Hard times in the Great Depression led to formation of The Bonus Army. American veterans of World War 1 march on streets of Washington DC, carrying a large poster demanding immediate cash redemption their "bonus" service certificates awarded by Congress in 1924 (but not lawfully payable until 1945). Army Chief of Staff, General Douglas MacArthur, ordered by President Hoover, to clear the Bonus Army encampments, is seen standing in a street surrounded by several U.S. Army troops. People watch from sidewalks as a contingent of U.S. Army cavalry rides down the street. U.S. Army M-1917 tanks roll down Pennsylvania Avenue in July 1932. Bonus marchers and others watch from Lafayette Park in background. Scene shifts to the 1932 Democratic Party Convention in Chicago Stadium, Chicago, where delegates cheer after nominating Franklin D. Roosevelt as their Presidential candidate. Roosevelt seen waving from the podium. Migrant farm workers seen at temporary, dilapidated dwellings in close quarters, and sitting at a campfire, some with sad and desperate faces. Migrant farm workers' cars on the road, piled high with family belongings during westward migration. Migrants riding atop an open railroad freight car. Two men share a copy of the "Epic News" newspaper (published by supporters of Upton Sinclair and the End Poverty Movement in Los Angeles and central California). Narrator describes programs of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) and the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Construction workers ignite demolition charges during construction of Boulder Dam (aka Hoover Dam and officially so-named in 1947). Glimpse of President Roosevelt at the site in an open car, for its dedication on September 30, 1935. Construction workers engaged in building the dam. Another shot of President Roosevelt in his open car. Towers being erected to carry electric power from the dam's hydroelectric generators. President Franklin D. Roosevelt smiling broadly at the formal dedication ceremony, September 30, 1935. Controlled discharges of water through the dam. Views of the Boulder Dam hydroelectric generating station. Oil well rigs or oil derricks at work during construction at night. People at work in fabric mills or textile mills, and in a print shop
A film surveys federal provisions for the education of the Native American Indian students in the United States during the Great Depression, and cultural integration of Native Americans into white cultures. An Indian woman holds her baby. An Indian man talks to a woman. Two women in traditional dress pose. Exteriors of a church. A picture depicting increase in grants for Indian education and decrease in appropriations for military control in the United States from 1886 to 1932.
World War I scenes of U.S. Army airplanes in action at the front. A picture of U.S. Army Major Henry A. (Hap) Arnold and California Forester Kurt Dubois, who, together, started the fire patrol practice by United States Army aircraft in1919. Army flyers lined up on a field. Army Curtis JN-4 (Jenny) airplanes in flight as smoke rises from the forests below. Weighted messages with ribbons attached, being dropped by pilots while in flight to inform about a forest fire. Later on after the installation of radios a pilot sends a message on a radio set in case of a forest fire. In 1920s, Crawler tractors used to skid logs out of the forest. In 1925, tractor with a blade was developed and used to build forest roads. In 1932, a Bulldozer being used to create firebreaks during a Southern California fire. A fire plow in operation.
Democratic Convention in Chicago, Illinois. Delegates from various states at the Democratic Convention. Senator Alben W. Barkley of Kentucky delivers Keynote address, including a call for Congress to repeal the 18th Amendment to the Constitution (Prohibition). A woman temperance supporter who gives the impression of being in a trance (perhaps "channeling" a spirit?), says she is George Nye, the Quaker Evangelist of Madison, Wisconsin. She speaks for the Prohibition Party (sometimes called the Dry's or Dries) and condemns both Republican and Democratic parties for their alcohol tolerance. William McAdoo addresses the convention and declares Franklin D Roosevelt the Democratic candidate for President of the United States.
The fourth presidential election debate held between Democratic nominee Senator John F. Kennedy and Republican nominee U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon in in New York, United States on 21st October 1960. NBC News correspondent John Chancellor asks a question to Senator Kennedy in relation with U.S. relations with the Soviet Union. Correspondent Chancellor asks if Russians have resumed testing of nuclear devices as per news from Atomic Energy Commission of Washington and if the U.S. would resume its own nuclear testing in 1961. Senator Kennedy replies to the question and says that the next President of the United States should make one last effort to secure an agreement on the cessation of nuclear tests. He mentions the Conference for the Reduction and Limitation of Armaments from 1932-1934 held in Geneva, Switzerland. Kennedy says that he believes the effort should be made once more by who so ever is elected the President of the United States. Senator Kennedy says that if they fail in making the effort, the responsibility will be clearly on the Russians and then they'll have to meet their responsibilities for the security of the United States, and they may have to test underground. He says that there may be testing in outer space. Senator Kennedy says that he is most concerned about the whole problem of the spread of atomic weapons. ABC News correspondent Quincy Howe asks the Vice President to comment. Vice President Nixon says that the Soviet Union is filibustering. He says further that the elected president should immediately make a time table to break Soviet filibustering.
Jacqueline Cochran interviewed in Arnold Hall at United States Air Force Academy, Colorado. She speaks about soloing for the first time in 1932, and about continuous training during her career.