A technician sits in front of an oscilloscope and takes readings. Rotating figure appears on scope. Tracks of subatomic particles seen in a cloud chamber. Scientists at an atomic pile. Animated representation of an atom. Image of the earth in rotation. An advanced version of the atomic pile in which Enrico Fermi achieved the first sustained nuclear reaction at the University of Chicago, in 1942. Images of famous scientists, including: Albert Einstein speaking into a microphone; Otto Hahn, of Germany at a microphone; Niels Bohr, of Denmark; Madame Curie; and Hideki Yukawa of Japan. Technicians removing vials of radioisotopes from nuclear reactors. International students studying in classroom and laboratory at a nuclear institute. Views of Copenhagen, Denmark. U.S. President,Dwight D. Eisenhower, delivering what became known as his "Atoms for Peace" speech at the United Nations, December 8, 1953, where he proposes formation of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). View of the hall and attendees listening. UN Secretary-General, Dag Hammarskjold, taking notes. Attendees applauding President Eisenhower. Scientists from 16 nations arriving and greeting one another at the first International Congress of Nuclear Engineering, held at the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor) on June 20, 1954, hosted by the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Views of the first atomic library established in November, 1954, and translations of its technical papers being readied to be sent to various nations,beginnning with Japan.
The U.S. 510th Tank Battalion, of the 10th Cavalry Regiment, in Germany. The unit's roots go back to 1866 (Buffalo Soldiers). Troops lined up for a fun ceremony welcoming their 100 pound baby Buffalo mascot, from Allentown, Pennsylvania. An Army truck with canvas cover sits as backdrop. The canvas is painted with their buffalo unit insignia and the word "Geronimo." A Lieutenant Colonel and a noncom bring the calf forward and it drinks from a container held by the Colonel, who then places large "dog tags"around the calf's neck. The tags read " Allen T. Geronimo" and give its serial number as 12345678, and key dates as 1954. Unit band then plays.
Division of Vietnam into North and South Vietnam as Indochina war ends up in Vietnam. Aerial view of cratered battle ground, with smoke rising, at Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam, in March, 1954. A French A-26 Invader aircraft flying above some clouds and pilot in cockpit using radio. French paratroops, dropping from C-47 aircraft, and landing, to reinforce troops dug in at Dien Bien Phu. French artillery firing and rounds exploding in the distance. French troops moving through brush, and carrying wounded back out. Citizens on streets of Hanoi, North Vietnam, scrounging for scraps to eat. An old woman hunkered down in a doorway. A mother with a young boy. French troops crossing a bridge as they surrender following the siege at Dien Bien Phu. North Vietnamese troops entering Hanoi. Delegates at the Geneva conference of 1954, in the Palais des Nations, including representatives of the Soviet Union, the United States, France, the United Kingdom, and the People’s Republic of China, among others. Closeup of Soviet delegation, with Foreign Minister, Vyacheslav Molotov, second from left. View of the North Vietnamese delegation, and delegate Ta Quang Buu, Vice Minister of Defense of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam), and Head of their Military Delegation, signing the accords. Closeup of one treaty page, with his signature, as Minister of Defense, and that of Henri, Deltiel, Brigadier General, who signed for the Commander in Chief of all French Forces in Indochina. OUtdoors. After the conference, Soviet Foreign Minister, Molotov shakes hands with Chou En-lai, Chinese Foreign Minister. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister,Andrei Gromyko, wearing a hat, is standing behind Molotov. A long line of refugees fleeing to the South, from North Vietnam. A 1954 map showing the division of North and South Vietnam at the 19th parallel. Mist settled among mountain tops. South Vietnamese people engaged in agricultural pursuits and building new dwellings. South Vietnamese placing ballots in boxes during elections. Brief glimpse of the glamorous Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu, defacto First Lady of South Vietnam, dressed in ao dai and wearing dark glasses, as she leaves a polling place. Farmers dressed in traditional conical hats (non la) working in grain fields, and reaping and carrying cut grain on poles in the South. Beautiful view of fishermen and boats silhouetted against sky, with tall limestone islands in background, at Ha Long Bay, North Vietnam (incorrectly implying it shows South Vietnamese in peaceful pursuits). South Vietnamese at work building structures with concrete blocks. A car with bullet holes in the windshield, draws attention on busy street in South Vietnam. Closeup of murdered man inside on floor of car. Scenes of vandalism at a house. Viet Minh guerillas moving through jungles and setting fires to straw roofed houses. Remains of a destroyed dwelling. Bodies of South Vietnamese killed, according to the narrator, by "Viet Cong pursuasion squads." A framed picture of Ho Chi Minh, over a North Vietnamese star flag.
Victims of the cold war own and live on canal boats in Berlin, Germany. The boats are anchored. A woman hangs clothes on a string. One woman peels potatoes. One man smokes and another plays cards on the boat, as they cannot conduct trade as they used to between West Germany and East Germany.
April 22, 1954. First open session of Senate permanent subcommittee on investigations in response to charges filed by the U.S. Army on April 13, 1954, concerning improper actions by Senator McCarthy and staff to obtain special treatment for Private G. David Schine, U.S. Army. Seen before start of session are Army Generals Lucius Clay and Alfred Gruenther. Senator Karl Mundt presiding, calls the session to order. Among those seen are Senator Edward Dirksen, second person to the Chairman's right, and Senator Charles E. Potter to Dirksen's right. Senator John L. McClelland sits to Chairman Mundt's left. Senator Joseph McCarthy and his counsel, Roy Cohn, are at the end of the table. At end of clip McCarthy states for the record that "there is no contest between Senator McCarthy and the Department of the Army, and that all that Senator McCarthy has been trying to do is to expose the Communists who have infiltrated the Department of the Army -- a very small percentage."
Footage of baseball's 1954 All-Star Game at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland, Ohio. Views of the nearly 70,000 in attendance, many in white shirts. Baseball commissioner Ford Frick smokes a cigarette. American League president Will Harridge nods to the camera. American League manager Casey Stengel (L) shakes hands with National League manager Walter Alston before the game. National League players stand on top step of dugout. Good closeups of four NL stars: Stan Musial, Jackie Robinson, Duke Snider and Roy Campanella. American League players stand on top step of their dugout. Good closeups of three AL stars: Mickey Mantle, Ted Williams and Yogi Berra. More views of crowd. Closeup of Cleveland Indians third baseman Al Rosen. Rosen (#7) hits home run, scoring himself and Berra. The Cincinnati Reds' Gus Bell (#25) counters with a home run for the National League, scoring himself and Mays. Fans scramble for the ball. Red Schoendist of the St. Louis Cardinals tries to steal home but is called out by the umpire. National League coach Leo Durocher vehemently argues the call to no avail. Later, Nellie Fox of the Chicago White Sox (#2) gets hit to drive in two runs. American League would win the game 11-9.