Major events of the year 1953. First atomic artillery test fired in United States. A mushroom cloud rises after the M65 Atomic Cannon, sometimes called Atomic Annie, is fired and atomic bomb explodes. Riots in East Germany against the increase in work quotas and withholding of American food. People protest in streets as police try to crush the revolt. Students riot in the streets of a city along the Adriatic coast over the issue of Adriatic area between Italy and Yugoslavia.
August 21, 1953, Rome Airport. Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi of Iran departing Rome to return to Iran. He boards a KLM Lockheed Constellation aircraft for the first leg of his journey, to Baghdad, Iraq. The Shah boards the plane and waves goodbye. Italian police in white uniforms and white pith helmets control sightseers. The plane taxis and takes off. Isolated view of Lockheed Constellation aircraft being refueled over the wing.
Anniversary of East German Revolt against Soviets in 1953. West Berliners including Mayor Willy Brandt and Chancellor Ludwig Erhard at the memorials of those who died in East German Revolt against Soviets in 1953. Flowers on memorials. More than 200 memorial services recall day of revolt in 1953. Chancellor Erhard leads 75,000 people in a rally before the Town Hall. Freedom torch is lit by a man.
Scenes from General Motor's Motorama event in New York's Waldorf-Astoria hotel, in 1953. A couple stands next to a 1953 Pontiac Parisienne concept car displayed at GM's Motorama event. It was designed by GM's Harley Earl and team. The couple gets into the car as the man handles the steering. In the next scene, a young woman sitting in Oldsmobile Starfire is joined by another young woman. (Note: The Pontiac Parisienne is now part of the Bortz auto collection.)
26 July 1953: Cuban political leader Fidel Castro sends his men to the Moncada Barracks manned by the military garrison. His men are massacred and gunned down by the officers. The garrison Colonel Alberto, followed by his men. A crowd surrounds them. Officers with the uniforms of the killed revolutionaries. An officer at a table while others stand around him as he is rewarded the General Star. Officials sign documents. The wounded from the barracks in a military hospital. Officers and officials attend the military honors ceremony for the dead officers and soldiers. Policemen keep a vigil and search cars on the streets. General Rafael Salas Canizares leads the hunt for conspirators. The General with other officers pose with the arms found during a search. Buildings bombed and wrecked by saboteurs. Officers comb the island. Castro surrenders and is tried in 1953 along with his men. 1954: Other revolutionary fronts operating. A man signs a document surrounded by officials. Students demonstrate on the streets. A wounded on a litter and another on a hospital bed. 1955: Batista signs an appeasement and Castro, his brother Raul, Melba Hernandez, Haydee Santamaria, and Castro's men are released. The brothers are greeted by their sister Lydia. He announces that he will leave the country to organize an invasion. People rejoice on the street.
A doctor operates an X-ray machine in Italy. An X-ray machine. A boy lying on an elevated table that tips back into reclining position. A doctor puts a roll of motion picture film in an X-ray camera and operates the controls. A motion picture X-ray from the world's first successful such device shows a human heart beating. Another man stands on the machine and drinks. Motion picture X-ray film shows the drink passing down the throat. Boy lying on the reclining table.