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European Theater 1948 stock footage and images

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A-3 water missile moves across water in the European Theater.

A review of research and development in guided missiles by the United States Air Force from 1919 to 1948. Type A-3 water born missile move across water. The missile is a radio controlled motor launch. A-3 radio controlled motor launch maneuvers about on the water surface.

Date: 1944
Duration: 28 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Life under Soviet domination in Eastern Europe following World War II

Legislators entering a hall in Czechoslovakia, in 1948. Inside,an image of the Small Coat of Arms of the Republic of Czechoslovakia (1920) dominates the scene. New scene shows Gustav Husak, acting Prime Minister, delivering an address urging support for the Communist Party. The next sequence shows violent Communist-led demonstrations, as armed trade unionists riot in the Prague streets, attacking the offices of the political opposition. Police attempt to restore order. On February 25, 1948, the communists achieve a Czechoslovak coup d'état. On February 27th, Czech President, Edvard Benes, receives a delegation including communist Premier Klement Gottwald and the 12 new members of the cabinet, at the Presidential Palace. He is seen signing documents accepting the communist cabinet. Change of scene shows Czech Foreign Minister, Jan Masaryk, giving a speech rejecting the change. (He remained in office, but died under suspicious circumstances on On March 10, 1948.) View of Masaryk in his casket. Mourners at his funeral.The Czech Parliament Building with flag at half staff. President Benes seen strolling, using a cane, accompanied by his wife, Hana Benes, in the garden of their summer home, Benesova vila, in Sezimovo Usti. Narrator notes that he refused to sign a new constitution drawn up by the communists. He died of natural causes at his villa on September 3, 1948. Scenes of his funeral and of him in his casket. Views of Benes' state funeral, with mourners lining the streets. View of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Narrator describes circumstances using Churchill's term "Iron Curtain." A communist parade in an Eastern European city. A person who was roughed up on the street. View of East German uprising in 1953, being suppressed with Soviet tanks. Uprising in Poland in 1955 being put down by local police and Russian soldiers. Polish musicians playing and examples of Polish political cartoons permitted under relaxed communist rule.

Date: 1955
Duration: 2 min 45 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Czechoslovak coup with Communists coming to power; anti-Communist demonstrations in various European nations over 10 years

U.S. propaganda piece about threats by communists against various European countries. The Czechoslovak coup and demonstrations. Czech citizens moving on a street in Czechoslovakia during a strike forcing conservative elements to resign from the cabinet. Scenes of police brutality and beatings against strikers. Communists take over the police. Czech President Edvard Benes with conservative politicians in a government building. Huge crowd on a street. Police clashing with crowd. Czech Prime Minister Klement Gottwald with officials. President Edvard Benes, facing possible civil war or invasion by the Soviet Union, accepts a Communist cabinet. He is seen signing documents to that effect on February 25, 1948. Other officials beside President Benes during the signing. View of the first President of Czechoslovakia Tomas Masaryk's son, Jan Masaryk, who remained the Foreign Minister, and did not agree to the new government. Two days later Jan Masaryk is discovered dead. The body of Jan Masaryk in a coffin. Edvard Benes, who resigned in June 1948 after refusing to sign the communist constitution, is seen walking slowly outside the Parliament using a cane. A guard saluting Benes. View of the body of Edvard Benes, who died in September 1948, laying in a coffin. Mourning citizens offering flowers and cry. Officials bearing the coffin. Shift several years later to street strikes in East Germany in 1953. People during a strike and riot in Poland in 1956. Russian tanks moving on a street and Soviet soldiers are seen. Elevated view of panic and Polish citizens fleeing soldiers. October 1956: Student demonstrators on street in Budapest Hungary during the Hungarian Uprising of 1956. Soviet Russian red star is toppled by crowds from a building roof in a sign of defiance. Russian troops respond with tanks on the streets in Hungary. Crowd fights back. Russians retreat. Crowd overwhelms local police. Imre Nagy, Prime Minister of Hungary, ascends steps. Hungarian crowd on streets burn communist books and papers. Russian tanks invade Hungary to crush revolt. Tanks fire guns on Hungarian street. Imre Nagy's execution announced June 17, 1958.

Date: 1956
Duration: 3 min 37 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
U.S. Signal Corps officers and soldiers use mine detectors, modern radars, and meteorological equipment during World War II.

The role and contribution of the U.S. Army Signal Corps in combat and war. U.S. shuttle ships loaded with signal communication supplies for U.S. and Allied troops in the European Theater make their way in the Atlantic ocean. The Squier Laboratory at Camp Alfred Vail in Fort Monmouth, New Jersey. A technician works on signal communication equipment in the laboratory. U.S. soldiers use mine detectors in the European Theater during World War II. The mine detectors detect metallic, non-metallic mines, wooden box mines, and mines in glass containers. Artillery soldiers bury large microphones into the ground in advance zones. The microphones relay back information on enemy artillery. Soldiers receive the information on radio sets. U.S. aircraft on a training flight simulating real combat situation: The aircraft lost in heavy rain and rough weather, looking for the location of Boston. The pilot switches on a modern advanced radar. The radar waves pierce thick clouds, are reflected by Earth's surface and display an image on the scope. The image shows the clear location of Boston harbor directly under the aircraft. U.S. bombers attack over the Channel coast on D-Day (6 June, 1944). U.S. soldiers employ meteorological equipment for long range weather forecast in the European Theater during World War II. Soldiers release a hydrogen balloon into the sky. Another soldier uses an apparatus to take readings of atmospheric conditions behind enemy lines. An aircraft drops an automatic weather station called SCM-18-TI by parachute into enemy territory. The timed mechanism sends out weather data in codes. The interior of the automatic weather station lying open in a field.

Date: 1943
Duration: 3 min 15 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Suffering post-war economy of Britain and start of Marshall Plan to rebuild Europe

'Get your new ration books and identity cards here' written on a sign. British civilians line up to obtain new post-war ration books. Women shopping for rationed food. British ships idle in ports as exports wane. View of New York harbor with tugs and barges and Manhattan skyline and skyscrapers in background. Woman holding poster advertising First International Auto Show including European cars to be shown in New York City. British cars in their first car show. One of the cars shown is the 1948 Ghost Minx with two women seated inside it. A 1948 Jaguar convertible is also shown. Communist parades in Europe and Asia. Start of Marshall Plan to help Europe rebuild after the war. Newspaper shows President Truman signing Foreign Aid Bill.

Date: 1948
Duration: 2 min 13 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
P-38 planes fly over B-17 planes in European Theatre of Operations

38th and 338th Fighter Squadron P-38H's taxi round perimeter track at Nuthampstead and take-off down main runway. Some of the planes take off in pairs and others singly. Among those seen are , Lt. Jerry Ayers' P-38H coded CG-Q and Lt. Stanley Richardson's P-38H coded CL-X. Views of 55th Fighter Group P-38H planes escorting 91st Bomb Group B-17Fs in European Theater of Operations. Flights of P-38 planes position themselves to protect B-17 formations. Crew officers (including Capt. Hancock of the 38th FS) observe the activities from ground. The P-38s return to land. One P-38 releases drop tank over the airfield before landing.

Date: 1943
Duration: 3 min 38 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
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