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Mediterranean Theater 1944 stock footage and images

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Views of Southern France, under German occupation, in 1944, just prior to the Allied invasion in Operation Dragoon

Film opens with map showing lower France and Mediterranean areas.However, it shows images covering primarily the French Riviera (or Côte d'Azur) under German occupation. German infantry march along a road. A flight of German FW-190 Fighter airplanes flies inland from the Mediterranean Sea and crosses low above a harbor. Change of scene shows a single fighter plane buzzing the Marseille Port. (It looks like a P-47 with invasion stripes. But It does not draw any anti-aircraft fire.) Camera tracks it from vantage point at the Marseille Basilica, high above the harbor. Brief view of the Basilica as the aircraft passes. A glimpse of the Marseille Port below from the Basilica. View of the Marseille Transporter Bridge designed by Ferdinand Arnodin and built in 1905. (It was destroyed after these films were made, in 1944.) A German soldier peering through binoculars in front of a 2 cm Flak 30/38/Flakvierling, quad anti-aircraft gun position. Another one is seen in the background. Several more views of German anti-aircraft and other gun emplacements protecting the Marseille Port, including 88mm guns, heavy machine guns, and coastal defense guns. Scene shifts to German soldiers marching near the French Riviera beach and palm trees. Italian cavalry are seen riding in formation, ostensibly from Nice. Italian soldiers in trucks are being transported along the Riviera waterfront. A road sign points toward Toulon at 6.3 kilometers away. (So this location is probably near Sanary-sur-Mer.) View of the Toulon harbor, where the French battleship Provence, scuttled in 1942, is seen settled low in the water at a pier. (World War II period).

Date: 1944
Duration: 1 min 39 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: Italian
 
 
A convoy of ships underway as U.S. soldiers get off from landing craft and run through water to beach in North Africa.

Landing maneuvers of the United States troops in North Africa during World War II. Fire from the deck of a Destroyer. A convoy underway. Airplanes fly overhead. U.S. soldiers get off from a landing craft and run through water to the beach. Tanks leave barge and head for the shore. Infantrymen run on the beach. A map of Mediterranean Theater. French soldiers parade in Casablanca. Feet of soldiers as they march. Animated map of Mediterranean Theater as a pointer indicates location of Oran. French battleships in the harbor of Oran are blown up by British firing after the fall of France.

Date: 1942
Duration: 1 min 25 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Various Allied Generals assume new commands in Italy during December, 1944, World War II.

On 12 December, 1944, at an airport in Naples, Italy, British General Sir Henry Nathan Wilson inspects an honor guard of American Military Policemen in formation. (Narrator states he is en route to replace the late Field Marshal Sir John Dill, in Washington, DC, USA) A contingent of British troops is also present as part of the honor guard, on the wet airport tarmac. (Narrator states that Wilson will head the British Joint Staff Mission and be personal military representative for Prime Minister Winston Churchill.) He approaches a line of U.S. military officers who salute him. Closeup of General Wilson With U.S. Army Air Forces Lieutenant General Ira C. Eaker, next to U.S. Vice Admiral Kent Hewitt. Also with them (back to camera) is British Admiral Sir John Henry Dacres Cunningham, Commander-in-Chief for the Mediterranean Fleet. Next, General Wilson and his party are seen boarding a British Avro York four-engine Heavy Transport aircraft. View from the ground, of the aircraft cockpit and the engines running as it taxis out for takeoff. Change of scene shows troops gathered in open air battlefield environment. General Mark Clark, now Commander-in-Chief of the Allied 15th Army Group, decorates some members of the 5th Army, as General Lucian King Truscott Jr. (new 5th Army Commander) stands by his side. General Clark says farewell to members of the 5th Army and shakes hands with many of them. (World War II; WW II; World War 2; World War Two)

Date: 1944, December 12
Duration: 1 min 2 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
U.S. General Patch, U.S. Admiral Hewitt, and French Admiral Lemonnier lead the Allied fleet towards southern France.

Amphibious and airborne Allied forces land in southern France during World War II. Map of Fance depicts Allied landings at Normandy on D Day. Naples: An Allied naval force assembles, poised for landing in Southern France, 10 weeks after D Day. Thousands of landing crafts, trucks, tanks, mobile canons, military vehicles and equipment in the embarkation area. Barrages in flight overhead. Allied officers supervise as the vehicles are loaded into ships. US, French, British, Greek and Polish troops move up to their ships. The ships underway in the Mediterranean. U.S. Secretary of Navy James Forrestal, U.S. Army General Alexander Patch, French Admiral Andre Lemonnier and U.S. Navy Admiral Henry Hewitt (Chief of the Atlantic Invasion Fleet) aboard the flagship. Allied soldiers stitch sleeve patches. An animated map depicts the Allied invasion of southern France near Toulon in a combined amphibious and airborne assault. Hundreds of transport aircraft carry paratroop forces. The paratroopers get ready, jump, and descend to the ground. The amphibious forces near the French coast. German shore batteries fire at the approaching naval vessels. Explosions on ships and in water. Allied troops crouched in landing crafts. They hit the beach under shell fire and advance in land.

Date: 1944
Duration: 5 min 37 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Crates are unloaded and truck parts are assembled at an automotive reassembly plant in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations.

Automotive reassembly plant called 'Little Detroit' in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations during World War II. A soldier works on a typing machine. The assembly area of automotive reassembly plant. Crates are unloaded from a ship and loaded onto trucks. The trucks are driven to the plant. The crates are unloaded by a crane. Parts are hoisted by the crane and placed at an assembly line. Wheels of trucks are rolled on the assembly line. Workers assemble parts of a truck. The trolley of a truck is hoisted by the crane and assembled. Insignia of the U.S. is painted on the truck. Tires, motors, air filters and steering gear are checked. The trucks are driven out of the assembly area after approval.

Date: 1943
Duration: 3 min 48 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Brigadier General Wilson and Lieutenant General Devers meet in North African Theater during World War II.

Meeting of Generals in North African Theater of World War II. U.S. Army Brigadier General James Wilson Holsinger and U.S. Army Lieutenant General Jacob Devers meet at the Allied Forces headquarters. Brigadier General Wilson at a desk. The two officers look at a map of the Mediterranean Theater as they confer.

Date: 1943
Duration: 1 min 29 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
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