Hundreds of horses are seen being herded by Kyrgyz horsemen, inhabitants of the Kirghiz (Kyrgyz) Soviet Socialist Republic (formerly known as Kirghizia). The horses are being moved from summer quarters in the mountains to winter quarters. Closeup of horses and a famous breeder who is also a member of the Kirghiz parliament. He is in charge of the annual drive of horses to their winter quarters. Horses moving as a herd across mountainous land and later being escorted singly, by men on horseback, along a tree-lined trail. Narrator states these horses are generally a cross between Kirghiz breeds and English purebloods, and have won many races on Soviet racetracks. Next, men are seen riding their horses into Lake Issyk-Kul for a bath. They ride out again and across the sandy shore. Mountains are visible in the background. The final scene shows horses in their winter quarters stalls.
Poland aids the Soviet Union during German-Russian Combat in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) during World War II. General Sikorsky of Poland is greeted by Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov, Chairman of the Council of the People's Commissars of the Soviet Union at Stalingrad. General Sikorsky and the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin plan an agreement for mutual defense. Two flags flying from flag poles. Polish troops stand at attention. Soviet or Polish troops march. Soviet troops at battle stations in a field. Soviet tank corps men run out and jump into their tanks. A tank goes out through a city near Moscow. Battle action during winter shows Soviet troops advancing to meet on coming Germans. A large gun mounted on a railroad (RR) car. A Soviet officer gives a signal to fire guns. All types of artillery-guns mounted on RR cars, armored trains, tanks field artillery, large cannon fire. Several buildings being demolished by shell blasts. Tanks advance. The Soviets advance across snow covered terrain. Soviet civilians gather up German equipment and pile it around in the area. Dead Germans on the ground. Destroyed German mechanized equipment. Observation towers and lookout posts commanded by the Soviets.
The Russian Revolution of 1917. Scenes of trench warfare on the Western Front during World War I. German soldiers firing at enemy positions. Ill-equipped Russian troops in the field, and suffering from pestilence and disease. A Russian soldier wearing no shirt and with no equipment is seen scratching at itches on his own body. Starving, sad Russian children are shown back in Russia. Scenes of St Petersburg, Russia in March 1917, during demonstrations for increased bread rations. Responding Russian troops defect and join demands for the transfer of power from the Czar to an elected parliament. A military vehicle loaded with troops is seen rallying and celebrating with Russian people. Minister of Justice in the Provisional Government Alexander Kerensky speaks to a large crowd. Czar Nicholas II, who has abdicated, sitting on a stump, with a few guards behind him. Political prisoners are freed from prisons. Leon Trotsky, speaking from a train platform, upon his return from exile in Canada. Summer, 1917, and Alexander Kerensky becomes Head of the Russian Provisional Government. Kerensky, standing in the balcony of a building, proclaims Russia a republic. A large crowd gathered outside the building. Vladimir Lenin speaking to a large crowd on the Kerensky Republic. View of Farmer workers with shovels in a field. Lenin and Trotsky call for the members of the Farmer Worker Army Union Soviet to work against the Kerensky Republic. View of Lenin speaking against the Republic and for class warfare. Lenin's Bolsheviks riot and seize the railroad stations, telegraph lines, and government offices. A tower column of the Russian monarchy is seen falling to the ground. Events on November 25 after the Russian Revolution: A number of people on a street during elections called for by Kerensky. View of Lenin talking to people in the streets. Lenin's Bolshevik group loses to the SR party. People in the streets near the time of the election. The elected assembly of the Socialist Revolutionary Party is seen meeting under the protection of Trotsky's Red Army which is seen marching near a crowd. Catherine Breshkovsky is seen standing and speaking at the assembly meeting. The elected assembly in session. The assembly refuses to turn power over to the Lenin Soviet. The members of the elected assembly are seen finally giving in to the Bolsheviks and the factions of the SR that have split to support the Bolsheviks. The leaders of the defeated faction of the Socialist Revolutionary Party (SR) are seen leaving the grounds of the assembly. In the next scene, a crowd protests against the dismissal of the elected assembly, to no avail.. Lenin speaking to a large crowd. He speaks about the power won and maintained by violence. Views of the demonstrating crowd.
Iron Curtain speech by Winston Churchill at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, early in the Cold War. British Leader Winston Leonard Churchill at podium addresses the gathering in his "Sinews of Peace" speech. Officers seated on a platform in the background. Churchill speaks of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR) and the creation of the Eastern Bloc. He places certain facts about the present position in Europe. The Opposition Leader states that Soviet Russia does not desire war but the indefinite expansion of their power and doctrines. The gathering applaud. He continues his speech by insisting on the permanent prevention of war and the establishment of conditions of freedom and democracy. He declares that a good understanding on all points with Russia under the general authority of the United Nations Organization should be made.
Hero of Socialist Labor award given to Uzbek collective farm workers by Soviet officials. The collective farm workers receiving the Hero of Socialist Labor award from the officials. An award also given to a combine driver at a machine factory. A woman operates a harvester in a farm.
Life of Soviet Georgian people of Batumi, in the Adjar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of the Soviet Union. Adjarian people milling about on streets in the Black Sea coastal city of Batumi, Adjar. Busy sidewalk cafes. Men, women, and children shop for fruits and vegetables from stalls on a street. Men at a roadside cafe. People swim at a Black Sea beach. A ship waits in the Black Sea port at Batumi, as travelers leave Batumi, in small boats, to board her. Scenes of Yalta, after the passengers arrive there. People milling about on a city street with shops in Yalta, Crimea. A horse drawn cart being pulled as it ascends toward a nearby summit of the Ai-Petri mountains. Elevated view from the mountains of Yalta toward vineyards and toward the south shore of the Black Sea.