47 aircraft operating at Tempelhof airdrome. An East German official opening a barricade as Soviet blockade of West Berlin ends on May 12, 1949, and supply trucks begin to move over roads again. Flags of Western nations flying on high flagpoles. Glimpse of Allied warships underway during World War 2. Formation of P-38 Lightning aircraft in flight overhead. NATO troops marching and NATO armor on parade. Flashes of heavy artillery firing at night. Korean refugees moving South in 1950 with the outbreak of the Korean War. View of UN Security Council meeting in the absence of Soviet representative. U.S. tanks firing guns and American infantrymen in conflict with North Korea in Korean War. American wounded on stretchers.
Refugees throng Shanghai as Chinese Army advances. Many are screened by Nationality before boarding the USS General W.H.Gordon to evacuate. The ship departs from Shanghai. Communists parade in Italy and assemble at event overseen by Communist leader Palmiro Togliatti. In East Germany a large statue-Poster showing Marshal Stalin. Speakers at rally of East German FDGB (Freier Deutscher Gewerkshaftsbund) which is the Free German Trade Union Federation. Rioting and destruction in East Berlin.