The fourth presidential election debate between Democratic nominee Senator John F. Kennedy and Republican nominee U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon on 21st October 1960 in in New York, United States. News correspondent Quincy Howe speaks prior to the fourth Kennedy-Nixon presidential debate. Mr. Howe reads out the rules and conditions under which the candidates will proceed. He says that Senator Kennedy will make the second opening statement and the first closing statement. Vice President Nixon speaks about the present issue in the United States which is keeping peace without surrender. The peace which is threatened by international communist movements. Nixon says that the United States has to learn from mistakes made in past. He relates to this by mentioning the period of the Iron Curtain in Europe and during the Korean War. Nixon says that situation in President Dwight Eisenhower's administration is reversed. He says that the United States made errors in the past in misjudging the Communists, applying same rules of conduct that are applied to the leaders of the free world. Nixon mentions East-West Paris summit conference of 1960 and Eisenhower's policy regarding Formosa Straits. Nixon speaks that that United States should increase its military strength to high level regardless of what potential opponents have and if any surprise attack is launched, the United States can destroy their war-making capacity. Nixon further says that American policies of military strength, economic strength, and diplomatic firmness will keep the peace without surrender.
Nazi soldiers at attention with guns drawn in Berlin during World War 2. U.S. soldiers on watch from damaged Berlin building. Man watching Berlin wall with binoculars while sitting in car. Pan American passenger airplane in flight after the war. Pan American passenger reading Time and other magazines. Aerial view of Berlin early 1960s. Pan American plane landing at Tempelhof Airport. Pan American passengers descending to tarmac under sign that reads, "Today Pan American has completed 93153 Transatlantic Crossings" Brandenburg Gate early 1960s. Drive through Brandenburg Gate in the 1920s. Drive through Berlin in the 1920s. Tourist bus flying American flag departs in Berlin 1920s. Berlin University 1920s. Early Nazis driving in Berlin streets. Hitler saluting parade. Hitler addressing Germans. Berlin in ruins Spring 1945 as tanks pass in front of Brandenburg Gate. Old starving woman walks on streets of Berlin amist ruins in 1945. Ruins of Berlin include Reichstag Building during 1945 battle. Women and children emerging from underground Berlin bunker in 1945, to a scene of devastation and rubble in the city. Ground view of the ruined Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche or Gedächtniskirche). Interior of ruined Reichstag Building. Potsdam Conference 1945, Map of WWII Europe. Berlin map, including official Berlin map with signatures showing Zones of Occupation. Germany allied control authority gathering including American, British, and Soviet representatives. French, American, Soviet flags in Germany. Rebuilding of Berlin mostly by women clearing rubble, using shovels, wheelbarrows and cleaning old bricks for reuse. Over crowded train in Germany post-WWII filled with civilian refugees abandoning the cities and heading to the countryside of Germany to resettle.
Senator Richard Nixon as the Vice President with President Eisenhower. Nixon shakes hands with Lyndon Johnson. Nixon holds office of President during President's absence. Nixon during visit to various nations of Latin America, Europe and Asia. Nixon during the famous 'No holes barred' debate with Soviet General Secretary Nikita Khrushchev. Khrushchev shakes hand with Nixon. Large crowds of supporters cheer for Nixon during the President Election campaign in 1960. Nixon after the defeat in the elections tries to recover from the trauma. From a promotional film released during the 1972 presidential election.
U.S. President Richard M Nixon after being elected as the President of the United States. Richard Nixon working as Vice President with President Eisenhower. Nixon shakes hands with Lyndon Johnson. Nixon holds office of the President during President Eisenhower's absence. Nixon during his visits to various nations of Latin America, Europe and Asia. Nixon during the famous "No holds barred" debate with Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev. Khrushchev shakes hand with Nixon. President Eisenhower receives Nixon as he returns from the Soviet Union. Large crowds of supporters cheer for Nixon during his Presidential election campaign in 1960. Nixon after the defeat in the elections tries to recover from the trauma. From a pro-Nixon "documentary" called "Portrait of a President" about President Richard Nixon. Released during his 1972 reelection campaign.
The fourth presidential election debate held between Democratic nominee Senator John F. Kennedy and Republican nominee U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon in New York, United States on 21st October 1960. ABC News correspondent Quincy Howe speaks during the debate and allows correspondent Walter Cronkite to ask Senator Kennedy a question. Mr. Cronkite asks Senator Kennedy that in what areas the United States might take offensive against communism rather than being defensive to the Soviet Union. Senator Kennedy replies to the question and says that the eastern Europe is very vulnerable area according to him. He says there should be policies which make it possible to establish closer relation with a country like Poland and he also mentions the Hungarian Revolution. Senator Kennedy speaks about the relations between the Soviet Union and China. He says that India represents a great area for affirmative action by the free world. India started from about the same place that China did. India under a free society has been making some progress. But if India does not succeed, Communism can take over. He says that in Africa, Asia, Latin America, eastern Europe, the great force on their side is the desire of people to be free. Correspondent Howe asks Vice President Nixon to comment on the topic. Nixon speaks about Poland and says that Poland in not in a position to take any independent position under Soviet control. He talks about aids being sent to Poland from the U.S. and says that the U.S. can have more exchange with Poland or with any other Iron Curtain countries.
A group of former war correspondents from World War II departs Chicago for Europe to attend ceremonies marking the 25th anniversary of the Allied invasion of Europe. Traffic on streets and highways of Chicago. Dowtown Chicago street and traffic as seen from a moving bus. Point of view shots from a moving bus of Chicago freeways and highways clogged with 1960s era automobiles, on the way to O'Hare airport. Aircraft at O'Hare International Airport. A correspondent gets off a bus at the airport. Correspondents and wives pose around a Pan American Airways Boeing 707 aircraft. Men and women with luggage pose and talk. Correspondents board the aircraft. The aircraft taxis along the runway and moves past other aircraft and buildings at the airport. The aircraft takes off.