The First Battle of the Masurian Lakes, September 1-7, 1914, in World War 1. Animated map shows maneuvering of German 8th Army forces under Paul von Hindenburg in East Prussia, against the Russian 1st Army under Paul von Rennenkampf. This is a German counter offensive following their victory against the German 2nd Army in the battle of Tannenberg, in August,. The animated map shows rapid movements of the German forces (reflecting their use of extensive rail networks in the area). Slate states that 350 thousand Russian prisoners were taken in this new quick German counterattack. Remainder of the sequence shows countless numbers of surrendered Russian First Army troops marching along a road.
Austrian troops on the Eastern Front during World War 1 battling Russian forces. During a lull in battle, they move cautiously among fallen soldiers, on the battlefield, seeking to help any still alive. Austro-Hungarian medics find and retrieve one wounded soldier on a stretcher.
Flanders Hitler Youth units and Eastern Front volunteers at a ceremony in Ghent, Belgium during World War II. Trumpeters play on a parapet. The Eastern Front volunteers marching in a column holding swastika flags in Gravensteen, the Castle of the Counts (Ghent's oldest monument dating from 800 AD). Several others watching them march. Men and women units of Flanders Hitler Youth and Eastern Front volunteers standing in formation during a ceremony on the castle ground. An insignia on the castle. An officer holding a swastika flag marches leading Flanders Hitler Youth units. A few officers standing in formation in front of the castle. An officer shaking hands with an Eastern Front volunteer and handing over the swastika flag to the volunteer. The volunteers standing in formation holding swastika flags. The volunteers wearing armbands with swastika sign.
German Army retreats from the Eastern Front and destroy railroads and villages in their way, during World War II. A map shows German expansion on the eastern front in Estonian LIthuanian border in Europe, during World War II. German soldiers retreat from the eastern front towards a new line of defense. German soldiers dynamite railroad tracks and retreat from a burning village. Natives of the village evacuate it with their luggage and livestock. Soviet tanks and trucks damaged by German small arms and artillery fired.
United Garment workers (UGW) Union members discuss plan for 1914 convention in Nashville Tennessee. View from locomotive traveling on a straight train track. A steam locomotive pulling a passenger train. Trainman on rail car waving a lantern. Views of the convention, October 12, 1914, in Nashville, headed by UGW President Thomas A. Rickert of Chicago. Union locals from New York, Boston, Rochester, Cincinnati, Philadelphia, and Baltimore, were deemed in arrears on dues (although they had been on strike) and not allowed to participate. They walked out, with the Chicago delegation too. View of Telegram sent from Nashville, by the dissidents, to Sidney Hillman in New York, October, 1914, asking him to head a rival union. Photo of Hillman taking telephone call. A special convention at Webster Hall, in New York City, where dissidents join with Journeyman Tailors union and form the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America, with Sidney Hillman as President. Key members of the new union are seen standing in front of a car. Sidney Hillman in his office dictating to his secretary. Copies of the new union's House organs in various languages. Amalgamated Clothing Workers holding signs in various languages. Workers pose on a truck by a sign reading:"A Fair Deal, A Chance to Live, Arbitration is all we ask." Workers in cars. Girls on roller skates wearing sashes reading: "Don't Be A Scab." A man in a barrel with sign reading: "Can't afford to wear pants. Pa works in an open shop." Women pose in sandwich boards that spell out: "Closed Shop." Philadelphia garment worker ostensibly writing letter to Sidney Hillman. Shop owners examine sewn item and shop records while man works at sewing machine.
The Germans dig defensive positions on the eastern border of Germany during World War II. Hitler Youth, Reich Labor Service units and Baltic people dig defensive trenches on Germany's eastern border. View of Hitler youth lined up with shovels ready to fall out and dig. Hitler youth ride to the eastern front trench digging site on bicycles while holding shovels. At the trenches, men and women march carrying shovels and dig defensive positions. Mass hand digging effort underway by men and women and Hitler youth. Ground and aerial views of the trenches being dug. Wide aerial view of long line of jagged defensive trenches separating German held areas from the front with the Soviet Russian forces.