The hydroelectric building and service area in Mingechaur, Azerbaijan. Earth moving equipment preparing site for laying pipes and workmen welding steel girders are shown. February 1948.
Soviet and Iranian military officers shake hands with each other in Tabriz, Azerbaijan, Iran. Russian and Iranian newspapers announce the formal recognition by the Soviet Union of the Azerbaijan People's Government (a Soviet puppet entity in Iranian Azerbaijan) on April 8, 1946. People celebrate the friendship pact between the Azerbaijan People's Government and the Soviet Union. Crossed flags of the Soviet Union and and Azerbaijan People's Government seen. Women picking flowers and decorate a poster of Joseph Stalin. Soviet and Azerbaijan military parade in the streets of Tabriz. Military officers hold a ceremony including presentation of an elaborate Iranian dagger. A tank rides through the street. Men riding horses. School children wave Soviet and Azerbaijan flags. A ceremony of pouring liquid from two jugs and reflecting it in a mirror. Muslim women present flowers to soldiers passing on horseback. Soldiers in a jeep throw pamphlets, with picture of Joseph Stalin on them, to the crowd. Huge crowd gathered. Women with covered heads. At the Tabriz City Hall, crowds hold a huge portrait of their leader, Sayyed Ja'far Pishevari. There are more ceremonial exchanges of tokens of friendship. A hand-written letter, ostensibly from Joseph Stalin, bearing his image, is shown. Elaborately framed pictures of Soviet Generals are seen. Silver tray engraved in Russian and Arabic is shown. Muslim women and children. Views of parade from high building. Column of Soviet tanks. Woman throws liquid from jug, ceremoniously.
Views of hydroelectric station in Mingechaur, Azerbaijan. Russian officials and citizens celebrating the completion of hydroelectric station. 1949.
Segment from the United Nations Security Council meeting at Hunter College, New York City, United States, on March 27, 1946. At the time, the Soviet Union, with its troops in Iran, and with interest in the governance and autonomy of Azerbaijan, was pushing to postpone discussion of the appeal by Iran that the action of the Soviet Army in Iran was a threat to international peace and security. American statesman James F. Byrnes, Edward R. Stettinius, Soviet diplomat Andrei Gromyko and representatives of the UN Security Council member countries are seen entering the conference room at Hunter College, New York City. The dignitaries seated at a table. Delegates and spectators present. Gromyko, the Soviet representative to the United Nations, speaks in Russian. Other delegates listen, seated behind. A delegate from China speaks. Several delegates raise their hands with questions. U.S. representative James Byrnes demands that the Iranians be given a chance to be heard. The Soviet delegation stands and exits the talks abruptly. Iranian delegate Hossein Ala', Iran's Ambassador to the United States approaches the table and is seated. The delegates listen as Mr. Hossein Ala addresses the council. Mr. Ala urges the council to take action, saying, "Iran views with grave concern any delay in the consideration by the council of the merits of these disputes. For these reasons, on behalf of my government, I request the council to take up these matters at once and reach, without reference to further negotiations, a solution consistent with the principles of the charter."
U.S. propaganda piece about threats by communists against various European countries. The Czechoslovak coup and demonstrations. Czech citizens moving on a street in Czechoslovakia during a strike forcing conservative elements to resign from the cabinet. Scenes of police brutality and beatings against strikers. Communists take over the police. Czech President Edvard Benes with conservative politicians in a government building. Huge crowd on a street. Police clashing with crowd. Czech Prime Minister Klement Gottwald with officials. President Edvard Benes, facing possible civil war or invasion by the Soviet Union, accepts a Communist cabinet. He is seen signing documents to that effect on February 25, 1948. Other officials beside President Benes during the signing. View of the first President of Czechoslovakia Tomas Masaryk's son, Jan Masaryk, who remained the Foreign Minister, and did not agree to the new government. Two days later Jan Masaryk is discovered dead. The body of Jan Masaryk in a coffin. Edvard Benes, who resigned in June 1948 after refusing to sign the communist constitution, is seen walking slowly outside the Parliament using a cane. A guard saluting Benes. View of the body of Edvard Benes, who died in September 1948, laying in a coffin. Mourning citizens offering flowers and cry. Officials bearing the coffin. Shift several years later to street strikes in East Germany in 1953. People during a strike and riot in Poland in 1956. Russian tanks moving on a street and Soviet soldiers are seen. Elevated view of panic and Polish citizens fleeing soldiers. October 1956: Student demonstrators on street in Budapest Hungary during the Hungarian Uprising of 1956. Soviet Russian red star is toppled by crowds from a building roof in a sign of defiance. Russian troops respond with tanks on the streets in Hungary. Crowd fights back. Russians retreat. Crowd overwhelms local police. Imre Nagy, Prime Minister of Hungary, ascends steps. Hungarian crowd on streets burn communist books and papers. Russian tanks invade Hungary to crush revolt. Tanks fire guns on Hungarian street. Imre Nagy's execution announced June 17, 1958.
Speaking before United Nations Atomic Energy Commission (UNAEC) in its first meeting in June 1946, Bernard Baruch proposes international control of all atomic energy -- the so-called Baruch Plan. Low level aerial view of ruined post World War 2 European city. Goods including heavy equipment, locomotives, being loaded aboard ships to aid in the postwar recovery of Europe (The Marshall Plan). Workers in Western Europe making use of Marshall Plan materials to rebuild their national infrastructures. West European farmers restoring agriculture. View from overflying light airplane of parts of postwar Berlin in 1948. Blocked roads and empty railroad tracks leading from East Germany to West Germany, blocked by the Soviet Union. Barge traffic at standstill due to Soviet actions. U.S. C-54 transport aircraft flying supplies into West Berlin (The Berlin Airlift) during the Soviet blockade of that city. West Berliners watching U.S. transport aircraft bringing fuel, food and other essentials into the isolated city. A C-54 flying low over empty railroad lines, as it prepares to land in West Berlin. Supplies offloaded from a DC-3 ( AKA C-47 or British Dakota) equipped with unusual set of rear cargo doors. Supplies being moved on Tegel Airport with many C-54 aircraft in the background. Numerous C-47 aircraft operating at Tempelhof airdrome. An East German official opening a barricade as Soviet blockade of West Berlin ends on May 12, 1949, and supply trucks begin to move over roads again. Flags of Western nations flying on high flagpoles. Glimpse of Allied warships underway during World War 2. Formation of P-38 Lightning aircraft in flight overhead. NATO troops marching and NATO armor on parade. Flashes of heavy artillery firing at night. Korean refugees moving South in 1950 with the outbreak of the Korean War. View of UN Security Council meeting in the absence of Soviet representative. U.S. tanks firing guns and American infantrymen in conflict with North Korea in Korean War. American wounded on stretchers.