Turkey declares War and formally enters World War 1, on November 4, 1914. Turkish military Governor of Palestine, Djemal Pasha, and ministers are seen leaving the government building in Jerusalem. Turkish mobilization begins. People show enthusiasm. Crowds are seen including a few soldiers, some on horseback, and people beating drums and marching with massed flags.
Turkish mobilization activities in World War 1. Turkish and Bedouin Cavalry engaged in exercises. Turkish authorities have enlisted every horse and camel in Syria for the anticipated military engagement with British forces defending the Suez Canal in Egypt. Individual Cavalrymen ride their horses at a gallop, while others watch. Turkish troops of the Fourth Turkish Army in Palestine, preparing to depart. They begin assembling in formation and start to march, accompanied by a brass band, in Jerusalem. Later, well-drilled and equipped troops march in good order through the streets. Turkish cavalry move through the crowded streets on horseback. Change of scene shows column of troops led by a military band,as they march out of a town. Turkish troops make their way marching, with shouldered rifles, through streets packed with people.
People in the Ottoman Empire display enthusiasm for entry into World War 1. Opening scene shows a Bedouin girl performing a "wild sword dance" in Palestine, near the Dead Sea on the Sinai peninsula. Other girls and women are lined up near her and clap and sway to the same rhythms. Sequence shifts to Turkey and a large gathering of people at start of Ottoman mobilization for World War 1. Uniformed soldiers wearing the fez are seen mingling with civilians. In a change of scene, camels walk along carrying supplies for Ottoman troops in Jerusalem. Camel tenders are seen at a water hole, washing items and drawing water. Turkish boy scouts and ship boys parade in the midst of the war mobilizing activities.
Late 1930s and early 1940s life in Jerusalem, Palestine. Views from 1917 era as British military patrol under British Army General Edmund Allenby advances in military trucks up the plains from Gaza. Arab forces riding on camels. The Arabs move in support. Jerusalem is captured by the British in 1917. British men in the city. An aerial view of late 1930s and approximately 1940 "new" Jerusalem contrasting the ancient parts of the city and new building. Narrator descriptions and visual portrayals of nationalism among Jewish and Arab residents in Jerusalem. Jewish men construct what the narrator terms as "a typical Zionist house just going up" Jewish civilians walking on the streets including one woman pushing a baby carriage. Cars move on a street and a view of a bus moving up Queen Mary Avenue. Jewish residents at a beach of Tel Aviv. They enjoy the water and dance the hora at the water's edge. A British man teaches an Arabic farmer the modern methods of agriculture. Men harvest food grains with a harvester. Arab boys in a class get a proper education "as in Europe." Palestinian girls in dresses play a game of basketball. The ex mayor of Jerusalem Hussein al-Khalidi in the center and other people around him.
British Army General Edmund Allenby, the Commander in Chief of the EEF (Egyptian Expeditionary Force), enters Jerusalem, Israel on 11th December, 1917 during World War I. The Commander in Chief converses with commanders of Allied detachments and Attaches before entering the city. He shakes hands with officers and soldiers. Soldiers in the background. General Allenby enters the holy city through the Jaffa Gate on foot. He is accompanied by Allied Ministers and Military Attaches. Officers on horseback. Allied soldiers march. Standing on a platform Sir Allenby reads out Jerusalem Proclamation. A large crowd of soldiers and officers in front of the stage. A reception of civic and religious dignitaries. Sir Allenby shakes hands with the dignitaries.
The Haifa coastline in Palestine. An animated map of Palestine by the Mediterranean. Arrows point to the Valley of Israel, Jerusalem, and Tel Aviv. The Valley of Israel: Hills, buildings and flora in the valley. Jerusalem: Buildings on a street. Men in a loaded horse cart. Trucks pass by. Pedestrians in the traditional attire. Men in cloaks and women in 'burkha'. Barclays Bank in the background. Haifa: Men lead herd of camels on a street. Buildings. Pedestrians and cars pass by. Loaded boats in the harbor. The Haifa coastline.