Allied campaign in Italy during World War 2. Supreme Commander of the Allied forces General Dwight D. Eisenhower emerges from War Room tent, with General Mark Clark, on the central front in Italy. An officer briefs the General. A map of Italy depicts the location of Cassino and Rome. The map depicts the course of the Rapido River and the Allied strategy to drive away the Germans from the area. Allied soldiers fight in the streets and at "Hangmans Hill". British soldiers in combat. British medics try to assist a wounded comrade. Damaged buildings and wounded soldiers. A map of Italy depicts Allied landings at Anzio. An LST ( Landing Ship Tank) beached at Anzio as American and British troops unload. German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and General Field Marshal Albert Kesselring of Germany. Allied equipment advances in Anzio. German soldier divisions are seen advancing on roads to attack the new Allied threat to their flank. German Luftwaffe fighters seen overhead as they bomb an Allied convoy in a harbor in Anzio. Aerial closeup of German Junkers JU 87 dive bomber aircraft as it dives toward Allied ships. On ship view of Allied navy guns on ships opening fire on attacking Nazi German airplanes. View from beach of may explosions at and near Allied ships in harbor. Aerial view of formation of German aircraft diving toward battle. Closeup view of British antiaircraft gun operator as he sights cross hairs and presses foot control to open fire on German aircraft. Buildings and military vehicles near Allies on beach blown up and on fire during air raid. A DUKW ( amphibious truck ) burns in a street. Allied soldiers fight against the Germans, holding the beach. The Allies lay down an artillery barrage. Dead and injured soldiers of the Allied Army. Ship packed with injured U.S. Army soldiers on the deck moves toward a hospital ship anchored off shore. Allied prisoner soldiers (most American POWs) taken prisoner by the Germans are marched on a street under German guard. In Cassino, Germans continue to hold Benedictine Monastery atop hill in Cassino. Aerial view of American B-27 bomber aircraft as Allied air raid drops bombs on and near the Abbey to drive out the Germans. Bombs impact and billows of smoke rise up. Nearly 543 Allied aircraft bombard the city of Cassino one month later to attack the remaining Nazis. Allied forces prepare for an all out assault. Supply convoys seen moving on roads toward front. British and Polish troops marching toward front. Additional American forces marching. French Expeditionary Corps soldiers taking up positions. Equipment arrives and soldiers being regrouped for the assault. The assault is launched and Allied artillery fire seen lighting up the sky at night with brilliant flashes and explosions on May 11, 1944. Allied commander Field Marshal Harold Alexander looks on as Allied forces push forward on the morning of May 12.
German soldiers at Cassino front in Italy during World War II. A map locates sites in Italy. Close up views of the heavily damaged Monte Cassino Abbey and Cassino town ruins. Rubble all over the area from Allied bombing of the site. Crater field in front of the Cassino mountain area. Smoke arises from bombardment. German soldiers including paratroopers from 1st Parachute Division use a sighting device to locate Allied forces and plot artillery fire. Germans fire artillery at a patrol of four U.S. Sherman tanks. A German soldier smiles and smokes a cigarette. Allied gunners put down a smoke barrage to permit recovery. German soldiers firing mortars and machine guns at Allied forces through the smoke curtain, including point of view (POV) shot of Germans operating machine guns.
The Italian Campaign and battle of Monte Cassino in World War Two. A map shows Italy and surrounding areas. A German soldier reads a local military newspaper called The Southern Front. View of the town of Monte Cassino, with German troops moving cautiously through the rubble. Other German troops under cover in wooded area. They observe American aircraft bombing Monte Cassino. A German officer, in a glen, makes plans with his staff. German troops move along and across a stream and take up positions behind a hill. They fire at Allied troops. Several of them fire grenades from their rifles. Advancing, they come across body of fallen American soldier. An American soldier is taken prisoner. Shoulder patch of the 34th 'Red Bull' Division is seen on his uniform. His captors smoke cigarettes with him, and examine his helmet. Several American soldiers are taken prisoner and escorted to an area where they are questioned.
Map of Italy showing major cities. During a battlefield lull,in World War 2, in Italy, a German soldier reads a newpaper called the "Southern Front." View of Monte Cassino,Italy, with German troops taking cover amongst war debris. Fencing and signs identify minefields. German soldiers with their weapons, hidden in foliage. German soldier looks through binoculars as American forces bombard the town of Monte Cassino. German soldier, seeking cover, jumps over a stone wall. Smoke rises from the U.S. bombardment. German officers consult in a dugout. German soldiers move stealthily across a stream and through battle scarred landscape. Some take up positions and fire machine guns, rifles, and rifle grenades toward American lines. They advance from their trenches and come across fallen American soldiers on the field. They encounter one crawling, and several others from the U.S. 34th Division, whom they take prisoner. They remove their equipment and weapons, and smoke the American cigarettes. Behind the lines, a man in civilian clothes questions the captured American soldiers. A German soldier uses periscopic binoculars to spot targets for German artillerymen firing heavy weapons. Explosions seen in valley below as shells burst.
Germans defend Cassino and Monte Cassino abbey in Italy during World War II. Cassino Monastery before U.S. Attack. U.S. bombs burst in Cassino Monastery. Ruins of Cassino Monastery. German officers with abbot of Cassino in a car. Officers salute him as car driven away. German officers and abbot of Cassino. Ruins and bombed buildings of Cassino. Men inspects ruins and evacuate casualties.
Allied campaign in Italy during World War II. A map of Italy depicts how the Allied Army shattered the Gustav Line and the Allied attack on Cassino. Soldiers fire artillery in Cassino. On May 18th 1944 Cassino fell resulting in Allied victory. Prisoners of war being taken. Dead German soldiers on streets. German soldiers seated together appearing dejected and exhausted. A map of Italy depicts Allied activities along the coast of Italy on May 23. Allied soldiers smile.