Chinese Nationalist troops during a maneuver in Formosa. Chinese ships underway at sea. Explosions occur in water. Aircraft in flight. Tanks and tracked vehicles at a beach. The troops practice amphibious landings at the beach. President of China Chiang Kai Shek watches the maneuvers. Chinese soldiers fire rifles. A soldier talks over a hand radio as explosions occur.
Views of Tainan, Taiwan under Japanese colonial administration. Steam locomotive pulling train, glides into railroad station in Tainan, Taiwan. People on platform near another track, step down and cross it to board from trackside, as others board from proper platform. Next is shown the front of the train station, in old town square. Palm trees grow in grass area. Pedestrians, a few vehicles, and a man pulling a cart are seen. Scene shifts to wide street with multistory buildings having shops on the ground floor. A woman pushes a baby in a carriage. A man pulls a wagon piled high with some kind of commercial product. Scene shifts to the Japanese Tainan shrine. Next a scenic park and lake are seen with a family dressed as Japanese, walking on the lawn. Another park-like scene shows a couple in Japanese attire, with their child, accompanied by two other similarly dressed women. Closeup of Taiwanese pottery items. A stone sculpture of a horse. View of the the Taiwan Confucius Temple aka the Scholarly Temple. Ruins of old Dutch Fort Zeelandia in Anping, Tainan, with ancient gun barrels layed out on porch floor. A tree is growing through the stone floor. Several sampans are seen being skillfully rowed in the water by boatmen in conical straw hats. Closeups of wooden boat sterns decorated with paintings. Children running along the waterfront past docked sampans. Views of memorial stones in the Anping cemetery. Workers skiming salt from evaporation ponds and placing containers of salt on small open rail cars. Closeup of containers that workers use to transport salt. Closups of rock salt. Views from moving railroad train moving across landscape. View from rear of speeding train, showing long straight track behind.
Taiwan under Japanese colonial administration. Taiwanese people in market place in Taiwan. Aerial view of the buildings in the city streets. Motorcycles, rickshaws and cars on the street. The commercial district and market place. People and traffic on the street. A view of the street. Buildings on either side of the street. People ride bicycles. A historical building in the center. Traffic on the street. The market place. The people crowd on the street. They shop from the market. A tea factory. The young children shift tea leaves. Formosan laborers pack tea leaves for export. A packed carton. A laborer transfers tea leaves into a box in the background. The packed boxes in the foreground.
The third Kennedy-Nixon Presidential Debate in the United States. Charles Van Fremd from CBS News asks Republican candidate U.S. Vice President Richard M Nixon that if he were the president would he launch a war if the Chinese Communists began an invasion of Quemoy and Matsu and if he would authorize the use of nuclear weapons if regular conventional forces failed to halt the invasion. Nixon answers and states that it is irresponsible for a presidential candidate to indicate the course of action and the weapons he would use in the event of such an attack. He states that he would not say in advance how the U.S. would respond. He states that the Chinese Communists do not want just Quemoy and Matsu or Formosa, but the world. He concludes that defense of the free world territories and not surrender will lead to the path of peace. Democratic candidate Senator John F Kennedy talks about a treaty to defend Formosa and the Pescadores Island. He states that the U.S. would meet its commitment to Formosa. He disagrees with Nixon's suggestion that the United States should go to war if Quemoy and Matsu islands are attacked as the treaty does not include these two islands. He concludes and says that the U.S. would defend if Formosa or the Pescadores Island is under attack.
U.S. Army Air Forces XX Bomber Command Operations during World War 2. A Boeing B-29-10-BW Superfortress, number 42-6347, named "King Size," of the 462nd Bombardment Group, 769th Bombardment Squadron. It is seen here, at their forward operating base on Kiunglai Airfield, China. Tents are seen near the flight line. Numerous bombs are lined up on the ground ready to be loaded aboard the bomber. A B-29 taking off at nightfall. A formation of B-29s in flight. Bombs being dropped over Japanese installations at Hatto, Formosa (aka Taiwan). View of B-29 landing after the mission. (Note. Formosa was a Japanese colonial territory from 1895 to 1945.)
A Battalion of Nationalist Chinese troops assembled in formation on a ramp at an airbase in Formosa (Taiwan). They wear summer conical hats. Their Commander, a Major, calls them to attention and addresses them. Next, a Sergeant is seen briefing a squad of camouflaged soldiers. A landing craft stops short of a beach and Nationalist Chinese troops jump out, wade ashore, and charge across the beach. From different view, the beach is seen to have barbed wire and other obstacles on it. Smoke rises from live fire carried out at side of beach. The troops dash between obstacles and surmount a berm. Next, soldiers are seen riding atop two camouflaged U.S. M2 half-tracks, crossing a bridge, at high speed. They are followed by two U.S. Stuart M3 light tanks and infantry running behind. An infantryman running along a furrow in a cultivated field. Two infantrymen run through a rice paddy where farmer is working. One gets exhausted and falls down in the paddy. Two soldiers firing a mortar. Another soldier demonstrates throwing a hand grenade, and ducks for cover as it explodes. Three soldiers firing an M1917 Browning water-cooled machine gun. Goosestepping Nationalist Chinese troops parade along a wide dirt road, past several buildings. They raise considerable dust as they march.