Rich grasslands of Mongolia .Lumbering being carried on and logs of wood being loaded onto a cart. A Mongolian man shearing a sheep for wool at a sheep ranch. Wool being collected in a cart. A group of camel graze in a field. A Caravan of camel carts moves through the grass fields.
View from hillside above the town of Hailar, Mongolia. Fairly dense concentration of houses and building are seen at first, but they thin out as the camera pans to the right. Semi-arid hillside comes into view at camera location. Trees and shrubs seen only is places that might collect some water. Otherwise all is sand dunes. An isolated structure on a hilltop. Scene shifts to horsemen herding sheep along a dirt road in town. Flag of the Russian-administered Chinese Eastern Railway. It contains the Manchukuo flag in its canton and a small hammer and sickle plus star on its field. A sign identifying the District of Hailar, in Cyrillic and Chinese. A steam locomotive pulling a train into the station. A cosmopolitan mixture of people gathered on the platform. Some women holding parasols. A uniformed Russian guard, of the Railway company, is seen among several Chinese officers on the platform. People boarding the train. Women looking out the train windows.
Sun rises from behind the Hingan ranges in Inner Mongolia. A heard of cattle flock near a stream to drink water and to bathe. A flock of sheep graze along the Hingan mountain slopes. Mongol men on horseback keep an eye on the cattle. Camels graze across a grass field. A stream flows across the grass field. A cowboy on horseback culls out a foal from a herd, using an uurga (loop on a long pole) whlle the mother stands nearby.
Scenes of drought in Hailar district, Manchuria, previously known as Hulun. Camera pans across eroded cliffs showing soil depletion. Starving chicks, possibly eagle hatchlings, in a nest. A lone bird in the sky. Skeleton of livestock. A line of ox-drawn carts moving through the barren landscape.
Inauguration ceremony to open railroad link Southward, from Soviet Trans-Siberian Railroad, at Naushki, to Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia and thence to Tsining, China. Men connecting the two rail lines. They use levers and a screwjack device. Men push a rolling measuring device to check accuracy of rail track width. Mountains in the background. A railway station with pictures of Soviet leaders. A large crowd of local peoples gathered for the festivities. They carry flags and pictures of Chinese, Mongolian, and Soviet leaders, including Mao Tse Tung, ,Dashiyn Damba, Voroshilov ,Lenin, and Stalin. A large reviewing stand holding a number of dignitaries, and displaying pictures of Dashiyn Damba, Voroshilov, and Mao. Several Soviet officers seen. Chinese and Soviet spokesmen make short speeches, after which the Chinese spokesman cuts a ribbon to officially open the railroad link Behind him, in the background, is seen a map of the railroad connection going South, from the Soviet Union,toward Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. A woman railroader waves a flag and gives a signal. A train decorated with pictures of Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov, Dashiyn Damba, Mao Tse Tung,and the Soviet, Mongolian, and Chinese flags, moves over the tracks. Soviet rail line construction in snow: A crane places something intoa truck. Field engineers refer to a map. A bulldozer levels the ground. A crane places a section of prefabricated track on the new roadbed. View of newly laid track.
Officials from Inner Mongolia visit Tokyo, Japan during World War II. Prince Teh and Foreign Minister Ch'u Min-i of Inner Mongolia arrives by train in Tokyo and are greeted by Japanese officers. The Prince and the Foreign Minister walk through a crowd at the station. An official speaks before microphone.