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Munkács Czechoslovakia 1933 stock footage and images

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Crowds celebrate wedding of Frime Chaye Rivke, daughter of Grand Rabbi of Munkács.

The wedding of Frime Chaye Rivke, daughter of Rabbi Chaim Elazar, of Munkács, to Baruch Rabinovich, on March 15, 1933. Jewish men ride decorated bicycles along a street. They wear sashes containing Jewish blessings. They are surrounded by crowds and followed by other men on bicycles. A horse-drawn carriage moves through the crowd, carrying Jewish Rabbis, and elders and escorted by walking policemen and followed by men carrying banners in Yiddish. The procession and crowd goes toward a wedding pavillion set up in courtyard of the Synagogue. Policemen work to control the crowd. Rabbi Chaim Elazar speaks to the crowd, in Yiddish, exhorting Jews in America to keep the Sabbath. The crowd mills around as several persons make their way through the gates of the courtyard, being protected by police.The wedding party proceeds through Synagogue grounds to the wedding canopy, where Cantor Mordekhai Salomon sings and a Klezmer band plays. Reportedly, over 20,000 guests attended the wedding from all over Europe and the U.S.

Date: 1933, March 15
Duration: 3 min 1 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: Yiddish
 
 
Jewish school children, in Munkacs, Hungary, sing the song: Hatikvah (The Hope)

Jewish children at a Hebrew school in Munkacs, Hungary. The children are assembled in courtyard of the school, arranged by age, with youngest in the front. A man conducts them in the singing of Hatikvah, (The Hope), a song considered a Zionist National Anthem.

Date: 1933
Duration: 1 min 39 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: Yiddish
 
 
Jewish school children reciting lessons outside a Hebrew school in Munkacs, Hungary

Jewish children at a Hebrew school in Munkacs, Hungary. School children reciting their lessons in unison, outside the school. Rabbis and school staff leaving the school. Children standing by a table filled with books. A Rabbi and instructor stand behind the table. A woman brings two books and discusses them with the instructor. A commercial sign announcing Weavers of cloth and towels. The sign is is four languages: Czech; Hungarian; German; and Yiddish. In backyard of house, a family of weavers is busy making towels and cloths. The father keeps the various threads separated and weaves, while a woman operates a wheel by foot and a boy operates a wheel by hand. Another woman and a child watch.

Date: 1933
Duration: 2 min 35 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: Yiddish
 
 
Young Jewish men and women dance the Hora, in circles, holding hands and singing

Young Jewish men and women dance the Hora, in Munkacs, Hungary. They form two circles, one within the other, alternating men and women. The men hold hands with one another, behind their backs, and the women do likewise with other women. They sing in unison, verses ending in la la la, and dance in counterclockwise direction, using grapevine steps.

Date: 1933
Duration: 1 min 39 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: Yiddish
 
 
A parade to commemorate the founding of the Czechoslovakian Republic in Prague, Czechoslovakia.

15th Anniversary of the founding of Czechoslovakian Republic. President Tomas Garrigue Masayrk on a horse back along with minister of war and other officers lead a parade in Prague on the 15th anniversary of the founding of the Czechoslovakian Republic. Soldiers march at the parade. New armored cars displayed for the first time. Soldiers loaded in carriages move past a large crowd during the parade.

Date: 1933, November 9
Duration: 50 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Adolf Hitler's plans and actions for conquest of Austria and Czech Sudetenland; events leading up to and through Munich Pact

Film opens showing Adolf Hitler ascending stairs to the Bergfhof, accompanied by Marshal Hermann Goering, and followed by other high ranking Nazi officers. Inside, General staff officers begin briefing Hitler about plans for German expansion Eastward. Finger points to Austria on map. Next, on March 12, 1938, Border Guards are seen dismantling barriers at the border as German troops march into Austria. German aircraft fly overhead. Hitler stands in his open touring car as it drives into Vienna, where local people line the sidewalk, and welcome him with the Nazi salute. Maps depict the fall of Austria and illustrate the anticipated conquest of Czechoslovakia. Brief overlay image of Bismark as narrator quotes him about Bohemia being key to control of Europe. German troops advancing up steep mountainous terrain. German soldiers on horseback and wagons passing road sign pointing to cities of Karlovy Vary and Cheb, in the west Bohemia region of Czechoslovakia. Czech troops marching in formation with shouldered arms. View of Czech Avia B-534 warplanes at an airfield. Interior of a Czech Skoda works munitions factory. President of Czechoslovakia, Edvard Beneš, signing papers at his desk. French lancers marching in formation, on parade. (Narrator comments on French military alliances with Czechoslovakia and Great Britain.) View of warships in British fleet. Hitler outdoors, surrounded by German military officers, looking over large maps. Animated map highlights the "Sudetenlands" bordering Germany, including districts of Bohemia, Moravia, and parts of Silesia inside Czechoslovakia, where use of German language was common. Street scene from that area showing some youths in uniforms, marching. Hitler giving speech about bringing the German people together again. The uniformed youth marching at a camp. Sign erected on stone wall at the camp reads: "Die Faune ist mehr als der..."(the flag is more than ...) Youth in Naval garb march on a street with a Nazi flags. Spectators give Nazi salutes. Young men in Khaki uniforms march with Nazi symbols. Scenes shift to similar parades in Norway, Sweden,China,and the United States. Back in Czechoslovakia, Hitler reaches down from his podium to shake hands with parading youth. Images of Admiral Chester Nimitz, Lieutenant General Walter Krueger, Senator Robert Wagner, Wendell Wilkie, Henry J. Kaiser, and American military members, superimposed on American flags. Sudentenland Nazi supporters marching. Konrad Ernst Eduard Henlein, Sudeten German politician, with a Nazi officer. More views of Sudeten Nazi supporters. Nazis in an office showing blackjacks. Hospitalized Czechs who suffered at hands of Nazi supporters in street fights. Hitler speaking before the Bundestag. Closeup of Joseph Goebbels.Foreign minister Maxine Lichtenhof speaking to League of Nations meeting announcing Russia's readiness to back action against Germany. Czech borders being closed. British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain arriving by plane in Munich. Benito Mussolini, Adolf Hitler, and Hermann Goering with Chamberlain, at the meeting to sign the Munich Agreement. View of protests by people in the streets of Czechoslovakia. French Prime Minister Edouard Daladier and Chamberlain, both being praised by countrymen upon their respective returns from Munich. (Chamberlain seen arriving just before giving famous "peace for our time" speech.)

Date: 1938, September
Duration: 5 min 37 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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