The scene is on a hill top overlooking the plateau along the Marne River where the Battle of the Marne took place 18 years earlier. The occasion is the presentation, from the people of the United States, of a 130 foot high granite monument, commemorating the heroic defense by French troops in the Battle of the Marne. The monument, designed by Frederick MacMonnies, depicts La Belle France, supporting a wounded French infantryman, and was reportedly underwritten in part, by the contributions of pennies, nickles, and dimes from four million school children in the United States. French and American officials unveil the monument. Numerous spectators stand by to cheer and applaud. Armed soldiers hold national flags and salute in honor. U.S. Ambassador to France, Walter Evans Edge, gives presentation speech, as other dignitaries and people listen. (Note: At the time of this event, this was the largest carved granite monolith monument in the world, and viewed, by many Americans, as a gift of thanks to France for the statue of Liberty.)
Soldiers of the 1st Infantry Division training in England under General Clarence R Huebner, in preparation for the D-Day Normandy invasion. U.S. Navy ships underway at sea. Heavy naval guns bombard the coast of France on D-Day. U.S. Army soldiers seen during assault on Omaha beach with heavy losses on D-DAy. U.S. soldiers and tanks encounter heavy German resistance in the "hedge rows." American soldiers digging trenches with shovels and picks and treating wounded comrade. Dead German soldier lying in street as Americans enter the town of Caumont (Caumont l'Eventé). Frenchman civilian pours wine for American soldier after they liberated Caumont l'Eventé from the entrenched German forces. An American helps a French civilian woman to reach a safe place crossing rubble. Damaged French houses along the sides of street. During rest, a soldier gives another a haircut, and another writes a letter. U.S. Air Force B-17s fly overhead and bomb near St. Lo, France on July 25, 1944. Other U.S. Army artillery units, the 4th and 9th Divisions, and General Patton's tanks provided support so the 1st Infantry (First Infantry or Big Red One) could occupy the area. Army combat engineers dig up mines and use construction equipment to clear debris. Wrecked houses and rubble. U.S. soldiers keep advancing through towns and eat and rest as they can. Road sign reads: "Coutances." First Infantry goes through Mortain, Etampes, Meaux, Soissons and across the Belgian border. German prisoners of war walk with their hands raised. German soldier digging out of fox hole. Siegfried Line and dragons teeth. Strong German resistance encountered at Aachen. Tanks fire in the field. House to house fighting in Aachen. Surrender of Aachen. A German flag laying in the street is run over by a U.S. military vehicle. German resistance is heavy during battle scenes in Battle of Hürtgen Forest. German and American artillery are seen in Hurtgen Forest. U.S. wounded treated. The 1st Division is pulled out for rest at the rear, in Belgium.
The role of United States 1st Infantry Division (Big Red One) in various campaigns in Europe during World War II. United States 1st Infantry Division men fight in France as they advance further inland into the country. Soldiers relax, get a haircut and write a letter back home to their families. On July 25th , 1944 German aircraft launch an air attack. Infantrymen fight in the streets of a city in France. Combat engineers plant land mines. 1st Infantry Division soldiers enter Coutance, Mortain, Etampes, Meaux and Soissons. Soldiers around a monument at the Belgium border. 1st Infantry soldiers advance towards Aachen. Tanks fire as soldiers fight against the Germans in Aachen. Men on a machine gun. On October 25th 1944 Aachen surrenders to the Allies. Nazi banner lying in a street.
Designs by various international scientists and inventors who have contributed to solving the problems of rocket motor development, based on the German preparatory work. Their combustion chamber designs owe much to the German pioneers in the field. Shown are design sketches by Russian scientist, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky (Ziolkowsky) in 1914; French inventor Henri Melot, in 1920; German Friedrich Zander, in 1931; Bull, 1932; The American Rocket Society, with several designs from 1932; and The Cleveland Rocket Society. Views of rocket combustion research mactivity by Ernst Loebell of the Cleveland Rocket Society in 1933. He is seen outdoors in the snow with his apparatus. View of Loebell's test firing stand, and a picture of an actual test firing, outdoors. Ernst Loebell with model and rocket motor from his spaceship projects of 1934 and at the International Exposition dedicated to Art and Technology in Modern Life held in Paris, 1937. Cutaway views of the spaceship. The rocket motor wrapped in cooling coils. Rocket motor design by John Shesta of the American Rocket Society, from 1934. Design by Rene Armengaud of France, in 1934 and Deich in 1935
Newspaper headline in Washington post reads 'United States and Germany at War'. Civilians recruited into the army. American pilots of the 103rd Aero Pursuit Squadron, in France, with their Spad aircraft. American airplane factories in operation. (Many women workers are seen.) Celebrations at end of World War I. Airplanes, under command of General Billy Mitchell bomb obsolete warships in demonstration. Postwar flyers and wing walkers. Stuntmen parachute from high buildings and airplanes. Aircraft flying forest fire patrols. Lieutenant Colonel Arnold commands emergency airlift and drop of food to snowbound Indians in American Southwest, in 1932. World War I scene of American 103rd Aero Pursuit Squadron Spad airplanes taking off, in France. Lieutenant Colonel Hap Arnold with his family.
A French woman with umbrella at a grave in Verdun battlefield. Official Dedication (inauguration) of the Verdun Ossuary at Douaumont, France, August 7, 1932. Seen is French General Henri Giraud, along with other officials. Soldier of French Colonial Regiment (Moroccan) dips tricolor flag embroidered with campaign symbols.