A memorial service for Czech people killed by Nazi Germany after Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich's assassination in Lidice, Czechoslovakia. People walk for the ceremony. People observe silence for the people killed by the Germans after the assassination of SS-Obergruppenfuhrer Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich. President of Czechoslovakia Edvard Benes puts wreaths on graves at the site where the burned down village of Lidice had been. Officers salute. Wreaths placed on the graves. Children gathered at the ceremony. Soldiers stand at attention.
Images and testimony related to the Nuremberg Trials held at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany in October 1946. Flashbacks of a variety of Nazi crimes against humanity during the years of World War II. Reference to testimony of Kenaris and Hans Frank in describing Nazi policies and methods for exterminating Poles and others. Pictures recording the implementation and results of Nazi policies; atrocities and murder of victims in Ouradour Sur Glane in France, in Bande in Belgium, in the Catacombe of San Callisto in Italy and in Czechoslovakia. Nazi forces seen leveling and destroying the town of Lidice in Czechoslovakia in 1942 in retaliation for the assassination of SS Reich Protector Reinhard Heydrich. Corpses of the victims of the Nazi concentration camps, including Auschwitz, in 1945. Bones of humans in crematory ovens. Cramped starved camp victims in barracks. Stacks of luggage and suitcases of victims at a concentration camp, along with locks of hair, stacks of toothbrushes. Shaving cream brushes, shoes, clothing, and finally, piles of bones of camp victims. Testimony of Rudolf Franz Ferdinand Höss (sometimes spelled Höß or Hoess or Hess) describes concentration camps at Auschwitz in Poland. As scenes of victims in hospitals are shown, testimony of Rudolf Hoess is read, describing medical experiments include lowering the body temperature, injecting the body with poisons and infectious diseases and subjecting the body to high altitude pressure chambers. Shows pile of mutilated corpses.The "Arbeit Macht Frei" sign over the camp entrance of Auschwitz. Scenes of dead victims of Nazi brutality in the concentration camps.
A film on the reconstruction of Europe after World War II. Empty fields marking the site of Lidice, Czechoslovakia. Women survivors of the Lidice who had been sent to concentration camps. They place wreaths on the common grave of the people who were killed at Lidice. View of a lineup of captured Nazi SS soldiers and officers involved in the destruction of Lidice. Packed courtrooms at Nuremburg, Germany with German Nazi leadership present. Rubble and destroyed bombed-out Reichstag building in Berlin. Debris on the street. Past events show German Chancellor Adolf Hitler addresses people and talks about the destruction of other cities. Ruins of buildings from war. A wrecked bridge and burned out fields of a farm from World War 2.
A commemoration ceremony for the Lidice massacre by the Germans during World War II. A crowd gathered on the emplacement of Lidice which had been leveled by the Germans. The place is marked with a cross with a crown of thorns. Russian emblems surrounding the respective flags. An official tribune decorated with flags of Allied nations. The crowd listens to speeches given by dignitaries.
History of Czechoslovakia from 1919 to 1968 depicts lives of its people and various crisis. Clip shows combination of still images and moving images, with background of Czech musical soundtrack. A burning Nazi plane shot by Soviet military during World War II. Soviet Red Army marches in Prague, Poland in May 1945 to rescue from German occupation and atrocities. People destroy Nazi emblems and symbols from buildings. People assemble in large numbers on roads and cheer for the incoming Soviet troops and tanks. Civilians of Czechoslovakia during normal life after World War 2. Workers in mines, farmers in field and women work in houses. Spread of communism and communists make a star formation during a rally in Prague (sometimes called the Prague Spring). President Edvard Benes in 1948 signs pact with Soviet government. Photos of Soviet General Joseph Stalin and other Soviet leaders in his office. Various Presidents and leaders of Czechoslovakia during the 1950s. Military and civilian communist groups march on streets in 1956. Czech Skoda automobile production factory scenes in mid 1960s. Workers work in factories and shops till night hours. A Czech textile factory scene. Czech men and women in 1960s fashions enjoying mugs of beer. Several scenes with Alexander Dubček, (Alexander Dubcek), then Soviet leaders Nikita Khrushchev and Nikolai Brezhnev arrive for meeting with Dubček. Smiling Czech people walk in cities and at a cafe during liberalization measures. Soviet and Warsaw Pact tanks, armored vehicles, infantry and aircraft start their occupation ending the Prague Spring in Prague, Bratislave and other cities in August 1968. Civilians argue with Soviet troops and demonstrate in streets. Large crowd of civilians watch the retreating Soviet forces from Czechoslovakia in 1968. Red Army met with agitation and resistance on streets by civilians. Soviet troops fire at some demonstrating civilians.
Former President of Czechoslovakia Eduard Benes returns from Prague during Czech Army parade in Prague, Czechoslovakia. A crowd gathers around a jeep. A large crowd of Czech civilians. Buildings in the background. Views of Czech civilians, soldiers, officers and police. Former President of Czechoslovakia Eduard Benes gets into a car to return from Prague. A sign on a building reads 'Ambassador'. Civilians watch parade from windows of the building. Crowds cheer the former President Benes as he rides along the streets. Civilians stand on either side of the road and wave.