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New Mexico United States USA 1945 stock footage and images

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The end of WWII and U.S. President Harry Truman's role in immediate postwar actions

Opening scene shows some German infantry surrendering with hands raised. Next scene shows people thronging Times Square in Manhattan, New York, celebrating VE Day ( May 8, 1945) when Germany surrendered to end World War II, in Europe. Image of the first atomic explosion (Trinity) on ‎July 16, 1945, in New Mexico, United States. Scene shifts to deck of the U.S. Battleship, USS Missouri, where Japanese foreign minister, Mamoru Shigemitsu, is seated and signing the instrument of surrender., on September 2, 1945. Closeup profile of General Douglas MacArthur. Another glimpse of Mamoru Shigemitsu signing. Next, MacArthur is seen signing the document. He turns and presents the pen to Lieutenant General Jonathan M. Wainwright , who is standing behind him alongside British Lieutenant-General Arthur Ernest Percival. Brief glimpse of the San Francisco War Memorial and Performing Arts Center with flag appearing to be at half staff and a long awning extending from its entrance to the sidewalk. View of representatives at the first United Nations meeting there . Views of audience in auditorium shows many notables. Closeups of Soviet Ambassador, Andrey Gromyko and Soviet Foreign Minister, Vyacheslav Molotov.. Next, President Harry S. Truman is seen broadcasting a greeting to the delegates, from the Capitol, Washington, DC, on April 25, 1945. The delegates are seen listening to the broadcast and then applauding.

Date: 1945
Duration: 1 min 30 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Ernie Pyle reports in newspaper about why he likes Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Tribute to war correspondent, Ernie Pyle in New Mexico. Newspaper column by Ernie Pyle, called "The ROVING REPORTER." In it Pyle mentions many places he could live, including the Pacific Northwest, New England, the Mississippi Gulf Coast, Key West, California, and Honolulu. Images of these places are shown. Farmers loading hay in the Northwest; A church in New England; A paddle wheeler ship on the Mississippi River; A seaplane coming in to land on the water at Key West, Florida; Aerial glimpse of Golden Gate Bridge; the Diamond Head mountain in Honolulu. But Pyle chose to live in Albuquerque New Mexico. View of a passenger train arriving at station in Albuquerque. The street and house where Ernie Pyle lived A woman on the porch of the house petting Pyle's dog Cheetah. Inside the house are views of his study, books, and photographic memorabilia. View of Pyle with American soldiers in World War 2. American troops marching in war zone. Troops trying to keep warm in snowy conditions, and advancing in street fighting and other places, firing at hidden enemies Scene shifts back to Pyle’s study at home and focuses on a map of New Mexico. Glimpse of Santa Fe and its Capitol building, and its old Palace of the Governors. Persons on horseback riding in the town of Taos, and views of its Pueblo village. Gravestone of famous Frontier Scout, Kit Carson. Coal being moved in open rail cars from a mine in New Mexico. Street scene in Roswell and the New Mexico Military Institute with cadets marching in a field. View of Silver City, and of various metal ores being mined. Carlsbad Caverns, seen with visitors on a walkway in front of a huge opening and views inside the caverns where visiting children are singing the hymn, Rock of Ages. Views, back again to Ernie Pyle’s home, its study and living room, with his dog Cheetah sitting on one of the chairs.

Date: 1945
Duration: 3 min 33 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Trinity test - the first ever Atomic bomb tested in Alamogordo New Mexico, United States.

Shows the first atomic bomb explosion in history, on July 16, 1945, resulting from the work of the Manhattan Project. Atomic bomb tested at an experimental station in New Mexico, United States. Bomb explodes and a mushroom cloud forms, seen from cameras 6 miles away. Smoke and fire emerges. (World War II period).

Date: 1945, July 16
Duration: 2 min 34 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Y-12 atomic production facility; Trinity Shot atomic text explosion in the United States; Truman speaks about atomic secrets.

