A U.S. Army Signal Corps training film on Rules for controlling German prisoners of war. International conference 1929 in Geneva, Switzerland. Various officers and dignitaries in the conference. Image of Field Manual 27-10 states the Rules of Land Warfare based on the Geneva Conventions and describes standard procedures for handling Prisoners of War. Scene of 20,000 Prisoners of War who surrender under Nazi Major General Eric Elster at Loire, France September 16, 1944 to the United States 3rd Army, 83rd Division, under General Macon. General Elster salutes General Macon, then approaches the microphones in the middle of a roadway and delivers a surrender speech. General Macon then replies accepting the surrender on behalf of General Simpson. General Macon states that the men will be treated according to the rules made during the conference in Geneva.
U.S. Army Air Forces vehicles parked at curb near Hotel France, in Ambilly France, during World War 2. American and other allied flyers gathered near a plaza. some are in uniform and some in civilian clothes. All have escaped from internment across the border, in Switzerland. Local French people gather around them as they are photographed. Next scene shows the flyers leaving in the AAF Vehicles. A soldier stands near a street sign in the town (Ambilly). It points to the Swiss frontier border. (Another sign shows the Ambilly town speed limit of 30Km per hour.) View of Chateau of Chillon, on Lake Geneva, Switzerland, with cloud and mist above it and majestic Alps mountains behind.
The League of Nations in session in Geneva, Switzerland following World War II. British and French Prime Ministers Anthony Eden and Pierre Laval step from a car out side a building. Interiors of the building with the League of Nations in session. A statesman addresses the delegates.
General of the Imperial Japanese Army Baron Sadao Araki speaks for a while, with the National flag of Japan (Sun-mark flag) in the background. A group of Japanese hikers is seen on the windy slope of a snow-covered mountain. Camera pans across the snowy scene. Closeups of individual hikers, who seem intimidated by the prospect of continuing their journey. Next, they are seen climbing the mountain, using picks, and lifelines, in an experienced manner. As the leader reaches the summit, he secures their lifeline and assists those behind as they arrive. Shadow of the leader is cast on the snow at the summit. As they cross a Crevasse, one of the climbers falls in, but his descent is stopped by the lifeline. Others work securing the line and pulling him up. With their help, he gains footing up the side of the crevasse and climbs out. Scene shifts completely to the Palace of Nations, Geneva, Switzerland, home of the League of Nations. Inside, Japan's chief delegate, Foreign Minister Yosuke Matsuoka, is seen objecting to the League's report charging Japan with responsibility for the hostilities in Manchuria. Animated map shows Europe with arrow pointing to Geneva, Switzerland. A cartoon explosion rises there and drifts East to encircle Japan in its smoke, transforming into a steel chain around Japan and environs. It shrinks, successively tightening its grip, choking Japan into its home islands, where the Japanese national Sun-mark flag flies. A train arrives at a crowded station. The crowd contains many persons displaying protest banners and waving small Japanese National flags. Many police are amongst the crowd, maintaining order. Next, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Yosuke Matsuoka, arrives from Geneva to report to the Emperor and Government. He steps from a limousine, and walks across an esplanade, followed by many officials. He and they, all bow toward the Imperial Palace, as a photographer takes their picture. For a moment, Yosuke Matsuoka holds a handkerchief to his face as he proceeds across the esplanade. The animated map appears again, this time showing the encircling cartoon smoke ring looping out to enclose part of Manchuria, where the flag of Manchukuo now flies. Scene shifts back to the mountain climbers, who now are descending from the summit. View of clouds below them as they stand with arms raised celebrating their accomplishment with what appears to be three "Banzai" shouts. Final scene is a view from moving railroad train of Mount Fuji and other views of Mount Fuji.
Film scenes span from early 1940s through mid 1960s. Film opens showing armed conflict in Laos and South America. Soldiers firing rifles in jungle areas. Armed men running across a field and in a town in Cyprus. Heavy armor engaged in conflict and buildings burning in undisclosed location. Riots in Congo with a crowd of men beating another man. Armed Republic of South Vietnam soldiers (ARVN) moving through jungle in Vietnam. A Viet Cong shot as ARVN troops attack a hut. People fleeing in streets of Cuba as government soldiers engage armed revolutionaries under Castro. A civilian woman suffering a seizure as Red Cross workers attempt to carry her. Burned body of dead tank crew soldier atop a tank. Medical corps persons moving wounded on a stretcher. Various views of ARVN with captured Viet Cong in Vietnam. Narrator discussion about Geneva Conventions and Counterinsurgency. View of the Palace of Nations building in Geneva Switzerland. Scene shifts to inside, in 1949, where delegates of 59 nations are gathered to develop rules to protect prisoners of war, wounded prisoners, noncombatants and others caught up such internal conflicts. View from ground of German paratroopers during World War 2, jumping from Junkers Ju-52 trimotor transport planes. Closeup of German soldiers leaping from a plane and descending in parachutes. Japanese soldiers surrendering to Americans on a Pacific Island in World War 2. Several scenes of massacre victims lying on the ground, victims of Nazi German brutality in Europe during World War II. Survivors of a Nazi concentration camp near the time of its liberation in 1945. A U.S. Army medical corpsmen help one to a stretcher. Executed prisoners of war. Courtroom of the Nuremberg trials. Seen in the front row of Nazi leaders are: Hermann Göring, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Alfred Rosenberg, Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, and Julius Streicher. Seated behind them are: Karl Dönitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach, Fritz Sauckel, Alfred Jodl, Franz von Papen, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Albert Speer, and Konstantin von Neurath. Scene shifts to the postwar trial of Japanese Lieutenant General Masaharu Homma, in the Philippines. Prisoners with hands bound, in an unidentified Asian conflict, being herded into an open truck. Views of the document constituting the 3rd Geneva Convention of 1949, addressing treatment of prisoners and of parts directed to "conflicts not of an international character." Views of a traumatized civilian driver wounded and a female passenger killed in in his car (appears to be in Cuba or Latin America). Armed gunmen have the man leave the car. A man lays the body of the woman beside the car. Scene shifts to a group of surrendered Vietcong fighters with their weapons stacked. Wounded combatants being carried on stretchers. American survivors of a Japanese prison camp receiving a good meal after being rescued - this is possibly in the Philippines in 1945. Many of the American prisoners are gaunt and emaciated and malnourished. Narrator recites list of activities prohibited by Geneva conventions, as images show these activities: A ditch filled with victims of massacre. Hostages being taken in an internal conflict in an African country. Prisoners being beaten by non-uniformed civilians in and humiliated in public. A recently liberated prison with a former prisoner in striped uniform beating a man as a group is marched away (likely a World War 2 concentration camp with a liberated prisoner beating a former Nazi guard). Death sentences being rendered without due process. A court in Cuba. A boy pointing at a lineup of prisoners. A prisoner shot.
Documentary of the League of Nations titled 'Message from Geneva'. British policy towards League & its operational functions. Exterior view of houses of the Parliament and Big Ben. Speech of King Edward VIII, regarding opening of Parliament and League of Nations. Exteriors of BBC Broadcasting House in London and Post Office Headquarters. Man on telephone arrange radio broadcast from League of Nations in Geneva. Map shows post office radio land lines across Europe. Radio engineers prepare circuits. View of Canterbury Cathedral. Montage illustrates route from Geneva to England. BBC radio broadcast technicians at desks in London, switch to Geneva. Broadcaster in front of microphone in Geneva speaks.