Chinese troops recapturing Liuchow, China. Liuchow, the former U.S. 14th Air Force Base and largest communication center in South Central China, in ruins after the withdrawal of Japanese forces. The burnt buildings on the streets in Liuchow. The ruins of buildings along the sides of the road. Chinese troops walk along the road. The Chinese troops recapture Liuchow on 13th June 1945. The civilians in China cheering and welcoming the soldiers to the town. The Liuchow Air Base, which was not usable since the Japanese forces had dug holes in places. The entire stretch of the airstrip being blocked with gas drums. The center stretch of the airstrip being damaged. An Air Force engineer examines the heavily mined air strip. Men of Chinese 169th Division assemble for the flag raising ceremony on 2nd July 1945. The troops are welcomed by a citizens' committee. The Chinese 169th Division Major General addresses the men. The Chinese flag hoisted. The troops salute the flag.
A map of China shows Liuchow. Chinese refugees and troops travel on roads from Liuchow. Chinese refugees eat food in a village. The refugees wander through the villages. Mass evacuation of refugees. Several children sit in a hand lorry. The wounded are treated.
Two U.S. Pennsylvania class battleships underway at sea, with other warships in background, during World War 2. One fires to starboard with her 14-inch guns from the forward triple turrets. U.S. Army Air Forces B-24 Liberator bombers flying in formation over mountains. Glimpse of General Douglas MacArthur with General Joseph (Vinegar Joe) Stilwell in gunner's station of a bomber. Montage of brief glimpses showing U.S. forces engaging Japanese forces in: amphibious assaults; firing weapons in New Guinea and other Pacific islands. U.S. warship firing naval guns. U.S. ship firing at attacking Japanese aircraft, with sky full of black flak clouds. Admiral William (Bull) Halsey. Mitsubishi A6M Zero kamikaze aircraft blown up close to flight deck of U.S. aircraft carrier. It misses the ship and crashes in flames, exploding in the water, astern. U.S. General Joseph Stilwell, Madame Chiang Kai-Shek, British Allied commander Lord Louis Mountbatten, and Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek, photographed together in India. Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek seated for a picture with U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Camera moves back revealing British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Madame Chiang Kai-Shek, also seated. Behind them stand key allied military leaders, including (from the right) Field Marshal Archibald Percival Wavell, Commander-in-chief in India; Admiral Louis Mountbatten, Supreme Allied Commander of South-East Asia forces; George Giffard — commander of Eleventh Army Group; U.S. General Daniel Isom Sultan, deputy to General Stilwell; General Joseph Stilwell, Commander China-Burma-India (CBI) Command; and General Albert Coady Wedemeyer, Chiang Kai-Shek's Chief of Staff. General Joseph Stillwell is seen stepping from a military cargo plane, and being greeted by another officer. Stilwell is wearing a campaign hat. He has the CBI patch on his jacket shouder. A B-24 Liberator bomber takes off from a Chinese base at Liuchow, or possibly, Luiliang, China. (ostensibly carrying Chinese soldiers to India for training). U.S. marked P-40 aircraft are parked beside the runway. They display the shark teeth nose art of the Flying Tiger All volunteer Group of Claire Chennault. But this is 1944 and the aircraft are from the U.S. 23rd Fighter Group. Chinese soldiers are seen being armed and trained in India, with modern small arms. They are also seen fording a river with military supplies and moving in jeeps through jungle-like settings. Various views of Ledo Road construction in Burma. bulldozers, trucks, caterpillar tractors, explosives and men are shown in construction work. A jeep rides along a muddy section of the new road while U.S. and Chinese soldiers patrol on either side to protect it. Allied soldiers firing a small field piece. A C-47 aircraft airdrops supplies to the road builders. General Stilwell, standing with a Chinese officer, looks skyward at the aircraft. A C-46 Commando plane taking off from a field in India carrying supplies. Men loading a jeep aboard a C-46, plus ammunition and other supplies. Rare sight of supplies being loaded into nose cargo compartment of the one-of-a-kind XC-108A transport plane (modified B-17 bomber, tail number 41-2593). A formation of USAAF C-45 transport aircraft flying "over the Hump." Chinese P-36 Hawk aircraft in formation demonstrate firepower. Newly trained Chinese pilots marching and walking on flightline where solid-nose B-25s and P-40s are parked. Chinese and American pilots wave to each other from their P-40 aircraft. A B-25 takes off flanked by two P-40s. Bombs being dropped by Chinese B-25s. Japanese ship being strafed by Chinese fighter plane. Chinese laborers at work building an airfield without machinery. A large group pull a paving roller by hand. Chinese troops in combat with Japanese forces. One firing a Czech ZB vz. 26 light machine gun. Madame Chiang Kai-Shek addressing the U.S. Congress, 18 February, 1943.
Bombings and destruction in China. Animated map depicts destruction of air power on area shown. Airbases of Liuchow and Kweilin in China. Evacuation of airfields by U.S. Bombs explode. Buildings are burned, fields are destroyed by advancing Japanese Army. Buildings burn. Lowering of U.S. flag as buildings burn in the background. Burning buildings once occupied by U.S. troops. Views of Chinese refugees. Face of child. Burning buildings. Chinese soldiers retreating from Liuchow. Bare feet of retreating refugees.
Animated maps show Japanese invasion in China. Air bases in China. Mountains in the background. Crew seen near aircraft. A plane taxis at the air base. Liuchow Air Base and Kweilin Air Base destroyed. Bomb explosion at the air base. Fire and smoke rises up. Chinese civilians leave their cities. Refugees gathered at available rail space. Army Personnel and Chinese Army retreat.
Mao Zedong emerges from his cave house headquarters at Yan'an, China, followed by an interpreter and John S. Service, of the U.S. State Department, who is smoking a cigarette. They stand in the yard in front of the house, where they are joined by a Western reporter and another person on Mao's staff. Glimpses of participants conversing. Several closeups of Mao Zedong.