Atomic bomb production and its use in the United States. Doctor Ernest O. Lawrence experiments with the cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. View of the exterior and interior of the cyclotron. An animated diagram shows the results of the splitting of the uranium atom. Diagram shows a nucleus, electrons and protons. Atomic structures of Helium, Lithium and Uranium. A diagram of the creation of barium and krypton, and the release of atomic energy. Aerial and ground views of Y-12 atomic energy testing, uranium enrichment, and manufacturing plant at Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Workers walking on the grounds of the the plant. The Trinity Shot first atomic explosion is shown near Los Alamos, New Mexico on July 16, 1945. Flash of explosion and a cloud of smoke rises as seen from U.S. Army cameras 6 miles away. Two other views of the explosion are seen from other camera positions while narrator explains the effects. U.S. President Harry S. Truman speaks of the need to keep the secrets of the atomic bomb among the U.S., the U.K, and Canada, alone, until they find successful techniques to control the bomb and protect the world from total destruction. He indicates that he will work the the U.S. Congress in the effort and make the power a force for world peace. Truman asks that God guide the U.S. in how to use the technology in His ways and for His purposes. (World War II period).

Date: 1945
Duration: 4 min 37 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Allied bombing raids on Japanese cities and the atomic explosion at Hiroshima, in Pacific Theater of World War 2.

Air raids and battle in Japan in the Pacific Theater of World War II. A cemetery of United States military soldiers in the Japanese island of Okinawa. Memorial at the tombstone of Ernie Pyle built by the 77th Infantry Division of the U.S. Army. General Doolittle, General Arnold and other officers during a discussion standing before planes at the 48th Air Force base. B-29 advances towards Tokyo. Dropping of a number of guided bombs towards their targets. Targets include Japanese airplane factories, shipping industry, military supply chains in the cities of Tokyo, Nagasaki, Nagoya, Okinawa and Yokohama of Japan. Explosion and smoke arises from bombed targets. On 05 August 1945, Enola Gay, a B-29 carries the atomic bomb and flies towards Hiroshima. Atomic explosion seen signifying the one in Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, but narrator indicates the image seen is that of the first atomic explosion (the Trinity test) during on July 16, 1945 in New Mexico. Immense cloud of smoke and light. This atomic explosion, the first of two, was pivotal in compelling Japan to surrender unconditionally.

Date: 1945, August
Duration: 4 min 11 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Places in New Mexico, familiar to Ernie Pyle

Views of Ernie Pyle’s familiar places in New Mexico. Opening shot shows a man stepping from the porch of Ernie Pyle’s house, with great expanse of landscape in the background. A car driving along a quiet mountain road. People picnicking at a roadside table. Views of mountains and sky and a man leading a horse walking slowly up a sandy hillside. Horse-drawn wagon in the Pueblo of Isleta. A farmer plowing a field with a team of horses. Pueblo women placing rugs on a line and baking bread in an ancient clay outdoor oven. Pueblo residents celebrating Corpus Christi Day. They walk slowly carrying banners and flags. The local Priest says prayers for American soldiers away in World War 2. Inside the church, a Pueblo mother lights candles for her son, overseas, against a backdrop of stars representing each local man away in the war. Car is seen driving across a low bridge over the Rio Grande River. It drives slowly into the town of Sandoval, where a man leads a cow across the road in front of the car. Farmers cultivating rows of crops by hand. A woman sings accompanied by a guitar. A sheep ranch where shepherds on horseback move a flock. Sheep being herded into pens. View of sheep being sheared by team of men. Wool being piled into a truck. Mailman delivering mail to a country mailbox on a street in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Two girls in jeans walking in town. A girl comes out of a building and embraces a young soldier in uniform, who was waiting for her. Pedestrians on the sidewalks in the commercial district. Women with cut roses; playing cards; baking a cake; and cutting a lawn with a manual reel mower. A wedding party walking along the sidewalk. Two girls reading. People in various settings reading the Albuquerque Tribune (or the Journal) newspaper. Movie houses that show films in Spanish and English. Students walking on the grounds of the New Mexico State University in Las Cruces. More views of ordinary people in towns. Sheriff Harold Hubbell of Bernalillo County, who served with the 200 Coast Artillery on Bataan, in 1942, is seen mailing a letter. Former Governor, Clyde Tingley, now Mayor of Albuquerque, comes down steps of a building. A Navajo indian reading a newspaper. A rancher rolling his own cigarette. A young Spanish American man (Muchacho). Pretty girl (Muchacha) rides a bike. A Navajo man followed by his family. Sign reading “Bataan Relief” announcing a talk by a Bataan veteran of World War 2. View of the speaker, in uniform, speaking to a group of mostly women. (Narrator states they lost a whole National Guard Regiment to the Japanese after the Pearl Harbor attack in 1941.) Another glimpse of students at the State University. Another repeat glimpse of Pueblo women baking bread in outdoor oven. Views of girls and women. Various Views of Ernie Pyle with American troops overseas during the war.

Date: 1945
Duration: 4 min 53 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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