U.S. Navy 3rd Fleet ships fires on coastal targets of Kamaishi, Honshu, Japan during World War II. First and second turret guns of USS South Dakota (BB-57) fire at enemy target. USS Massachusetts (BB-59) and USS Indiana (BB-58) underway, fire broadsides on coast of Kamaishi, Honshu. Smoke columns rise from 16 inch shell hits. BB (battleship) squadron retires from Japanese mainland.
Damage due to earthquake, tsunami, and fire in Kamaishi, Japan as a result of the Sanriku Earthquake. People gather in the devastated area. Wrecked and burned homes and boats. Children looking picking through rubble on the ground. Damaged houses and buildings. Smoke rising in the area. One large boat washed up against a building. Two smaller boats seen washed ashore.
Representatives of three nations, seated around table at Potsdam Conference held at Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany. British prime minister, Clement Attlee; President of United States, Harry Truman; and representative of Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945. They deliver an ultimatum of unconditional surrender to Japan. Swarms of B-29 bombers and Aircraft Carrier Task Forces destroy Japanese homeland. Planes on carrier decks.Navy Grumman carrier-based TBF aircraft dropping bombs.. Destruction of ships at sea. Mushroom cloud due to atomic bombing. Chart depicts the power of one atomic bomb. Britain's 'grand slam' bomb, most destructive conventional bomb ever produced. Doctor Ernest Orlando Lawrence, inventor of the cyclotron (atom smashing machine). A man works at the Cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. General Leslie Groves, head of the project speaks. He is seated with Dr Vannevar Bush, government director of science and research, and Dr Richard Tolman, technical expert. Quantities of uranium shipped from Alberta, Canada are used in bombs. The atomic bomb process (Manhattan Project) is developed in widely separated areas; scenes from Hanford Project plant in Richmond, Washington. Project personnel exit cars and enter into the search area. Lieutenant colonel Franklin T Matthias with the army corps of engineers, appointed to the Hanford Project. Sign of 'Oak Ridge' in Tennessee. Largest of the three atomic bomb plants located near the TVA dam. Employed personnel in atomic bomb plants. Man and woman employees at the plan read a Knoxville Journal newspaper in August 1945 with headline "Power of Oak Ridge Atomic Bomb hits Japs". View of dense prefabricated home communities to house large number of Oak Ridge plant workers. View of families setting up their houses in trailer towns after the prefabricated homes were full. People come out from the Henebry's Jewelers and super market. Joseph Stalin at conference. Russian artillery and troops in a parade at Red Square in Moscow, Russia (these parade scenes are from the May 1, 1945 May Day parade, just days before Germany's surrender). President Harry Truman reports on the latest developments regarding the war with Japan. He states that the United States is prepared to destroy every productive enterprise in Japan and the U.S. shall completely destroy its power to make war. He warns of an attack by the U.S. due to the rejection of the July 26th ultimatum at Potsdam. He warns that Japan "should expect a rain of ruin from the air; the like of which has never been seen on this earth." Truman notes that it will be followed by an unprecedented sea and land invasion of Japan.
From "The Last Bomb": The defeat of Japan through American airpower in World War 2. A single B-29 from the 39th Bomb Group (stationed at North Field Guam) drops clusters of incendiary and fragmentation bombs over Japan. Bombs away view of large number of bombs falling toward Japan. A formation of B-29s from the 498th Bomb Group, Isley Field, Saipan, in flight during a daytime bombing mission over Japan. Explosions and smoke rise from targets in Japan, including two Japanese aircraft plants and an airdrome as part of U.S. tactical plan 574. Color, low aerial view of massive bomb damage over Tokyo following U.S. air attacks of March 1945. Escorting P-51s from Iwo Jima engage defending Japanese fighter aircraft in dogfights. Later, P-51s conduct strafing attacks against Japanese ground targets, including: lines of communication; railroads; marshaling yards; factories; airfields; ships; and harbors. Color gun camera footage shows these strafing attacks. P-51s returning to land at Iwo Jima and performing celebratory rolls over the field. Crippled B-29s making emergency landings on Iwo Jima. A B-29 from 500th Bomb Group with an engine shutdown. A B-29 from the 29th Bomb Group. Bad weather over runway at Iwo Jima forces a P-51 pilot to bail out over the field. A B-29 from the 6th Bomb Group ditches in water near beach on Iwo Jima. A B-29 crashes and bursts into flames during landing at Iwo Jima (all crew escapes.) Firefighters douse the flames with foam. Formation of B-29s from 39th Bomb Group returning to Guam after bombing mission over Japan. A B-29 crashing on landing and bursting into flames. Sole surviving crew member being carried on stretcher, as firemen and rescue teams work at scene. Formations of B-29s from 498th Bomb Group and 9th Bomb Group, in flight. Good color view from B-29 of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki on August 9, 1945, which brought about the capitulation of Japan and end of World War 2. Large mushroom cloud rising into the air following atomic bomb explosion at Nagasaki.
Air raids and battle in Japan in the Pacific Theater of World War II. A cemetery of United States military soldiers in the Japanese island of Okinawa. Memorial at the tombstone of Ernie Pyle built by the 77th Infantry Division of the U.S. Army. General Doolittle, General Arnold and other officers during a discussion standing before planes at the 48th Air Force base. B-29 advances towards Tokyo. Dropping of a number of guided bombs towards their targets. Targets include Japanese airplane factories, shipping industry, military supply chains in the cities of Tokyo, Nagasaki, Nagoya, Okinawa and Yokohama of Japan. Explosion and smoke arises from bombed targets. On 05 August 1945, Enola Gay, a B-29 carries the atomic bomb and flies towards Hiroshima. Atomic explosion seen signifying the one in Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, but narrator indicates the image seen is that of the first atomic explosion (the Trinity test) during on July 16, 1945 in New Mexico. Immense cloud of smoke and light. This atomic explosion, the first of two, was pivotal in compelling Japan to surrender unconditionally.
Overseas activities of United States Coast Guard in World War 2. February 19, 1945, U.S. Marines invade Iwo Jima in Pacific Theater. Naval guns and aircraft bombard Iwo Jima. Mountain in the background. Aircraft in flight. Marines and Coast Guardsmen aboard landing craft. Marines landing on Iwo Jima under heavy Japanese fire. Destroyed landing ships litter water's edge. Marines hunkered down and treating wounded, under fire. LSTs and other ships at established beachhead. Vehicles drive onto beach. April 1, 1945, Marines attack Okinawa. Navy warships bombard Okinawa with heavy guns and continuous rocket fire. Beachhead is established against light resistance.
Japanese kamikaze aircraft attack American invasion ships. Several ships are hit and sunk. Surviving sailors are helped aboard rescue boats. Antiaircraft fire from American ships fills sky with smoke and flak. A kamikaze aircraft crashes in the sea. Sky filled with American bombers. Aerial view of Atomic bomb explosion over Nagasaki Japan on August 9, 1945. Raising American Flag on Japan homeland.