German Surrender Delegation conference at the Thorak Estate in Haar, Germany, to accept the surrender of German Army Group G, towards the end of World War II. United States Army officers at the surrender conference include General Jacob "Jake" Loucks Devers of United States Sixth Army, who says "This is an unconditional surrender" while seated at a table with German and U.S. officers. Other U.S. Generals included in the delegation are: General Alexander McCarrell "Sandy" Patch; Lieutenant General Wade Hampton Haislip; Major General John W. "Iron Mike" O'Daniel; Brigadier General Reuben E Jenkins; Brigadier General William S Ott; Brigadier General Pearson Menoher. German delegation includes: Delegation head, Lieutenant General Hermann Foertsch, Commander of the 1st German Army; Colonel Hermann Zolling; Major Foeker; Major Coelle; Major Murray; Captain Behrendt; Captain Cartellieri and 1st Lieutenant Von Weber. Lt. General Foertsch signed the surrender document, effective 12:00 the next day (May 6, 1945). U.S. Army First Lieutenant John H. Brunswick is seated left of Foertsch. Lt. Brunswick translated General Dever's terms and statements, including "unconditional surrender," into German.
German General Hermann Foertsch, Commander of German 1st Army, and members of his surrender delegation, examine and markup maps delineating the areas and forces that they will be surrendering to the Allies. The allied contingent, prepared to receive the German surrender details, are seated at a conference table in the Thorak estate, Haar, Germany. Leading the Allied representatives is U.S. General Jacob Loucks Devers. Other American generals seen include, Lt General Alexander M. Patch, and Lieutenant General Wade Haislip.
German Army officers meet with Allied officers including American General Jacob Loucks Devers and General Alexander M. Patch to sign surrender document, at the Thorak estate, in Haar, Germany, during World War II. Lieutenant General Hermann Foertsch, Commanding General of First German Army, heads the German delegation. He enters the conference room followed by other officers. He is shown to the head of the table opposite U.S. General Devers. Each of the German officers accompanying him stands individually to introduce themselves. The German officers sign the surrender documents one after the other. The document of surrender is kept on the table after signing by German officers. Allied officers sign the document.
U.S. Lieutenant General Alexander Patch and U.S.General Jacob Devers outside the Thorak estate, in Haar, Germany, after the signing of German military surrender documents. General Devers, head of the Allied delegation, shakes hands with U.S. Major General John O'Daniel. Devers and Patch then drive away in a staff car. The German military delegation, headed by General Hermann Foertsch, exits the building and enter cars. General Foertsch converses with U.S. Major General O'Daniel.
Nazi soldiers at attention with guns drawn in Berlin during World War 2. U.S. soldiers on watch from damaged Berlin building. Man watching Berlin wall with binoculars while sitting in car. Pan American passenger airplane in flight after the war. Pan American passenger reading Time and other magazines. Aerial view of Berlin early 1960s. Pan American plane landing at Tempelhof Airport. Pan American passengers descending to tarmac under sign that reads, "Today Pan American has completed 93153 Transatlantic Crossings" Brandenburg Gate early 1960s. Drive through Brandenburg Gate in the 1920s. Drive through Berlin in the 1920s. Tourist bus flying American flag departs in Berlin 1920s. Berlin University 1920s. Early Nazis driving in Berlin streets. Hitler saluting parade. Hitler addressing Germans. Berlin in ruins Spring 1945 as tanks pass in front of Brandenburg Gate. Old starving woman walks on streets of Berlin amist ruins in 1945. Ruins of Berlin include Reichstag Building during 1945 battle. Women and children emerging from underground Berlin bunker in 1945, to a scene of devastation and rubble in the city. Ground view of the ruined Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche or Gedächtniskirche). Interior of ruined Reichstag Building. Potsdam Conference 1945, Map of WWII Europe. Berlin map, including official Berlin map with signatures showing Zones of Occupation. Germany allied control authority gathering including American, British, and Soviet representatives. French, American, Soviet flags in Germany. Rebuilding of Berlin mostly by women clearing rubble, using shovels, wheelbarrows and cleaning old bricks for reuse. Over crowded train in Germany post-WWII filled with civilian refugees abandoning the cities and heading to the countryside of Germany to resettle.
Representatives of three nations, seated around table at Potsdam Conference held at Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany. British prime minister, Clement Attlee; President of United States, Harry Truman; and representative of Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945. They deliver an ultimatum of unconditional surrender to Japan. Swarms of B-29 bombers and Aircraft Carrier Task Forces destroy Japanese homeland. Planes on carrier decks.Navy Grumman carrier-based TBF aircraft dropping bombs.. Destruction of ships at sea. Mushroom cloud due to atomic bombing. Chart depicts the power of one atomic bomb. Britain's 'grand slam' bomb, most destructive conventional bomb ever produced. Doctor Ernest Orlando Lawrence, inventor of the cyclotron (atom smashing machine). A man works at the Cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. General Leslie Groves, head of the project speaks. He is seated with Dr Vannevar Bush, government director of science and research, and Dr Richard Tolman, technical expert. Quantities of uranium shipped from Alberta, Canada are used in bombs. The atomic bomb process (Manhattan Project) is developed in widely separated areas; scenes from Hanford Project plant in Richmond, Washington. Project personnel exit cars and enter into the search area. Lieutenant colonel Franklin T Matthias with the army corps of engineers, appointed to the Hanford Project. Sign of 'Oak Ridge' in Tennessee. Largest of the three atomic bomb plants located near the TVA dam. Employed personnel in atomic bomb plants. Man and woman employees at the plan read a Knoxville Journal newspaper in August 1945 with headline "Power of Oak Ridge Atomic Bomb hits Japs". View of dense prefabricated home communities to house large number of Oak Ridge plant workers. View of families setting up their houses in trailer towns after the prefabricated homes were full. People come out from the Henebry's Jewelers and super market. Joseph Stalin at conference. Russian artillery and troops in a parade at Red Square in Moscow, Russia (these parade scenes are from the May 1, 1945 May Day parade, just days before Germany's surrender). President Harry Truman reports on the latest developments regarding the war with Japan. He states that the United States is prepared to destroy every productive enterprise in Japan and the U.S. shall completely destroy its power to make war. He warns of an attack by the U.S. due to the rejection of the July 26th ultimatum at Potsdam. He warns that Japan "should expect a rain of ruin from the air; the like of which has never been seen on this earth." Truman notes that it will be followed by an unprecedented sea and land invasion of Japan.