Disarmament of Heligoland (Helgoland) following World War 1. Fortress and harbor seen from a high point on the island. Obstacles at the shoreline to inhibit invasion. Views across the fortress from above showing control tower, ventilation ducts on roof, and pair of 30.5cm SK L/50 (12-inch) guns in a turret. A man sits on one of the gun barrels. Their muzzles are covered. In later view, the man sits near end of gun barrel. Scene shifts to men working to dismantle a gun turret. One is using an acetylene torch. Group of men loading small rail cars with shells and dismantled parts.
U.S. Army Air Force Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses bomb Heligoland island in Germany during World War II. B-17s in flight. Several aerial views of the island and another island next to it. Smoke rises from burning oil storage tanks on Heligoland island. A runway on the island in the background. Heavy flak. German coastline: Heligoland and Friesian islands. Bomb craters and smoke from burning oil storage tanks. Bombs are dropped from Allied aircraft. The aircraft are in formation over clouds.
U.S. Army Air Force Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses bomb Hamburg, Germany during World War II. View of Heligoland island and its coastline. The B-17s in flight. Aerial views of target island. On Hamburg: Thick smoke rises from burning oil storage tanks and a refinery on fire. Coastal installations on islands. Smoke and fire from a coastal oil depot.
The Allied spearhead drives forward on the Western Front. British tanks move forward in France. Anti mine tanks move in front. Smoke in the distance. Allied bombers fly through flak to strafe and bomb ground installations. Allied planes bomb an enemy convoy off Helgoland, Germany (Heligoland). Enemy ships at fire. Allied spearhead advances forward. Half tracks and tanks move through a rubbled French town. The soldiers march. An Allied soldier picks and reads a leaflet. Allied tanks followed by soldiers. Soldiers aim and fire. A soldier marches a captured Nazi soldier. Allied planes bomb German supply vehicles. Explosion and fire as the bombs hit the targets.
Nazi soldiers at attention with guns drawn in Berlin during World War 2. U.S. soldiers on watch from damaged Berlin building. Man watching Berlin wall with binoculars while sitting in car. Pan American passenger airplane in flight after the war. Pan American passenger reading Time and other magazines. Aerial view of Berlin early 1960s. Pan American plane landing at Tempelhof Airport. Pan American passengers descending to tarmac under sign that reads, "Today Pan American has completed 93153 Transatlantic Crossings" Brandenburg Gate early 1960s. Drive through Brandenburg Gate in the 1920s. Drive through Berlin in the 1920s. Tourist bus flying American flag departs in Berlin 1920s. Berlin University 1920s. Early Nazis driving in Berlin streets. Hitler saluting parade. Hitler addressing Germans. Berlin in ruins Spring 1945 as tanks pass in front of Brandenburg Gate. Old starving woman walks on streets of Berlin amist ruins in 1945. Ruins of Berlin include Reichstag Building during 1945 battle. Women and children emerging from underground Berlin bunker in 1945, to a scene of devastation and rubble in the city. Ground view of the ruined Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche or Gedächtniskirche). Interior of ruined Reichstag Building. Potsdam Conference 1945, Map of WWII Europe. Berlin map, including official Berlin map with signatures showing Zones of Occupation. Germany allied control authority gathering including American, British, and Soviet representatives. French, American, Soviet flags in Germany. Rebuilding of Berlin mostly by women clearing rubble, using shovels, wheelbarrows and cleaning old bricks for reuse. Over crowded train in Germany post-WWII filled with civilian refugees abandoning the cities and heading to the countryside of Germany to resettle.
Events of Nazi crimes are related during the Nuremberg Trials held at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany. Chief prosecutor from the United States, Robert Houghwout Jackson, makes the opening statement of the prosecution. He presents Count 1 of the indictment a conspiracy to commit war crimes and crimes against peace and humanity. Defendants stand in their dock including Herman Goring, Rudolf Hess (or Heß), Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel, Karl Donitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach and Fritz Sauckel. View of the Adolf Hitler's autobiography, "Mein Kampf". Nazi flag flutters in Munich, Germany. Scenes of panic, riots, and political and economic unrest in the streets of post World War I Munich, Germany, during the 1920's and 1930's as Adolf Hitler and his associates rose to power. Large crowd gathered on the streets on the eve of Nazi party rally. A younger Adolf Hitler and aides pose at the stairs of a building. Adolf Hitler reviews his Brownshirt Sturmabteilung SA troops and addresses the party. Joseph Goebbels shown in an office seated at a desk and talking on phone, and then speaking at an early Nazi rally. View of headlines of German Newspapers. Scenes of street riots and efforts by the Nazis aimed to gain the highest degree of control over the Germans by any means. Burning of books by Nazi leaders in a large bonfire. Exterior view of the Reichstag in Berlin.